History Of Marie Antoinette Background Essay

Marie Antoinette is one of the most controversial women in background. Her life has motivated many fiction novels, movies, biographies and much more. She is also said to be one of the most misunderstood woman ever sold. What induced Marie Antoinette to be the most controversial and misunderstood girl in history? It was simply her reputation and the destruction it gathered during her life. This newspaper can look at Marie's life and the situations and characteristics of her life that lead to the drop of her reputation.

Marie Antoinette was born on November 2, 1755 in Vienna, Austria. She was the fifteenth child of Emperor Francis I and Empress Maria Theresa. Her parents were often involve in the affairs of Austria and acquired little time to invest with Antoinette; however, through the summer the family would vacation in the country where the family would be collectively. Antoinette did not have a standard education. Her teacher decided to target less on reading and writing and put more focus on playing, which was where Antoinette's concentration was. This could account for some of her actions in the future. After the loss of life of her spouse, Antoinette's mother began to focus more and more on talk about affairs. Marie Antoinette was the eleventh child of Empress Maria Theresa. In History Today it is written that "all Maria Theresa's daughters were pawns on the diplomatic chessboard" (Background Today 2005). Maria Theresa's strategy experienced been to marry Antoinette off to the Dauphin Louis XVI of France. In prep for her proposal, a French teacher was delivered to instruct Antoinette, whose education was almost non-existent. Even though she was hard to teach, the teacher found her to be of excellent figure.

The union of Marie Antoinette to Louis XVI was celebrated in 1770. She appeared for the wedding with a large entourage and soon received over Louis XV, while intimidating her future husband. After their nuptials, the couple did not consummate the marriage. This is a great distress to the court docket. After seven years on unconsummated matrimony, Antoinette's sibling, Joseph II, was sent to help the couple. What he did or thought to the few is anonymous, but it have help them. Richard Covington creates, "Many historians conclude that Louis suffered from phimosis, a physiological handicap that makes sex agonizing, and that he eventually got surgery to correct the trouble" (Covington 2006). Covington also declares that other biographers assume that the few just did not really know what to do. However, for whatever reason the marriage was not consummated, Nancy Barker writes, "The relationship that for some seven years was [a] no relationship can't be exaggerated as an essential reason behind the defamation of the queen's identity" (Barker 1993).

It will not seem unusual that they waited so long to consummate the matrimony considering that Marie and Louis were complete opposites. The queen had written in a notice to a pal, "My tastes are not the same as the king's" (Covington 2006). Louis was an introvert with simple tastes and early riser who appreciated hunting and working with locks. On the other hand, Marie was an extrovert with expensive likes who craved sociable relationships and partied at night. Her frivolousness also added to the drop of her reputation. She once bought a set of diamonds bracelets. They cost just as much as a mansion. She styled her hair in the bouffant style. She was also seen going out during the night to operas and balls while her hubby remained at home. All of this was viewed as undesirable to the people of France. Barker writes, "This gilded young ones helped create the fantastic image of the profligate, arrogant queen who danced as the people starved" (Barker 1993). Maria Theresa constantly published to her little princess, telling her to avoid living like she was. These warnings from her mother went unheeded by Marie.

Another issue that added to the mess up of Antoinette's reputation was the actual fact that Louis practiced fidelity. Barker notes that the mistress of the king, who was regarded as a feminine influence on the king, was often used as the scapegoat and had taken the blame for the king's weakness. The mistress could be banished after taking the blame, therefore the king's rule was kept unaffected, as was his capacity to produce an heir that was not poor (hereditary monarchy). Since Louis didn't take a mistress, the blame fell on Marie's brain. Marie was the queen and may not be banished, so hereditary monarchy was diluted (Barker 1993). While Louis applied fidelity, Marie didn't.

In 1774, Marie found a man by the name of Axel von Fersen. Marie asked him to several balls, but Fersen eventually went to England. His come back four years later led to the queen slipping deeply in love with him. He signed up to combat in the North american Revolution and when he again returned to Versailles he composed to his sister saying, "I cannot participate in really the only person to whom I wish to belong, the one who really loves me, therefore i do not need to belong to anyone" (Covington 2006). Jacques Paratin and Valerie Nachef point out that there were words written between Fersen and Antoinette and that these words were written in using a cipher. They were able to decipher the letters. Fersen's entrance to his sister is regarded as about Marie Antoinette because in a letter from Antoinette to Fersen she wrote, "I can tell you that I love you" (Covington 2006). She often invited him to her Trianon. Many of the people at judge were jealous that these were never invited and started rumors of perverse things that went on in there. Her affair with Fersen and his regular trips to the Trianon was another event that triggered harm to Marie's reputation.

A attribute of her life that could not be helped was that Antoinette was Austrian. There is one individual who wrote, "The queen's Viennese beginning was her original and irremediable sin" (Barker 1993). This in addition to all or any her other "sins", made individuals detest Marie. Barker writes, "She was overseas; she hated and disdained the French; she was luxurious and luxury caring, depleting the royal treasury by her expenditures and her luxurious rewards to her favorites; she intrigued to control the ruler; and she was profligate, with the capacity of erotic excesses without limit. Her enthusiasts sullied the nuptial couch of kings" (Barker 1993). The general public was being fed this information through pamphlets compiled by people in the court. With the data they were increasing, the general public was quickly becoming intolerant of Antoinette's ways.

The event that pushed individuals over the border was the Diamond Necklace Affair. A woman, Lamotte, impersonated the queen and bought an exceptionally expensive diamonds necklace. Once the jewelers went to Marie demanding repayment she did not know what they were discussing. Once Antoinette found the imposter, Lamotte was put on trial and convicted. Even though Marie had nothing in connection with this scandal, she was persecuted for this. Covington writes that from that minute Marie could "do no right. " Following that tensions continued to go up between the people of France and the monarchy. The People from france Revolution was increasing. The revolutionaries eventually required Paris and then your palace. After a failed escape attempt, the royal family happened prisoner. Louis had written to different overseas capabilities plotting a counterrevolution. When it was uncovered, Louis was sentenced to loss of life and died by the way of the guillotine. Marie Antoinette was beheaded half a year later after be convicted of treason. Pierre Saint-Amand and Jennifer Curtis Gage write, "Her fatality was not politics. . . but instead highly moral. The queen's execution can be interpreted as the Revolution's to rectify the errant sexuality of the nation. "

While Marie Antoinette was frivolous, she was not the cause of France's monetary and interpersonal issues. The people of France had just witnessed and participated in the North american Trend and were ready for an alteration of their own. Marie Antoinette was mere the catalyst to reaching their goals. For change to happen revolutionaries needed someone to blame France's current issues on and that charge fell to Antoinette. Had she not been there, the People from france Revolution could have taken longer to go up to the top.

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