People abusing the individual in the pilloryThe Pillory and the Companies; the pillory is a t-shaped pack where the sufferer would place their mind and arms inside. As others passed by they would put food at the individual and taunt and jeer at he/she, it was very humiliating. The stocks and options were used the same way, except that their toes were bound. http://www. duhaime. org/Portals/duhaime/images/pillory. jpg
Ducking stools - (specifically for those women accused of witchcraft); Accused witches, were "analyzed". These were dunked into a river to see if they were innocent or guilty. If the ladies had floated, these were considered a witch and would be sentenced to be burnt at stake, if indeed they sunk, they were innocent. Unfortunately if the women were innocent, she'd have drowned anyhow.
Boiling in engine oil water or business lead; (usually reserved for poisoners); for attempted murder you will be sentenced of the abuse of being boiled alive in hot water or lead.
Cutting off various parts of the anatomy - nose, hands, ears etc; depending on the crimes committed, you could be sentenced to decapitation of your body parts. If someone stole from the marketplace, they could get their hand(s) sliced off.
The gossips bridle or the brankThe Gossip's Bridle or the Brank; for girls who gossiped or spoke to widely, they would place a big iron construction over their mind, which formed a kind of cage. There is a steel stripped placed so it could fit inside the mouth, and it would either have been sharpened or located with spikes to a certain degree so that any activity of the tongue would inflict much pain and destruction. woman putting on a brank
The Drunkards Cloak; the abuse for public drunkenness, is quite amazing. The drunk would be forced and installed into a don barrel and wander through the city while local villagers laughed and taunted the drunk. Big openings were trim for the person's feet, mind and arms.
Being beaten; for poor Tudors who begged, they might be beaten until they approved the rocks that marked the city parish boundary. The effect was very gruesome therefore were the beatings.
Beheading; beheading was considered less degrading, noblemen would generally be put with consequence of beheading. Sometimes it took several blows just to decapitate the top. The top would sometimes be put on spikes on the London Bridge or other areas. This punishment happened in public for most to witness.
Not many children attended school, as these were generally poor or acquired too much work in their lives (like farming). Although those that do go to college were mainly sons of wealthy and noble young families. Understand that only males would usually go to school, as it usually wasn't considered worth the money to send a woman to school. Young ladies would either be kept home, participating in with the home work or delivered to make money for their family.
There were 2 types of academic institutions in Tudor times
The petty school ( teaching small children to read)
The grammar institution (teaching the kids Latin and mathematics, religious beliefs etc)
Boys started their university at age 4 and relocated to grammar school when they were 7 years old. Basically it was meant that kids were educated to work, as ladies were trained for marriage and operating a household.
Boys were to attend 6 days a week. School started at 7:00 am in winter and 6:00 am in warmer summer months, both stopping at 5:00 pm. This was a very massive amount time spent for the children.
Unfortunately no long vacations were offered to the boys. Universities would close for 16 days and nights at Xmas and a brief 12 days at Easter, and there have been no summer holiday seasons.
A Tudor course could contain up to as many as 60 pupils! Much of the time was spent learning long passages from textbooks by heart and soul, not only would this keep them noiseless, but it would also save currency on buying books. The main content Tudor classes learnt were: Latin, Arithmetic, Divinity (religious Review), and English literature.
Pupils would have to do writing with quill pens created from feathers, which would have to be sharpened frequently to make it work.
Teachers were extremely tight with tolerance of the guys. They might often beat the children with birches if they did wrong. A birch is specially designed type of cane used to inflict a great deal of pain. It wasn't a good "method" as some pupils would be too worried to attend school as a result of beatings. Professors used to provide 50 strokes of the birch. But for wealthy pupils they could manage a "whipping guy" and whenever the wealthy pupil got in trouble, the "whipping guy" would have the consequence.
For school athletics, it was a custom to bring money on Shrove Tuesday. Where then the schoolmaster would buy a fighting cock and tie it to a post. The overall game was that the males where to take turns throwing sticks at the dick. If a son hit the dick, it was his. If everyone hit the dick it belonged to the institution master.
