The American Revolution In Indian Country History Essay

In The American Trend in Indian Country, Colin Calloway presents a good quality account of Native Americans and their activities during the American Revolution. He gives a thorough accounts of eight different Indian tribes and their struggle to protect not only their lands but their sovereignty during the Revolutionary Conflict. Calloway's take is usually that the tribes were neighborhoods, culturally different from one another, and his aim is to provide a much better understanding what the Indians goals were and exactly how they responded to what was happening around them.

An in-depth review of the eight communities shows the ordeals they encountered during the war years with the question of the way the American Revolution influenced Indians, whether or not they sided with the British, Colonists, or stayed neutral. The actual fact that each of these tribes was not the same as the other person and Calloway's ability to look at those dissimilarities in great information helps to better understand the Indian experience during the war years. As a result of his comprehensive research, and his qualifications on Local American history, in particular the Abenakis, Calloway involves the final outcome that there is no chance that Native People in the usa were heading to reap the benefits of a civil warfare where in fact the victor had plans for the land that didn't include Indians.

History has trained us that the revolution that took place in North America was a conflict where American colonists were struggling for their flexibility from oppressive English rule and that Indians only played out a small part in it. The effect the war had on Native People in the usa has often been overlooked, for the most part because Indians were not united, they each got different goals, and their allegiances were different in each section of the colonies. Calloway changes this by giving glimpse into the Native Americans point of view. If Indians were not preventing with the British or the People in the usa contrary to the other, they were fighting each other. Communities took the position they took for his or her own reasons without considering their neighboring areas or what their stance was.

In his first section, Calloway explains the response Indians needed to a discord that they presumed wasn't their problem and one that they thought they must not be involved in. It wasn't long after struggling started that Indians were being wanted by both factors to be a part of their cause. Calloway gives a good summary of the state of affairs between Indians and the British isles and Indians and the Colonists to conclude why tribes took the position they had taken. Indians whose position was one of impartiality in the beginning of the war, found it increasingly more difficult to stay neutral as the war went on.

In the middle chapters, Calloway explores the average person communities and their connection to the Revolutionary Conflict. He starts off with the Abenakis in the north and goes right down to the Seminoles in Florida. Along the way, he talks about the reactions each community was required to the issue and the way the Revolution had not been a warfare where Indians struggled either British isles or Colonists, but how the Revolution compelled Indians to combat among themselves. As areas lost people to warfare, they merged in order to get much better. This caused interior strife as they looked for to get along with each other and find a common identification.

Native Americans noticed the discord as a civil battle between whites rather than revolution. Each area was wanting to enlist the Indians all along the eastern seaboard with blended results. The Odanaks wanted to stay neutral to keep their freedom. The Stockbridge fought on the side of the Colonials because they assumed that was best for keeping their culture intact once the People in america were victorious. On the other hand, the Oquaga took the British side for the very same reason. The Niagara were no more than refugees in their own land, they lived off United kingdom support but remained natural. The Maquachakees were also not taking sides in the Ohio River Valley. The Chotas did not take sides during the war but experienced the same negative effects as the other tribes. They tried to remain independent of the British, Americans, and other Indian tribes but eventually fought other Indian communities for the resources that were before supplied by English or People in america but were take off during the Revolution.

Calloway is not out to depict Indians as supporters of the Colonialists nor is he striving to say these were against them. Instead, he demonstrates whatever side they choose, all they really wanted was to safeguard their way of life. He is good at defending his point that Local People in america, while choosing sides, did not struggle for either the English or Us citizens, they fought for themselves and their success. There were Indians who recognized the British, mainly because they wanted to protect the long-standing trade of goods, biceps and triceps, and ammunition that they had relied on for years and in case they needed an ally against land hungry Americans. There have been Indians who supported the Us citizens because after the British were removed, they believed that they might have the ability to resume the way of life these were accustomed to, independently land.

Calloway argues that despite staying natural or taking one side or the other, all eight areas lost out. The loss had not been only their freedom but their lands and life-style as Americans started expanding their place and moving west, settling on Indian land on the way. He uses The American Trend in Indian Country to cast Local People in america in their own light during this pivotal age in American background, detailing their experience as Indians, not as members of the English or American Colonies. In the end, as Calloway explains, "if they sided with rebels, redcoats, neither, or both" Indians weren't much different from the colonists declaring that they were "fighting because of their flexibility" (p. xiii) and the results for them ended in a tragedy.

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