PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN THE ADMINISTRATIVE POLITICAL SPHERE...

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN THE ADMINISTRATIVE POLITICAL SPHERE

As a result of studying section VII, the student must:

know

• US security system, forces and means of its provision, system of organizational and legal measures;

• The system of special bodies that facilitate its implementation, their role and normative legal acts, which are the basis of such activity;

• features of the service in these bodies;

be able to

own skills

• the application of the main provisions of the regulatory framework on the safety of human life, society and the state, as well as independent study of administrative legislation in the field of public order and public safety.

STATE MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTION AND PROTECTION OF THE SECURITY OF THE PERSON, SOCIETY AND STATE

Federal Law No. 390-Φ3 of December 28, 2010, "On Safety determines the basic principles and content of activities to ensure the security of the state, public security, environmental security, personal security, other types of security provided by US law, the powers and functions of federal government bodies, state authorities of the United States, local governments in the field of security, and also the status of the US Security Council.

Security is the state of protection of the vital interests of the individual, society and the state against internal and external threats, which is ensured and achieved by implementing a unified state policy in the field of security, measures of a political, economic, organizational and other nature adequate to threats to the vital interests of the individual, society and the state. According to Art. 2 of the Security Act, the basic principles of security are:

1) observance and protection of human and citizen's rights and freedoms;

2) legality;

3) the systematic and comprehensive application of political, organizational, socio-economic, information, legal and other security measures by the federal bodies of state power, state authorities of the US subjects, other state bodies, local government bodies;

4) priority of precautionary measures for security purposes;

5) the interaction of federal bodies of state power, state authorities of US entities, other state bodies with public associations, international organizations and citizens for the purpose of ensuring security.

To main security objects is customary: person - her rights and freedoms; society - its material and spiritual values; the state is its constitutional system, sovereignty and territorial integrity. The real and potential threat to security objects, originating from internal and external sources of danger, determines the content of activities to ensure internal and external security.

The current legislation provides for many types of security. Thus, the US Constitution contains legal grounds for highlighting public security and state security. Many federal laws, decrees of the President of the USA and the decisions of the US Government name and regulate the legal grounds, conditions and procedure for state organization of providing various types of security: industrial safety, safety of hydraulic structures, fire safety, road safety, economic security and many other types of security, among The main integrated type of security - national security, the most important interconnected elements of which are economic and information security, since economic and information processes accompany and mediate all spheres and branches of public administration in a broad and narrow, strictly organizational sense. Adopted by Presidential Decree No. 537 of May 12, 2009, the National Security Strategy of the United States until 2020 is the basic document for planning the development of the US national security system, which sets out the procedures and measures for ensuring national security.

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