The Background Of Afghanistan History Essay

After the September 11th attacks on America, many nations were drawn in to the War on Terror. With this escalating issue came the brands of many countries that the American open public recognized little about. Ahead of 9/11, Americans realized Afghanistan simply as a country in the Middle East. In the aftermath of 9/11, People in america now associate Afghanistan with words like Al Qaeda and the Taliban. Regardless of the recent press coverage on this land-locked region, few understand the history of Afghanistan, like the rich social aspects, political weather, and society of the country. As the future of Afghanistan has been resided and written right now, a understanding of the country's background is essential in understanding the new global circumstances.

It is because of this that Meredith L. Runion has written this e book, posted by Geenwood Press. The writer is a Program Supervisor in the Directorate of Research and Technology for the U. S. AUTHORITIES and has been involved with several efforts about the Middle East. She actually is seen as a specialist in the history of Afghanistan. The writer has produced a size that reflects her current research on Afghanistan. Furthermore to writing several articles about them, "The History of Afghanistan, " is her first released reserve. Meredith is a local of the Washington D. C. area, and contains advanced degrees in Decision Research and Business.

The book is intended for students and general readers. Additionally it is serves as an appropriate starting materials for researchers trying to find concise yet all-inclusive text on the whole background of Afghanistan and the rulers which have governed it.

The USA, being truly a superpower which attacked Afghanistan and is currently embroiled in the Battle Against Terror in this area, shares a particular romantic relationship with this country. Yet, many People in america know very little about Afghanistan, its background and the individuals who take up this region. Therefore the writer has made special effort to keep the publication simple, concise and easy to follow for the American visitors. Among the countless other questions the writer addresses some are as given: How do Afghanistan end up being the way it is? The type of politics systems have advanced there? The type of influence does it have in your community? What exactly are the dominant politics, religious and cultural forces that move its leaders? These and a great many other questions have been solved in this level.

The e book under review is a nonfiction consideration of the annals of Afghanistan. It provides an abridged background of Afghanistan, from the introduction of civilization to america overthrow of the Taliban in overdue 2001. The annals is almost completely political and military in character, recounting shifting dynasties and governments and successive invasions by empires and great power.

Major things in the book illustrate how modern Afghanistan is a melting container of a variety of ethnicities, tribes, and political affects all under the guiding perception of Islam. The author repeatedly strains that due to the country's tactical location along the key trade routes between Central Asia and the Middle East, Afghanistan has endured repeated conquests throughout its tumultuous history. In spite of this, Afghanistan has proven to be a resilient drive when confronted with long-term conquests, as america is experiencing today.

It begins with an benefits to the country, concentrating on its geography and people. It talks about its location in the region, its physical features and agricultural potential. It also discusses its overall economy and the ethnic groups inhabiting the country.

It is interesting to notice that the writer has devoted a complete chapter to Afghanistan's prehistory. While libraries and bookstores are filled with a multitude of works on the early life of Mesopotamia and Persia, very little are available about Afghanistan's prehistory. Further, most books provide only one or two paragraphs on the first civilization time of Afghanistan, usually after Alexander the fantastic conquered this region. By including a complete chapter on the country's prehistory the article writer has made the e book appealing to general public as well as students of history.

The next section discusses the early civilizations which flourished in this field. Brief yet helpful materials has been shown about the Aryan Civilization, the Medes Empire, the introduction of Alexander the fantastic in the region and the Greco-Bactrian rule in Afghanistan.

Most books on the subject ignore the intermediate period between the early civilizations and the appearance of Islam in Afghanistan. However, the article writer has talked about the Greek-Hellenistic culture prevailing in the area till the conquests led by Muslim invaders. The Macedonian Empire, the department under Seleucid and Mauryan Rule, the Greco-Bactrian and Parthian eras, The Kushan Empire and the Sassanid Dynasty have been dealt with by the writer in this section before moving on to the development of Muslim conquerors. Conspicuous, however, is the author's lack of focus on the rule of Islamic Empires in Afghanistan. The Islamic Empires of this region were some of the most powerful and important ones through the period increasing from 10th century A. D. , and played a significant role in shaping the annals of Central Asia, Persia and India. The indisposition of the writer to handle this period of history in greater detail will come as a surprise to research workers and historians.

