Correctional labor law., Criminal procedure law...

Corrective labor law.

In 1969, the Fundamentals of Correctional Labor Law of the USSR and Union Republics were adopted. On their basis, republican codes were adopted. In the RSFSR, the Corrective Labor Code was adopted on December 18, 1970.

Soviet correctional labor legislation was based on the fact that the execution of punishment is not intended to cause physical suffering or humiliation of human dignity, but serves the purposes of correcting and re-educating criminals, helping to eradicate crime.

Legislation enshrined three types of correctional labor institutions: correctional labor colonies, prisons and educational and labor colonies. In the latter, juveniles under the age of 18 were serving their sentence.

Correctional labor colonies could be general, reinforced, strict and special regimes; there were also colonies-settlements. In prisons, two types of regime were established: general and strict. Educational-labor colonies were divided into colonies of general and strengthened regimes.

The correctional labor code regulated and the execution of other types of punishment: conditional condemnation to imprisonment with mandatory involvement in labor, reference, correctional labor, expulsion.

The decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the RSFSR of July 16, 1984 approved the Regulations on the procedure and conditions for the execution in the RSFSR of criminal penalties not related to the measures of correctional labor for convicts, which regulated the procedure and conditions for the execution of sentences in the form of deprivation of the right to occupy certain posts or engage in certain activities, fine, dismissal, assignment of duty to make amends, public censure, property confiscation, deprivation of military or special Foot titles. The judicial executors were engaged in the execution (control) of punishment in the form of a fine, dismissal from office, public censure, confiscation of property, imposition of the obligation to redress the damage done.

Criminal Procedure Law.

The Soviet criminal procedural law of this period develops along the path of strengthening the legal guarantees established by law to protect the legitimate interests and rights of Soviet citizens.

So, the defender in the criminal trial was allowed to participate in the case from the moment of announcing to the accused about the end of the preliminary investigation and presenting him for acquaintance of the entire proceedings in the case. According to the decision of the prosecutor, the defender could be admitted to the case from the moment of the charge. The law provided for other cases where the defense counsel was allowed to participate in the case from the moment of the charge (for example, on cases of minors).

There were special provisions on the removal of a specialist and a lawyer involved in the criminal process. Thus, Art. 671 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the RSFSR, introduced by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR on August 8, 1983, indicated that a lawyer who had previously rendered legal assistance to a person whose interests contradicted the interests of the person requesting the conduct of the case had no right to participate in the case as defender.

The Criminal Procedure Code of the RSFSR clearly established the terms of detention of persons detained in custody in places where detainees were held (not more than three days). If their delivery to the detention center was not possible, the period increased to 30 days.

The law clearly regulated the participation in the investigative actions of a specialist called on the initiative of an investigator.

thematic pictures

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)