Anti-Corruption, Countering illegal migration, Expanding international...

Anti-Corruption

This is the most important area of ​​activity of law enforcement bodies (police) for ensuring public security.

Federal Law No. 273-FZ of December 25, 2008 "On Counteracting Corruption" (Article 1) proposes the following definitions:

corruption is: a) abuse of office, giving a bribe, taking bribes, abuse of authority, commercial bribery or other unlawful use by an individual of his or her official position, contrary to the legitimate interests of society and the state, in order to obtain benefits in the form of money, valuables, other property or services of a property nature, other property rights for themselves or for third parties, or unlawful provision of such benefit to the said person by other individuals; b) committing said acts on behalf of or in the interests of a legal entity;

anti-corruption - the activities of federal government bodies, state authorities of the United States, local governments, civil society institutions, organizations and individuals within their authority: a) to prevent corruption, including number of the identification and subsequent elimination of the causes of corruption (prevention of corruption); b) to identify, prevent, curb, disclose and investigate corruption offenses (combating corruption); c) to minimize and (or) eliminate the consequences of corruption offenses.

In accordance with Art. 7 of the said Federal Law, the main areas of activity of state bodies to improve the effectiveness of countering corruption are:

• implementation of a unified state policy in the field of combating corruption;

• creating a mechanism for interaction between law enforcement and other state bodies with public and parliamentary commissions on anti-corruption issues, as well as with citizens and institutions of civil society;

• Adoption of legislative, administrative and other measures aimed at attracting state and municipal employees, as well as citizens, to participate more actively in combating corruption, and to form a negative attitude towards corruption in society;

• Improvement of the system and structure of state bodies, creation of mechanisms for public control over their activities

• Introduction of anti-corruption standards, i.e. Establishment of a single system of prohibitions, restrictions and permissions to prevent corruption in this area for the relevant field of activity;

• Unification of the rights of state and municipal employees, persons who replace US public offices, public offices of US subjects, the posts of heads of municipalities, municipal offices, as well as restrictions, prohibitions and duties for specified employees and persons;

• Ensuring citizens' access to information on the activities of federal bodies of state power, state authorities of the United States and local governments;

• ensuring the independence of the media;

• Strict adherence to the principles of independence of judges and non-interference in judicial activities

• Improving the organization of the activities of law enforcement and controlling bodies to counter corruption;

• Improvement of the procedure for passing the state and municipal service;

• Ensuring good faith, openness, fair competition and objectivity in the procurement of goods, works, services to ensure state or municipal needs;

• elimination of unjustified prohibitions and restrictions, especially in the field of economic activity;

• Improving the use of state and municipal property, state and municipal resources (including the provision of state and municipal assistance), as well as the transfer of rights to use such property and its alienation;

• increase of the level of remuneration of labor and social security of state and municipal employees;

• Strengthening of international cooperation and development of effective forms of cooperation with law enforcement agencies and special services, with financial intelligence units and other competent bodies of foreign states and international organizations in the field of combating corruption and tracing, confiscating and repatriating property obtained corruptly and located abroad;

• strengthening control over the resolution of issues contained in appeals of citizens and legal entities;

• Transfer of a part of the functions of state bodies to self-regulating organizations, as well as to other non-governmental organizations;

• Reducing the number of state and municipal employees with simultaneous attraction of qualified specialists to the state and municipal service;

• Increase the responsibility of federal government bodies, state authorities of the United States, local governments and their officials for not taking measures to eliminate the causes of corruption;

• Optimization and concretization of powers of state bodies and their employees, which should be reflected in administrative and job regulations.

Protection of the population from natural and man-made emergency situations. The activities of the internal affairs bodies (police) in this area are aimed at preventing the emergence and development of emergencies, reducing the amount of damage and losses from them, eliminating emergencies, as well as carrying out measures for supervision and control in the field of civil defense, protection of the population against emergency situations of natural and man-made nature, ensuring fire safety and safety of people on water objects.

Countering illegal migration

The activities of law enforcement bodies (police) in this area within the framework of the competence given:

• to improve inter-agency cooperation, including the exchange of information at the domestic level, as well as

interaction with the competent authorities of foreign states on combating illegal migration;

• the formation of an automated system for issuing and issuing migration cards with the simultaneous introduction of information contained in them, into the state information system of migration accounting;

• Development of infrastructure for administrative deportation outside the US territory, deportation, as well as the readmission procedure;

• Improvement of information and explanatory work with citizens and employers in order to prevent violations of the migration legislation of the United States;

• Improving the interaction of public security forces with public associations, national diasporas in the field of crime prevention based on social, racial, ethnic or religious discord;

• Development of mechanisms for public control over the investigation of crimes, public monitoring, independent expertise in order to prevent the growth of xenophobia, social, racial, ethnic or religious discord.

Expanding international cooperation in law enforcement

In this area, the internal affairs agencies (police):

• develop the cooperation of the United States with foreign states and international organizations in the areas of extradition, legal assistance in civil, administrative and criminal matters, as well as search, seizure, confiscation and return of property obtained illegally;

• Strengthen the interaction of public security forces with special services, law enforcement agencies of foreign states and international organizations on combating illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, terrorism, extremism, as well as in combating corruption and transnational organized crime, including exchange operational and technical information, special technical and other means;

• Exchange with foreign countries best practices in the field of public security, etc.

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