The following section discusses the Mongolian Invasion, the Timurid Empire and Safavid Guideline before the creation of the first Afghan talk about under Ahmed Shah Durrani in 1747.

A complete chapter has been written by the author detailing the Anglo-Afghan Wars from 1839 to 1919. Once more the writer very concisely narrates the annals of Afghanistan during this period making certain no important event is overlooked.

Events before the Soviet Invasion, Retreat of Soviet causes and the Afghan Civil Battle have been defined by the writer in a succinct manner. Since the history of Afghanistan during this period has been included in a significant volume of books, and that too in great details, it is alleviating to notice that the writer has not shown extensive material reproducing the same happenings in the booklet. Instead the author sticks to delivering the happenings briefly.

The next section in the publication discusses the go up of fundamentalism in Afghan modern culture. This protects the role of the 'Mujahideen', the go up of the 'Taliban', their conflict with the North Alliance and lastly the arrival of Osama bin Laden on the global scene. This chapter will be of particular interest to European readers, especially those in the United States who are not clear about the origin of the Taliban. Afghanistan is a land about which Traditional western readers knew hardly any about till the occurrences of 2001. Overall, Runion gives an insightful overview of such a country.

In standard, the reserve lays greater pressure on the historical events occurring in the past 30 years. Relating to Frank W. Thackeray and John E. Findling, both professors at Indiana College or university and foreword-writers for the e book, 'the past 30 years have been see to significant amounts of historical change, and it is to this change that book is mainly resolved'.

The materials in the publication has been presented within an orderly manner, with the writer concentrating on the chronological order of the historical events. The terminology used is easy and helpful for students desperate to acquire understanding of the subject matter in a short time duration.

However it must be noted that the publication presents an extremely brief summary of the history of Afghanistan, with the overly plain language at times becoming simple even for students.

As the reader moves on the more modern history of Afghanistan, it becomes correctly clear that book was written for People in america who wanted to know more about Afghanistan after 2001. If this is the only purpose of the visitors, this book will confirm fine. But if the readers are history students or analysts, they'll find huge other eras of background getting dismissed.

The book has additional chapters that add useful detail to the historical narrative. One chapter is an intensive chronology of important historical occasions, making it possible for readers to follow the move of Afghanistan's history. Another section features biographical sketches of the country's most important results who have added to the historical development of the Afghan region. The book also contains a comprehensive bibliography, so that those visitors interested in the subject matter will get more about the country and its background. Each section is followed by detailed notes detailing the contents of the chapter, making extensive referrals to works of other freelance writers and historians on Afghanistan. Included alongside these things is a glossary of frequently used terms, and a guide to further readings. The author apparently did significant amounts of research and recommendations multiple options to provide an unbiased look into Afghanistan.

It was observed that the chronology of the book goes in a haphazard fashion, and the areas the author chooses to concentrate on are occasionally puzzling. Even though Afghanistan was a neutral nation during WWI and WWII, those wars are discussed in a paragraph.

The author's design of narrating the events that have not yet happened in a specific section becomes aggravating at times. For example, the author creates:

"That ruler ruled before war was over in 1967"

Then another section will begin:

"The battle of regicidal self-reliance started in 1960"

This is rather common, and gets the readers sometimes struggling to place their mindset back into chronological order.

The lack of maps was greatly felt, that could have aided in detailing the historical items of the book. Similarly, the publication comprised no illustrations or images, making it a tiresome and unamusing read at times. Inclusion of maps and illustrations might well have put into the appeal and quality of the book

Overall, the reserve makes a reasonable attempt to clarify the major historical occasions of Afghanistan very briefly. Some historical details have been disregarded by the author. For an introductory record to Afghanistan, this provides its goal, but it'll probably pique somewhat than satiate the viewers' search for knowledge, which may have been the author's point all along. The reserve has about 150 webpages, so if the readers want an in depth material this probably isn't suggested. However, this is a great starting material for those attempting to gain more understanding on the united states and the current focus on modern events and conflicts

It is recommended for public desperate to acquire primary knowledge and record information about the history of Afghanistan in a concise manner. Students of history and experts looking for in-depth material about them however will be disappointed.

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