The Need Deficiencies Of Project Failures IT Essay

For any job gathering the requirements is the basic and key step which defines what the project is meant to do. Requirements give the information on which the system design is situated. If certain requirements gathered are wrong or incomplete this will lead to the failing of the job. Requirements deficiencies may occur due to numerous reasons, difficulty in prioritizing, natural conflicts appealing. While gathering the requirements for a project we need to estimate the expense of the project, scope of the project, reliability, etc. The law suggests that the imperfect or wrong definition of requirements is the major cause for the task failure.


A software company, Virtusa released software for its client Phase In advance but within few days the software didn't worked according to the requirement of the clients and the software had to undergo inspection, the result was the failure in providing the complete requirements by the client. At last the software was a failure credited to requirements deficiencies.

Boehm's first law

"Mistakes are most frequent during the requirements and design activities and will be the more expensive the later they may be removed. "

There a wide range of problems in requirements meaning stage and design level; mistakes in design stage are less serious than in requirements level. The builder of the project should know the precise reason for the task and identify the mistakes in the earlier stage of the project development otherwise the removing these problems in later level would be costly as the time of the task increase the bills of the folks based the project increases. And it requires the team to additional time to eliminate these errors later on.


Mentor Images Company released a software application with over 300 pests in it. The expected deadline for the program was almost impossible to achieve with all the current bugs in it. The business had to employ more software designers to remove the problems from the program which increased the cost of the project which was much higher than projected.

Boehm's second law

"Prototyping (significantly) reduces requirement and design errors, especially for user interfaces. "

Prototyping helps the user to see how the completed project seems. Prototyping of your task helps identify and reduce the mistakes in the job. Prototyping also reduces the difference between information and execution. Prototyping of the job keeps an improved understanding between your development team and the client. Depending upon an individual requirements and the changes to the assignments different prototype can be built.


Davis' law

"The worthiness of the model will depend on the view considered, but none is best for those purposes. "

A model can be used to represent something. A model can be looked at for different aspects such as data, process, status transition, composition and behavior. The need for the model is the way it is looked at. Model are used for looking at the consistency however, not performed. A model can answers many questions that a actual project would face in real life.


Ford motors create a genuine life size model of it vehicles out of clay to observe the appearance and feel it gives. In addition, it helps the engineers to collect the info about the aerodynamics of the automobile and the changes can be produced by watching the model before creating a real one.

Your first task is to spell it out each software development methodology plainly and completely within your own words. You might use diagrams, samples or UML to help you do this.

Waterfall Model:

Waterfall model is the typical life pattern tool for the program designers. The waterfall model calls for a organized sequential method of the program development that start at the system research level and moves through evaluation, design, coding, examining and maintenance. The waterfall model undergoes the next activities:

System engineering and analysis.

Software requirements research.






System engineering





In the waterfall model we have to proceed through one phase to another phase when certain requirements of one stage are met. For example if certain requirements of the design period are complete then we move to coding stage, if the requirements in this period aren't complete then we will be caught up in coding stage until the requirements of the phase are found. There are benefits and drawbacks in the waterfall model.

Real time projects rarely follow the sequential move of the waterfall model as it is problematic for the customer to provide all certain requirements at the same time. Waterfall model is only suitable for assignments in which the requirements are given explicitly.

Agile Methodology:

Using an agile methodology the job is break down into small sections or duties. Each task is performed in a single week to four weeks. Each task goes through the complete development circuit i. e necessity analysis, planning, coding and testing. After each task is completed an operating prototype is proven to the client, the client may then have some more requirements which they did not point out initially to be put into the project that can be added within the next iteration. In this way there will be very less bugs when the software is released by the end.

An agile team includes 5-9 persons, where the individuals are software creators, testers, etc. . . By having a tiny team it is easy for the team to communicate with one another. An agile team prefer to meet the customer face to face rather than by having requirements in some recoverable format when the team and customer are in same location or by training video conferring when the client is overseas. The main goal of an agile strategy is to build up the product with less errors and complete functionality with confirmed time.

Using the first four laws of the written text, show where these are either implemented or lacking in each software development technique (Total Two). When a law is lacking, explain the consequences and suggest how the process might be increased.

Waterfall model with Glass' Law

"Necessity deficiencies are the prime way to obtain job failures. "

According to wine glass laws insufficient requirements is the major cause for task failures. So relating to glass rules the requirements for a job should be obviously defined so the project is done successfully. In a very waterfall model each period should be completely meet the needs of that phase so as to go to next phase. Therefore in the necessity analysis period in waterfall model should be completely satisfied so the wine glass law is applicable in waterfall model.

Waterfall model with Boehm's First Law

"Errors are most typical during the requirements and design activities and will be the more expensive the later they are removed. "

According to Boehm's first legislations identifying the errors in the later stage of the task is more expensive to remove them. So the problems should be determined in the earlier level of the job. Boehm's first legislation does apply in waterfall model as with the waterfall model is more reliable and the final product of the job is good. In waterfall model we go in one phase to some other so to improve the errors we need to come back and begin from the beginning which would become more costly in doing it.

Waterfall model with Boehm's Second Law

"Prototyping (significantly) reduces requirement and design errors, especially for individual interfaces. "

Boehm's second law claims that prototyping the task reduces the necessity and design errors. So the project must have a prototype and a good interface which helps us to lessen the necessity and design problems. Inside the Waterfall model prototypes is highly recommended whenever we are defining the requirements so that people can use these prototypes to identify the errors in the last stage.

Waterfall model with Davis Law

"The value of the model is determined by the view taken, but none is most beneficial for those purposes. "

According to the Davis legislation the value of the model only can be dependant on the view considered, but nothing of the view can gratify all the purposes of the task. So there is no model which can satisfy all the reason in a single view so waterfall model is can't be put in place using the Davis rules.

Agile technique with A glass Law

"Necessity deficiencies will be the prime way to obtain project failures"

According to the A glass legislations insufficient requirements is the major cause for the failing of the assignments. In the Agile methodology the requirements are defined in the last stage and can be identified whenever they are required so there is no issue of inadequate requirements in the Agile methodology which means Agile methodology can be integrated using the glass law.

Agile methodology with Boehm's First Law

"Errors are most typical during the requirements and design activities and will be the more expensive the later they are really removed"

According to Boehm's first legislations removing the problems in the later level of the task is more costly then to recognize them in the last stage and remove them. Inside the Agile methodology the mistakes can be determined when they occur and can be removed as they happen, so there will not be any mistakes later. But if they occur it would be costly to remove them later. Therefore Boehm's first legislation is applicable with the spiral model.

Agile methodology with Boehm's Second Law

"Prototyping (significantly) reduces requirement and design errors, especially for individual interfaces. "

According to the Boehm's second law prototyping of the project reduces the problems. In Agile strategy we develop prototypes for every single and every process as the task develops so as to reduce the errors. Therefore, Boehm's second laws in applicable for Agile methodology.

Agile technique with Davis' Law

"The worthiness of an model will depend on the view taken, but none is best for any purposes"

According to the Davis legislations the value of the project is determined by the view taken, but none of them of the views can be best suited for everyone purposes. Different views of the project satisfy different purposes of the project. Therefore Agile technique or any model is not appropriate with the Davis law.

For each software development strategy, give an example of a task which it would be well suited for and the one that it might be improper for (Total Two projects for every software development technique).

Waterfall Model

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