Roles And Duties Of COPS Law Essay

The role of police officers list a variety of responsibilities related to the safeness and welfare of everyone. Police officers are highly trained and specialized in reacting to emergency situations and events that regular people are not equipped to deal with. Cops are been trained in their well known field as first responders to specific crisis circumstances. Relating to Crime Picture Forensics the basic requirements as a first responder includes

"Note enough time that you 1. ) Were dispatched, 2. ) Arrived, 3. ) Called for supervisory or special employees to the world, 4. ) Record the labels and contact numbers for anybody present at the arena upon your arrival. Then you will rope off an extremely large area around the world, keep everyone out and again, and ensure that only certified individuals are allowed inside the criminal offenses picture. Second, you will establish a crime picture attendance log and keep maintaining until the scene is released. This log will include the name of each person coming into the landscape, the night out and time of each person entered, the reason for each and every person going into, and the night out and time of each person exiting the world. The crime scene should be secured from any individuals or vehicular traffic, family pets, and no-one should use any toilets or telephones within the offense scene".

These are only the basic necessity upon first responding to the crime picture. These steps were proven so that officers can not only record actual details such as time and persons at the field of the criminal offense, but also to ensure that nobody enters the criminal offenses scene except for trained personnel that will maintain that the evidence does not become decontaminated. You may still find many other criteria to be conducted and looked into after this basic necessity has been attained. Once the original crime scene has been identified and a perimeter has been proven a more complete inspection will entail. As stated by Byrd (2000) more specific criteria will include

"Physical information at a offense scene can be split into 2 areas: testimonial and physical proof. The testimonial proof would be any witnessed accounts of any event. The physical facts would refer to any material items which would be there on the criminal offense scene. Research at a scene for the exploration: may establish that a criminal offense was committed, set up any key elements of a criminal offense, link a suspect with a world or victim, set up the identity of the victim or suspect, corroborate verbal see testimony, exonerate the innocent"(p. 1).

A police officer may perform the investigation or it may require a offense scene investigator with more particular training. This can vary depending after the landscape being looked into and identifying whether more experience or a specialist is required. Whoever conducts this analysis will follow a step specific process. As explained by Byrd (2000) the analysis will meet certain conditions

"Within an organized method of crime landscape investigations there are three basic and simple phases in properly finalizing the crime arena. These stages contain Scene Recognition, Field Documentation, and Data Collection. An prepared way is a sequence of established standard protocol and duties. An organized methodology assures: a thorough and legal search is conducted, expeditious handling without bargain, proper scene paperwork, proper methods of technique for research recovery, all important evidence restoration, proper handling and presentation, proper distribution factors for evidence analysis, and proper safety safeguards are followed"(p. 2).

During these phases there are specific tools and techniques crime arena investigators use. Within this technique there are specific types of information accumulated and specific means utilised for the correct collection. A short explanation of the techniques as proposed by Byrd (2000) would include

"Scene Acknowledgement is the breakthrough of proof within the original search of the landscape. The search can be defined as the planned and legal study of the crime picture to locate items of data to the offense under inspection. In scene paperwork an organized approach for processing the crime arena where all functions have to correspond and be constant in depicting the crime scene. Within the scene documentation stage there are three steps to properly document the crime scene: written notes and reports, images, and sketching. Accounts should be done in a chronological order and really should include no ideas, no evaluation, no conclusions, and the reality. The photographs should be studied as soon as possible, to depict the scene as it was initially observed. The photographs allow a visible permanent record of the offense scene and items of collection. Sketches are being used along with the reports and photos to file the landscape. The sketch effectively shows the appearance of a criminal offenses, the position, and romance of items. The data collection in criminal offense scene processing is the methods, techniques, and types of procedures used in retrieving evidence"(p. 2).

With an improved knowledge of all the steps taken in a proper criminal offenses picture investigation the audience can appreciate that this process is very specific and that many steps are taken to allow that data is collected in the best manner relevant.

Police Officers Role as Real truth Seekers

Prior to starting a job as a officer they are really sworn in. During this ceremony cops swear under oath to uphold and enforce the law in a truthful manner. Like a officer, it is expected that they can be honest in all their job responsibilities. Police officers and crime world investigators offer an implied responsibility within the realms with their job position to be truth seekers. The need for police integrity is stated by Spector (2011) that
"Every person involved in the legal justice system relies on police credibility

-Under the use of the collective knowledge doctrine, police officers count on the validity of information provided to them by fellow officials.

-Supervisors render decisions predicated on information received from officers.

-According to the tenets of community policing, people are urged to communicate and cooperate with law enforcement officials. If indeed they trust and value police officers, the ability to garner their support is only going to be increased.

-Prosecutors depend on honest reports, claims, and affidavits when prosecuting crooks.

-Judges count on honesty in analyzing warrants.

-Jurors determine guilt or innocence and often liability predicated on an officers analysis and testimony"(p. 1).

It is impossible for humans to not make problems and sooner or later in their life everyone says a rest. However, as a officer, one is presented to a certain specifications that they will be fact seekers when performing their work. Alas, there were officers who've told lies in the past and this has played a job in cops sacrificing creditability with everyone. For the officers who are trapped being dishonest in their job obligations there are serious ramifications. As suggested by Spector (2011): "The ultimate way to encourage integrity is to have a clear code of do stating that officials who are untruthful will be at the mercy of termination for an initial offense and also to apply this code standard in a regular manner"(p. 2). When reacting as a first responder or a offense scene investigator it is critical that police officers always act as fact seekers. Upon regularly performing as a fact seeker it assures that the evidence collected is correct, and further assures that in a trial the truthful research accumulated will ensure that the guilty or innocent party be recognized and treated consequently.

The Fourth Amendment as it applies to a Proper Investigation

The Fourth Amendment was set up to protect people from unreasonable searches or seizures on the person, property, and personal results. There are certain criteria that must definitely be found for a search or seizure to be legal under the Fourth Amendment. As explained by Reynolds (2010)

"The idea of probable cause is the legal device that protects Us citizens from unreasonable search and seizure. Law enforcement officials without "a reasonable belief a person has devoted a criminal offenses" might not exactly get yourself a warrant. A law enforcement official needs a rational suspicion a felony has been committed to legally get yourself a warrant. This rational suspicion is referred to as possible cause. The Fourth Amendment will not make people immune system to illegal searches or arrest. Many unlawful searches and seizures take place in america. However, criminal evidence obtained illegally may be found unsuitable for use in a court. This data may be nullified by the exclusionary rule. Also data can be suppressed if it has been considered inadmissible to the court"(p. 1).

According to Crawford (1999)

"Crime scenes are given no special considerations under the Fourth Amendment. To obtain a valid search warrant, officials must meet two critical requirements of the Fourth Amendment: 1) build possible cause 2) particularly describe the data. Crime moments are unique in that their very presence establishes the possible cause necessary to obtain a search warrant. The actual fact that a criminal offense has been dedicated gives officers the reason to assume that proof the criminal offense will be located on the scene"(p. 1).

When an official is performing as a first responder or executing a crime scene search it important that they act under the Fourth Amendment. When officers or investigators go beyond your rules set forth by the Fourth Amendment, they may be operating illegally and the data will not be considered in courtroom.


In conclusion you can know how important it is to know the role of police officers as first responders, how police officers and crime field investigators act as truth seekers, the steps involved with crime scene inspection from the initial response to collection of evidence, the importance of the Fourth Amendment in doing a legal search and seizure, and how all these aspects affect the final outcome. Each aspect is evenly important, of course, if criminal justice officers maintain all aspects properly and lawfully then justice has been offered.

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