The Mexican American War History Essay

The Mexican-American War was a discord between the USA and Mexico. It commenced on 25 Apr, 1846 and finished on 2 February, 1848. President Polk played a big role in america government's involvement with the Mexican-American War. Not all Americans supported the battle. There have been many individuals who were against to it. Henry David Thoreau, an American copy writer and philosopher, firmly opposed the conflict by declaring the United States actions as unethical.

The Mexican-American War was a result of Manifest Destiny. Corresponding to Roger Lee of TheHistoryGuy. com, Express Destiny was a belief that Americans experienced a god given to expand their border completely to the Pacific Sea. Not only did Americans believe that they had a right to the land, however they also believed that that they had a moral responsibility to civilize its occupants, which included Native People in america, Mexicans, and Spanish speaking Catholics. Relating to Encyclopedia Britannica, the Mexican-American War originated from the United States annexation of Texas in 1845 ("Mexican-American War"). Texas had been in a boundary dispute with Mexico during the annexation; therefore, the issue transferred to the U. S. Mexico claimed that the boundary concluded at the Nueces River, and america claimed it concluded at the Rio Grande River.

In 1844, Wayne Polk received the presidential election by campaigning on the idea of widening the American border to the Pacific Ocean. David A. Clary, author of Eagles and Empires, asserts that Polk's "territorial ambitions were naked and unashamed and there was never any hesitation on moral grounds" (64). With no type of military training or experience, Polk stored control over the bigger strategies of the Military and Navy pushes before and during the war. He understood that Mexico was at political turmoil, experienced a limited budget for its armed forces, and got problems getting products to its troops. With these details, Polk designed his armed forces strategies accordingly. Tag Crawford, author of Encyclopedia of the Mexican-American Conflict, to "entrust open public business to his subordinates" (218). Polk was driven to broaden the U. S. edges and nothing would have ended him from doing so.

One of Polk's first activities that led to the war was to send Congressman John Slidell to Mexico in 1848. Slidell was to provide Mexico thirty million us dollars to buy its North Territories, which included present day California, Nevada, Utah, elements of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming. According to The U. S. Mexican Conflict, a documentary written by PBS, Mexico rejected Slidell and refused to discuss with america. Unhappy with the refusal, Polk bought troops to the Rio Grande knowing it was the disputed place between the U. S. and Mexico. After the troops come to the Rio Grande, they built a fortress known as Fort Texas. Tensions immediately rose between your two countries. Polk had hoped that Mexico would feel intimidated by the American soldiers' existence and would agree to sell their North Territories to the United States. If intimidation did not work, Polk was relying on Mexican military to fire the first shot. One month after American troops attained the Rio Grande, Mexican troops attacked a United States patrol party and killed eleven soldiers and captured fifty-two prisoners. Following the episode, Polk demanded that Congress declare conflict on Mexico. It do so on 13 May, 1846. The Mexican-American Warfare lasted for just two years, with the United States winning the conflict and gaining more than five-hundred thousand square miles of Northern Mexican Territories.

American political views about the Mexican-American Battle were divided. Regarding to Encyclopedia Britannica, Democratic southern areas approved the conflict (Mexican-American Warfare). That they had plans on stretching slavery to the recently received land. The Whig Get together seen Polk's motives for the battle "as conscienceless land grabbing. " Many Whigs were against slavery, plus they believed that the goal of the war was to extend and increase slavery. Abolitionists were quite definitely against the conflict. Like the majority of the Whigs, they didn't want slavery expanded to the new place. They had without doubt that if slavery was allowed in the newly acquired land, it could enhance the electric power of the prevailing southern slave state governments.

Henry David Thoreau, one of the numerous abolitionists against the Mexican-American Battle, publicly shared his views about the conflict in an 1848 lecture entitled "Civil Disobedience. " Twelve months later, the lecture was printed. In "Civil Disobedience, " Thoreau argues an individual should follow their conscience and not support a authorities that he / she is convinced is unjust. Discussing the U. S. government's actions and role in the Mexican-American Conflict, Thoreau writes, "the work of comparatively some individuals using the ranking administration as their tool, for in the outset folks would not have consented to this solution" (305). Thoreau believes that the warfare was instigated with a few aggressive people of the U. S. authorities, and if it acquired consulted with the public, the U. S. wouldn't normally have been mixed up in war. It really is obvious that Thoreau is discussing President Polk's determination to obtain Mexico's North Territories no matter what. This includes Polk's blatant action of positioning American soldiers on the Rio Grande, knowing that it would probably cause the Mexican authorities to order its troops to harm the American army. Polk went so far as to pray Mexico would assault first so that it seems to all of those other world as the aggressor.

Unfortunately, the hostility of a few top brass in america government still is available. In 2003, President George W. Bush pushed for conflict on Iraq by officially declaring that Iraq experienced weapons of mass damage (WOMD). In reality, Bush never had any data that Iraq acquired any WOMD. He was solved to start a war no matter what, just as Polk was driven to visit war with Mexico. By critiquing President Polk's persistence of acquiring new land for america at all costs, and his ambitious conduct of placing American soldiers on the disputed land between your USA and Mexico, Thoreau is right by labeling the Mexican-American Battle as unethical.

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