Karl Marx Biography

In this essay I will seek to assess the contribution of Karl Heinrich Marx, to the writing of History in this current. To achieve that I will look at the factors that inspired the man including the thinking during the period he grew up in, the political atmosphere at the time, the people who Karl Marx associated with and the ones who inspired him and lastly I will check out how the writings and ideas of Karl Marx transformed the way History is written today.

Karl Marx was born on the 5th of May 1818 in Trier in Prussia in the physical area of what is now Germany. He examined at the colleges of Bonn, Berlin and Jena. After finishing school he proceeded to go and published for the Rheinisch Zeitung. Marx committed his girl Jenny von Westphalen and then he changed to France, it was while in Paris that Marx began to mingle with the working school, while appalled at their poverty while at exactly the same time he was surprised and impressed by their comradely. It had been also in Paris that Marx achieved and became good friends with Friedrich Engels; they both shared similar views on capitalism.

Karl Marx possessed numerous influences and to understand his reasoning we would have to comprehend his influences, perhaps the greatest impact on Karl Marx was Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. He was one of the primary philosophers in Germany, along with his opinions being greatly thought, however his fans were split into 'right wing and left wing Hegelians'. The Left Wing Hegelians which Karl Marx associated with were mostly revolutionary figures in politics. Marx didn't interact with Hegel on a face to face basis but instead studied under one of is own pupils who was Bruno Bauer. Marx was also influenced by his close friend Engels' book, "The health of the Working School", which experienced led to the Marx's conception of the historical dialectic of class struggle.

"Communal classes develop on the basis of different positions that folks match in the prevailing 'function of production'-that is, the market" as quoted from Power and Contemporary society: An Advantages to the Public Sciences by Brigid C. Harrison, Thomas R. Dye. The central theme of Marx's thinking was the problem of class struggle, he had not been the first to understand that culture was split into stratified classes, however he was the first ever to find that the living of classes were interlaced to the kinds of production or monetary structure set up and that the proletariat which includes it signifying in the Latin phrase proletarius which means the lowest course in culture could revolt and lead to the creation of any contemporary society without classes. "The annals of all hitherto existing contemporary society is the history of class struggles. " As quoted through the Communist Manifesto as well as other Writings by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels which basically recommended that Marx viewed all types of society before or more to his time as stratified ones with folks of the low classes preventing for a more prominent or higher social category than the main one they currently occupied. Karl Marx observed in The Germany Ideology that "the class which is the prominent material pressure in society is at once it's the dominant intellectual push". Which simply designed that the people ready of specialist at any period in time are the ones who determine the goals of this age and when we delve deeper into that we can comprehend that in case a select band of persons control the idea patterns they will in essence use that intellectual gain to forward progress in their favor or use it to keep to lower classes under subjection or in perpetual poverty unless those lower classes collectively come together to overthrow the ruling classes and ensure that improvement is and only all.

The contribution of Karl Marx to historiography created a different way of analysis of the past. Historical Materialism was a theory of Marx that afforded the opportunity to use a methodological method of historians as well as taking to the forefront, the predicament of persons in the lower classes of contemporary society which also ties into Record from Below which simply means observing and commenting on historical improvement from the view of common persons in population instead of the 'Great Man View' this means only writing background from the perspective of kings and other such folks of great impact in culture. His reasoning was that, changes ever sold took place not by some damages but were the outcome of interactions between people.

The hypothesis of Historical Materialism was first originated by Marx in the booklet "Das Kapital: A Critique of Politics Economy". He retained that section of labor is not equivalent therefore it would lead for some having more than others and out of this would arise conflict and the only path to the complete change and abolition of societal hierarchy would be through sociable or political upheaval.

The theory of Historical Materialism is split into a three-part interpersonal structure, which can be: the productive forces, the relationships of creation, and the politics and ideological superstructure. The 'Functional Description' is what is submit by the idea so that they can clarify why these three parts are an asset to one another and are crucial for progress. A good example of this view used by the historian is seen in the works of F. W. Walbank who speculated these productive forces were responsible for nov the Roman Empire, who's rate of creation continued to be the same whilst the price of maintenance and development increased and that when combined with use of slaves who were offered no bonuses and seen all varieties of labor with contempt was what kneelt the death blow to the roman empire.

Marx considered that to prevent a do it again of the fall of the Roman Empire in modern societies, culture would have to develop and progress in some stages. A few of which experienced already come to move and today's one where he lived. These stages to be able of appearance were; Communalism or Primitive communism as a result of lack of individual possession of property and having less public hierarchy, where individuals who lived under this technique distributed everything and life had not been viewed from an individual stand point but instead from the stand point of the group all together as they hunted and accumulated together, The level that used was the Slave Modern culture, this was such as it was the emergence of classes where there was a section of society that had slaves and then there was the slaves themselves, agriculture originated to a spot where it might support large populations also people no acquired private property and such some people acquired more than others and possess the prosperity to buy even persons and view them as property, after came Feudalism which came up to prominence during the European dark ages, where in fact the lands were ruled by a little land owning nobility who got their positions of ability by; inheritance, conquest or matrimony, the major classes during Feudalism were; Kings, Lord and Serfs who had been on par with slaves with the difference mainly being in the name and the fact that these were not legally owned or operated by the landlords, nest came Capitalism which got an economy based on mechanical development, most individuals had personal property, it was not ruled by monarchs but it was a democracy where power was honored by people through election, this however will not mean that there was universal suffrage, also in a capitalist system employees were paid pay for obligations performed which in turn led to the lifetime of finance institutions, however Marx viewed capitalism as an evil to be abolished for an improved for of culture because capitalism still acquired a minority owning most of the resources while the majority had none and labored for miniscule salary in deplorable conditions, Socialism was another best thing as it experienced a planned overall economy without personal ownership of property with the ruling being done by groups of the normal people who possessed no real higher interpersonal status than the people who they governed and finally emerged Pure Communism that was basically the same as socialism but without the remnants of capitalism.

The contribution that Marx therefore possessed on history was that Historians who used his ideas in research give attention to specific things such as 'the development of productive pushes in population', 'civilizations seen as a the dominate classes and their relationship to production', 'and the view of political establishments in a broader social framework'. Marx also was criticized closely for is theory on record, in Historiography: Old, Medieval, and Modern by Ernst Breisach it was said that "the theory was destructive to the prevailing cultural order, to empirical research, also to a really historical view of the world". This is because of the strict guidelines where Marx viewed history as within was no leeway to explore other reasons for the way things happened and the way they are now.

In conclusion, the idea of Historical Materialism by Karl Marx was influential around the world to both historians and on-historians as well, it offered tools and definitions that aid the analysis of history today. He brought to history the concentrate on the classes of population and the effect they have got on civilization also he started to shift from the idea that record was only to be discussed 'Great Men' but instead may also be written from the perspective of common folk. It was said of Marx by Che Guevara "he out of the blue produces a qualitative change in the annals of public thought. He interprets background, understands its strong, predicts the near future, but additionally to predicting it, he expresses a revolutionary concept: the world should never only be interpreted, it must be transformed".

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)