When it was established in 1933, the Tennessee Valley Authority was an extremely controversial organization. Within Roosevelts New Offer and his first hundred days, where he initiated many new programs to jump start the countries current economic climate and put people back again to work, the TVA was recharged with the responsibility of providing electricity, increasing infrastructure, and boosting the grade of life of the deeply stressed out people residing in the Tennessee Valley. During the Great Depressive disorder, those populating this area resided in log cabins, with only the bare requirements needed to endure, and sometimes less. Their targets of electrifying rural America came into direct issue with the capitalistic ambitions of private electricity companies. Also, in order to perform their goals of improving the Tennessee Valley's waterways for travel designed building dams and man-made lakes, displacing thousands of locals who experienced inhabited the area for more than 100 years. This operation not only included relocating families with their new homes, which was met with a fantastic amount of amount of resistance, but exhuming the a large number of graves and reburying them at new sites. However, although the task done by the TVA in this area was sometimes flawed, and hated by many people where the program targeted to help, the business helped to bring modern goods to an area that were devastated by the economical crisis of the Great Depression.
The Tennessee Valley During the Depression
The area adjoining the potential site for Norris Dam had been settled for days gone by 2 hundred years and, like much of America's farmland further west, the land revealed signs of exhaustion by farmers who didn't consider the permanent effects of over farming. Before the Depression, many teenagers and women from the Tennessee Valley would move from the area with their own farms or to new cities of an increasingly industrialized Midwest. However, when troublesome economic times strike the American people through the Great Depression, a lot of those who had kept to start their own lives went back home to the protection and the familiar environment with their Tennessee homes. Within the years between 1930 and 1935, the Tennessee Valley observed an increase in the area's populace, which made living off what little the land provided even more difficult than before.
Farmers in the Tennessee Valley mainly raised corn for his or her family pets and livestock while nurturing other vegetation for personal use. Tobacco was also raised to bring in a source of earnings, providing farmers with something they could sell in order to buy things they cannot make or develop at home. Farming mainly for one's own private use, called subsistence farming, was a way of life in the Tennessee Valley which allowed for very few luxuries to the people which resided there. The 3500 farming families in the region which would be flooded by the Norris Dam included both home owners and tenant farmers, or farmers who grew cash plants like cigarette on another person's land in trade for a destination to live. Living conditions in the Tennessee Valley were extremely problematic for both these groups. Even during the most prosperous of times, there is not practically enough money gained by means of local fees to give adequate public academic institutions, health services, or street construction.
Founding of the Tennessee Valley Authority
One of the TVA's primary objectives was to improve infrastructure and the capability to carry goods through the Tennessee Valley by using its streams and other waterways. This is particularly the circumstance with a location of the Tennessee valley known as Muscle Shoals, Alabama, where in fact the Tennessee River comes 140 toes in elevation over about thirty mls. This dramatic drop in altitude produced the rapids or shoals that the area received its known as for, and managed to get extremely problematic for ships to go through and travel up further the Tennessee River. In 1916 the government gained possession of the region and began pulling up strategies to build a dam there. The proposed dam was intended to produce electricity that was needed to make explosives for the war effort. However, the First World Warfare ended prior to the sites could be completed and utilized. Through the next few years, the government debated over what should be done with the region. Some people of Congress argued that the dam should be sold to private organi