November 11th. 1918, an exceptionally important day in history; this was your day that the Germans authorized a cease flame, 'the Armistice'. Which was the first step of any domino impact that led to the eventual end of World Battle I. On January 18th, 1919 the delegates from Thirty-two countries found its way to Paris for a gathering to discuss and agree on what they might demand from Germany, at that future peace conference brought on by the signing of 'the Armistice'. Most notably what was later known as the "big three", Chief executive Woodrow Wilson of the United States, Best Minister David Lloyd George of the uk, and Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau of France.
But, as increasing numbers of people set up in Paris to possess their say in the proceedings, this assembly turned into the actual Serenity Conference, therefore the decisions made became binding. This was what made the Versailles Treaty not the same as most other treaties authorized throughout background, since Germany wasn't allowed to send their delegates, only the Allies made the stipulations explained in the treaty.
Since the Germans experienced decided to the Armistice, these were sure the Allies would consult with them about the items of the treaty before last contracts were made. Unfortunately this didn't happen, and although they were furious the Germans weren't in any position to continue preventing in protest since, after signing the Armistice, their military had basically disintegrated. The options were clear and few, but the decision, no matter which was chosen, could have massive consequences for Germany and its own citizens; sign the treaty or be invaded by the Allies (The Treaty of Versailles, "2011"). Because the Germans couldn't sign up for the Peace Conference, the first time they observed the terms of the treaty was at the actual putting your signature on on June 28th.
The Treaty itself was an extremely long and extensive file, including 440 Articles (plus appendixes) split into fifteen parts. The first section set up the Group of Nations. Actually the first twenty-six clauses of the treaty dealt with the business of the Category of Nations. Other areas included the terms of military limitations, land ownership, financial issues, and reparations.
The German military was reduced to 100, 000 men and the army was not allowed to own tanks
Germany had not been allowed an air force
The German navy was only allowed six capital naval boats and no submarines
The entire western world aspect of the Rhineland and 50 kilometers east of the Rhine river was converted to a demilitarized zone; this meant zero German troops or weapons were allowed in this zone
The Allies put an military of job on the western standard bank of the Rhine for fifteen years
Germany was prohibited from building any kind of major weapons of violence
Alsace-Lorraine, which was directed at France
Eupen and Malmedy, that have been both given to Belgium
Northern Schleswig was given to Denmark
Hultschin was given to Czechoslovakia
West Prussia, Posen and Top Silesia were all directed at Poland
The Group of Nations had taken control of Saar, Danzig and Memel, but the residents of the regions would be given the chance to vote to stay in Germany or not
And finally, Germany acquired to return land seized in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk to Russia; the land was then converted into new areas (Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia)
The lack of vital pieces of commercial territories was a severe blow to Germany's financial well being, and combined with extreme financial fines associated with reparations, it looked like clear to them that the Allies needed only to hinder Germany from rebuilding its overall economy and fiscally bankrupt them. The final financial blow was the stipulation that Germany was forbidden from uniting with Austria to form one "super state", in order to keep the country's economic probable to a bare minimum.
And, what's considered the most questionable areas of the Versailles Treaty, and was almost definitely the most individually offensive where Germany was concerned, was Article 231, known as the "battle guilt" clause. This clause explained that Germany was to take full responsibility for the destruction induced during World War I. And because Germany, as mentioned in article 231, was in charge of starting the war, it was accountable for paying reparations to correct the destruction. The Germans were instructed to create a blank check, since no amount had been agreed on yet, which could be cashed by the Allies at their leisure. The ultimate amount was eventually arranged at Ј6, 600 million (or $1, 106, 825, 456. 72 by current exchange rates), an impossible amount for Germany to pay.
Needless to say, the people of German were extremely annoyed and angered, after the conditions were made open public. They felt that the treaty was obligated on them which there is no choice but to hint the treaty and agree to the terms, so in Germany the treaty became known as a Diktat. Although the majority of German people didn't want the treaty authorized, the representatives knew that they had no other choice. The German Chancellor Philipp Scheidemann actually resigned so he wouldn't have to hint the treaty, as passive aggressive and defiant last act was perpetrated, "the captured German naval pressure placed at Scapa Stream (north of Scotland) scuttled itself i. e. intentionally sank itself. " (The Treaty of Versailles, "2011")
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