The NEED FOR Confucianism Background Essay

Historically, traditional Confucian idea fell out of use in China as modernity swept across Asia at beginning of the twentieth century. Since China was defeated by invaded of traditional western countries and the increase industrial power and economic of Europe and United States forced Chinese visitors to consider China's future. Some intellectual advocating modernisation when the new culture movement in China occurred. There have been two ideological extremes made in China, one declined the Confucianism as it induced China's weakness while the other believed Confucianism didn't offer science and democracy which lead western to be powerful. Confucianism was neglected rather than in need started out from the new cultural movement.

Nowadays, Hong Kong is modern and global metropolis of China. It has a bureaucracy which is greatly autonomous from world looked after exercises minimum ability and control over its citizenry and export-oriented overall economy. Meanwhile, it remains essentially Chinese language. Hong Kong was became metropolis from industrialized region brought on by the quick economic progress. Some Scholars acknowledged Confucianism as the impetus when the stellar economical performance of the Asia-Pacific region happened in the 90s. It is because Confucianism provided the cultural background for entrepreneurs to stand out. However, people loosely refer to Confucianism when analysing factors related to the public and economy matters due to same region brought about a global monetary crisis in 1997. Additionally, studies on Chinese language values especially the original prices are certainly insufficient if not misconstrued by intellectuals with no Chinese background. Therefore, Do Chinese language values still exist in Hong Kong or even the present day Chinese societies? Is Confucianism of little value in the current Hong Kong? This article will research if Confucianism still played an important role in developing the frame of mind and head of modern Chinese in Hong Kong.

What is Confucianism?

Confucianism is the main one of major believe of Chinese language. The key of Confucianism is humanism and it as an ideology is non-theistic and humanistic. The goal of Confucianism is to determine peaceful() and guideline in the state. Confucianism targets the maintenance of ethics and the cultivation of virtue, the best basic of which are ren(benevolence), yi(righteousness), li(rites), zhi(wisdom) and xin(faithfulness). Achieving the goal is through Ren(»), which is the most important concept of Confucius' humanism. Ren expresses the expansion from the personal to others in conditions of zhong( ) 'doing one's best' and shu(-) 'be considerate'. Zhong can be interpreted as to cultivate one's moral persona. This is equal to what we should commonly consider as the Golden Rule, 'Do to others what you will like others to do to you. ' Shu means that 'Do not impose on others what you yourself do nor desire. '

The important of Confucianism

After the Opium Wars occurred, China was under the result of westernization. Scholars began to doubt the original Confucianism and think that it is useless where compare to the traditional western thought. However, there are a few problems when making use of the traditional western thought. Thus˜If we apply the Confucianism to different romantic relationships and areas, it may solute or release some social problems. Listed below are how Confucianism takes on quite role in various aspects such as politics, economic, morality and education.

The problem of now political environment is the distortions of individualism. In the machine of democracy, people needs for freedom in world, however, people became selfish which only concerned about themselves and disregard the others. The individualism changed into egoism due to the people lack cultivates their moral persona. As people don't like the isolation brought on by egoism, they'll obsequiously submissive succumb to the power and loss their unique value.

The point of departure in Confucianism is self-cultivation somewhat than cultural responsibility. The emperors should be the model of 'sageliness within and kingliness without(--)' which 'sagelines within'(-) means people have perfected their internal moral characteristics while 'kingliness without(-)' make reference to people have founded significant political and social successes. Therefore, people who works at administration should learn the Confucianism that how to be alert when exclusively. The philosopher Tsang said˜"I daily examine myself on three points:-whether, in transacting business for others, I might have been not faithful;' [The Analects 1:4] Therefore, if people service other's view and social rights, which is the aspect of Confucianism, it do good to the political and cultural environment. The Confucianism of authorities helped to make a strong federal, which educated the government officers to help run and control it. Confucianism was both important in assisting the Chinese preserve a well balanced and strong federal government and in creating an identical civilization throughout the empire.

Nowadays, people earn money through the immoral methods which impose on others terribly and even bad for others. This is the short-sighted commercial marketing techniques and brings bad influence on financial development. The successful of Hong Kong end up being the 'four little Dragons of Asia' requires not only the transfer of western ideals, but also the support of the ideology of traditional Chinese language beliefs and the changes and criticism of these indigenous customs. As Confucius said 'A gentleman makes his wealth in moral means' It show how important of Confucianism in raise the economic expansion.

Both the aforementioned explained that how important of moral value and standard of people is. Our Population need people who with good moral standard. Why this trend occurred? It just because people are power and cannot content with one's present situation. Many people don't apply ren to different associations that cannot become noble, unselfish, just and kind. It may cause under such social gazes and bad education system, but it doesn't inform that Confucianism is bad. Oppositely, the philosophies of Confucianism coach people how to become a gentleman and bring influence to the modern culture and world.

The basic of Confucianism is education. As the nature of human beings exists good, predicated on this theory, bad people just inflamed afterward. To govern the population should start with moral education, to develop and cultivate mentally or morally, to expand, strengthen, and discipline people which can develop social harmony. However, today Hong Kong's education is the most discredited 'spoon-feeding education'. It totally contradicts the theory of education in Confucianism. The spoon-feeding education power students to recite apart from understand it. The Get better at said, 'I do not start the truth to 1 who's not wanting to get knowledge, nor help you any one who is not anxious to clarify himself. When I've presented one part of a topic to anybody, and he cannot from it learn the other three, I do not duplicate my lesson. '[The Analects, 7:8] It explained that Confucius highlight the key of active critical thinking. Confucianism not only strains the cultivation of a person's personality, but also the important of education and rules of Rites. The Confucianism give attention to advancement of virtue of people and to satisfied with valuable life.


Taking everything under consideration, Confucianism in not of little value in the current Hong Kong. Maybe some said that Confucianism contain some useless idols such as China's development is largely indigenous and isolation from the other great civilizations which induced china found in the backward point out on economy. However, it is merely not true as the theory of Confucianism is to learn through others beside isolate themselves. People isolate from the other because their egoism. Overall, Confucianism plays quite role on development of Hong Kong people and contemporary society. Therefore, Confucianism is of important and reasonable value in the current Hong Kong.

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