Open sewers ran through the pavements and transported many diseases
Toilets were only a gap in the bottom outside the owner's backside door.
Water originated from village pushes, which supposed that water was extracted from a local river, and that river would be full of filth from the city.
Country people developed their own drugs for an inexpensive price, using herbal selections. But would you realise that you will be buying from somebody who didn't know the value of cleansing their hands when handling your drugs.
The Tudors didn't realize that plagues were carried by fleas, which makes it harder to produce cures.
People who travelled across certain specific areas transported different diseases that could propagate to others and so on, causing a pandemic.
The roadways and villages weren't so well looked after. Homeless people would sleep on the roadways; people would get rid with their garbage in unhygienic ways. Littering on the streets was also a problem.
Headache; drink a mixture of lavender, bay, rue, roses, sage and marjoram. Or press a hangman's rope to your head
Bad chest; consume a variety of the herbs thyme, campanula and hyssop.
Rheumatism; wear the skin of any donkey
Gout (enlarged foot); record a red haired dog and boil it in oil, also add worms, pigs marrow and natural herbs. Make it a combination and place it on the influenced area of the foot
Deafness; make a mixture of the gall of the hare and the grease of any fox, then apply in the hearing.
Baldness; shave the head and smear with the grease of any fox. Or rinse the top with a mixture of drink beetles. Or, crush garlic and gently rub it in the top and rinse in vinegar.
Plague; place the natural herb, rue alongside your windowsill.
Small pox; hang red curtains around the bed of the individual; seemingly the red light is the cure. Or melt away leather which produces smoke to kill off the plague.
Head lice; pour the liquid cigarette juice onto your scalp
Jaundice (bad liver organ); carefully swallow nine lice dipped in ale, continue this every morning for a week.
Tudor women, men and children in Great britain drank ale, sherry, mead and cider and milk. It is because the water was not capable of being consumed unless boiled, only very poor Tudors would drink drinking water.
Common vegetables in the Tudor period were cabbages, onions, cauliflower, cucumbers, leeks, lettuce, spinach and turnips. The vegetables Brussels sprouts and broccoli were rare in the Tudor period.
Common fruits were apples, strawberries, pears, plums, blackberries, melons, raspberries and lemons.
It was thought that fruit was not good for you in the 16th century. So the rich ate conserved fruits like apple tarts. The indegent could not find the money for preserved fruits.
On certain days by law, Tudors had to eat fish rather than meat. This was made because of religious reasons, but in the Elizabethan time, it was to support the sportfishing industry as well.
Poor Tudors experienced a dreary and harmful diet. They would only have a cooked meal once a day. Consisting of strips of beef or fruit and vegetables (if they could manage) also bakery, cheese and perhaps onions. This would give them very little energy for their day and make them extremely famished. Their main source of food was breads. http://3. bp. blogspot. com/_1FdJyHYd7q4/TGGP1QiafBI/AAAAAAAABqY/kCmUBWdhowE/s1600/Tudor-seamen%27s-meal. jpg
A setting of just what a rich Tudor would eatThe abundant Tudors could buy or hunt a range of meats. And they could buy exceptional fruits & vegetables as well. The wealthy would eat enough meat, however, not enough vegetables. That they had an harmful diet.
Many Tudors used spices. Most of the food was heavily salted. In addition, it could disguise the actual fact of rotten beef. The spices include cinnamon, cloves, sodium, garlic clove, vinegar and glucose.
Sugar was a rare luxury; incredibly it was also applied to meats. It sweetened foods and even disguised some which were rotten.
During Easter, hot mix buns were made, but not always eaten as they were considered and retained as lucky charms instead.
During Holiday, Tudors enjoyed having mince pies. The pies experienced a great value as that they had ingredients that represented Jesus Christ. Which were raisins, currants, prunes, cloves, mace, black pepper, saffron and a few others.
End of the Tudors:
Elizabeth (the previous of the Tudor brand) perished at age 69, in 24th march, 1603. After her loss of life, many started out to reveal one of England's most significant durations. The "Tudor period", long lasting 118 years that modified the lives of the English people.
http://www. woodlands-junior. kent. sch. uk/Homework/tudors/images/march/life. jpg
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