In the entire year 1943, India experienced one of the world's worst recorded food disaster, known as the Bengal Famine. The famine got a toll of 4 million people in eastern India by themselves. The reasons forwarded because of this famine was an severe shortfall in the food production in that area. However, the known economist Amartya Sen presumed that the hysteria related to the entire world Warfare II was a more important factor which made food gives a low main concern for the United kingdom rulers.
After Self-reliance also, India persisted its emphasis on the food creation scenario to give food to its evergrowing inhabitants. To this impact India promoted the Green Trend through the period 1967-78, focussing mainly on wheat, grain, corn and millets.
Prior to 1967, the efforts to achieve a greater degree of food production were not very successful. Durng this era the primary emphasis was on increasing the total area under food creation. The results were nor very enthusiastic. Individuals were still dying of being hungry. The speed of progress of inhabitants was still greater than the speed of growth of food development. To avoid this government had taken drastic actions and announced the green trend.
As we mentioned above, the total area under food production was being regularly increased after 1947 and this continued to increase even after 1967 to meet the growing requirements of food. However, this was not the most impressive feature of Green Trend.
Double Cropping of area already under production
The area under production was cropped only one time a year prior to the green revolution. The government motivated and developed methods to double crop the existing farmlands. This was the most impressive and important feature of Green Revolution in India.
The one cropping per season was being done due to the sole natural monsoon season in the united states. For the dual cropping to be successful, federal built huge irrigation facilities. Dams were designed to capture the large amount of natural rain water that was earlier wasted.
Using improved seed products for production
This was permitted through heavy investment in Research and Development. The Indian Council for Agricultural Research was in charge of development of High Yielding Selection of seeds, mainly wheat and rice but also corn and millet. K68 variety of seed for wheat was the most noteworthy of all seeds developed. Developed by Dr. M. P. Singh, this seed was certainly the most crucial contributor to Green Trend, thus, Dr. M. P. Singh is rightly called the father of Green Trend in India.
Logic of Green Revolution in Economic Development
Nationwide agricultural progress with production growth
The Green Revolution business lead to a bumper climb in the entire production and production of foodgrains in India and whole wheat and rice specifically. The farmers were benefitted the most because of higher comes back on their investment. They had a bumper produce due to the HYV seeds.
Uplifting income of majority of population (rural human population) 'to a certain level'
The income of most the farmers was increased due to the release of HYV seeds as the produces had increased. These were now better off than they were before they used the HYV seeds. Thus, the typical of living of Indian Rural people rose.
Thus creating a large 'market' for non-agricultural products and services
With the rapid surge in the typical of living the rural human population started demanding more of non agricultural products thus nurturing their demand on the market which led to a surge in the production of the goods and services.
Development of non-agricultural sector in a lasting manner
Thus, the introduction of agricultural sector gave way to the development of non agricultural sector also, contributing to the overall growth of the economy.
Economic Impact of the Green Revolution
High yielding variety of seed needed more normal water, more fertilisers, more fungicides, pesticides and other chemicals. This elevated the demand for the products and therby, led to a growth of the non agricultural local processing sector. This growth created more jobs and increased the country's GDP.
Dams that were created for providing irrigation facilities by keeping natural rain drinking water were also used for creating hydro electricity. This created new careers, boosted industrial progress and raised the typical of living of men and women in rural sector.
All the lending options that India had taken from the earth Bank and its own affiliates were repaid because of the success of inexperienced revolution. This helped to make India creditworthy in the sight of lending firms and other countries.
The green revolution resulted in an enormous demand for labour, thus, providing them more employment and, as a result, raising the entire standard of living.
Some developed countries, like Canada, were very impressed with the success of Green Revolution in India, they wanted Indian Federal to help them in implementing the Green Trend in their country. Indian Government directed some farmers, who were already well versed with the techniques of Green Trend, from Punjab and Haryana to Canada and acquired them resolved there. This is the reason why there are so many Punjabi speaking Indian source citizens in Canada today. These folks also transferred a part of their profits to India at that time, therenby, nurturing India's forex earnings.
Statistical Results of Green Revolution
India produced 131 million tons of food grains in 1978-79. India was thus set up as the world's biggest agricultural designer. Not only this, India for the first time, became a net exporter of foodgrains during this period.
The yield of our own farmlands grew significantly by thirty percent from 1947 to 1979.
The total crop area using High Yielding Variety of seeds significantly grew from 7% to 22% of the full total cultivated area. Thus, increasing the overall production of food grains.
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