The US government is the highest executive authority of the United States
The US government exercises executive power in the United States. The status of the US Government is defined in the provisions of Ch. 1 and 6 of the Constitution, the Law on the Government of the United States. It is a collegial body that leads a unified system of executive power in the United States. The US government in its activities is guided by the principles of the supremacy of the Constitution, federal constitutional laws and federal laws, the principles of democracy, federalism, separation of powers, responsibility, publicity and ensuring human and citizen rights and freedoms.
The US government consists of members of the Government - the Chairman of the Government, Deputy Prime Minister and federal ministers.
The Government is headed by the Prime Minister, who determines, in accordance with the Constitution, federal constitutional laws, federal laws and decrees of the US President, the main directions of the Government's activities and organizes its work. The Chairman of the United States Government has seven deputies, including one First Deputy Chairman and a Vice-Chairman - Chief of Staff of the US Government.
The Chairman of the US Government is appointed by the US President with the consent of the State Duma. The proposal on the candidacy of the Chairman of the Government shall be submitted no later than two weeks after the assumption of the post of the newly elected President of the United States, or after the resignation of the Government, or within a week from the date of rejection of the candidacy by the State Duma. The State Duma considers the candidacy of the Chairman of the Government submitted by the President within a week from the date of submission of the proposal for candidacy. After three times rejecting the candidatures of the Chairman of the Government, the State Duma appoints the Chairman of the Government, dissolves the State Duma and appoints new elections.
The Chairman of the US Government is dismissed by the President of the United States in the following cases:
according to the statement of the Prime Minister on resignation; in the event that the Chairman of the Government can not exercise his powers.
The President notifies the Federation Council and the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the dismissal of the Chairman of the Government on the day of the decision. The dismissal of the Chairman of the US Government at the same time entails the resignation of the US Government.
The Chairman of the US Government performs the following functions:
represents the Government in the United States and outside the territory of the United States;
holds meetings of the Government, having the right to a decisive vote;
signs acts of the Government;
submits proposals to the President on the system and structure of federal executive bodies, on the appointment and dismissal of Deputy Prime Ministers and federal ministers, on imposing disciplinary sanctions on them and on their encouragement;
distributes responsibilities between the deputies of the Prime Minister.
The Prime Minister regularly informs the President about the work of the Government.The government, within its powers, organizes the implementation of the Constitution, federal constitutional laws, federal laws, decrees of the US President, international treaties of the United States, exercises systematic control over their execution by federal executive bodies and executive authorities of the United States, takes measures to eliminate violations of legislation USA.
The government directs the work of federal ministries and other federal executive bodies, allocates their functions and controls their activities. Federal ministries and other federal executive bodies are subordinate to the Government and are responsible to it for the performance of assigned tasks. The government approves the provisions on federal ministries and other federal executive bodies administered by the government, establishes the maximum number of employees of their vehicles and the amount of appropriations for the maintenance of these devices within the limits provided for these purposes in the federal budget.
The government establishes the procedure for the creation and operation of territorial bodies of federal executive bodies, determines the amount of appropriations for the maintenance of their vehicles within the limits provided for these purposes in the federal budget. It appoints and dismisses deputy federal ministers, heads of federal executive bodies that are not federal ministers, and their deputies, heads of bodies and organizations under the Government, and approves members of the collegia of federal ministries and other federal executive bodies. The government also has the right to revoke acts of federal executive bodies or to suspend the operation of these acts.
The government has the right to establish organizations, to form coordinating, advisory bodies, as well as bodies under the Government.
The government exercises the following general powers:
organizes the implementation of domestic and foreign policy of the United States;
carries out regulation in the social and economic sphere;
ensures the unity of the executive power system in the United States, directs and controls the activities of its bodies;
forms federal targeted programs and ensures their implementation;
implements the right of legislative initiative granted to him.
The government also exercises powers in various spheres of public life.
In the sphere of economy:
in accordance with the Constitution, federal constitutional laws, federal laws, regulatory decrees of the President regulating economic processes;
ensures the unity of economic space and freedom of economic activity, free movement of goods, services and financial resources;
predicts the socio-economic development of the United States, develops and implements programs to develop priority sectors of the economy;
develops the state structural and investment policy and takes measures to implement it;
Manages federal property;
develops and implements the state policy in the sphere of international economic, financial, investment cooperation;
exercises general management of the customs business; takes measures to protect the interests of domestic producers of goods, performers of works and services;
forms a mobilization plan for the US economy, ensures the functioning of US defense production.
In the sphere of budgetary, financial, credit and monetary policy:
provides for the conduct of a unified financial, credit and monetary policy;
develops and submits to the State Duma the federal budget and ensures its execution;
submits to the State Duma a report on the execution of the federal budget;
develops and implements the tax policy; ensures the improvement of the budgetary system; It takes measures to regulate the securities market; Manages the state internal and external debt of the United States;
exercises currency regulation and currency control in accordance with the Constitution, federal constitutional laws, federal laws, regulatory decrees of the President;
directs monetary and financial activities in the relations of the United States with foreign states;
develops and implements measures to conduct a unified price policy.
In the social sphere:
ensures the implementation of a unified state social policy, the realization of the constitutional rights of citizens in the field of social security, promotes the development of social security and charity; takes measures to implement the labor rights of citizens; develops programs to reduce and eliminate unemployment and ensures the implementation of these programs;
ensures the implementation of a unified state migration policy;
takes measures to implement the rights of citizens to protect their health, to ensure sanitary and epidemiological welfare;
contributes to the solution of family, maternity, paternity and childhood problems, takes measures to implement youth policy;
interacts with public associations and religious organizations;
develops and implements measures for the development of physical culture, sports and tourism, as well as sanatorium and resort.
In the sphere of science, culture, education : develops and implements measures of state support for the development of science;
provides state support for fundamental science, which have national importance of priority areas of applied science;
ensures the implementation of a unified state policy in the field of education, determines the main directions of development and improvement of general and professional education, develops a system of free education;
provides state support of culture and preservation of both the cultural heritage of national importance and the cultural heritage of the peoples of the United States.
In the sphere of nature management and environmental protection :
ensures the implementation of a unified state policy in the field of environmental protection and ensuring environmental safety;
takes measures to realize the rights of citizens to a favorable environment, but to ensure environmental well-being
organizes activities for the protection and rational use of natural resources, regulation of nature management and development of the mineral resource base of the United States;
Coordinates activities to prevent natural disasters, accidents and disasters, reduce their danger and eliminate their consequences.
In the sphere of ensuring law, citizens' rights and freedoms, fighting crime:
participates in the development and implementation of state policy in the field of ensuring the security of the individual, society and the state;
takes measures to ensure the legality, rights and freedoms of citizens, to protect property and public order, to combat crime and other socially dangerous phenomena;
develops and implements measures to strengthen personnel, develop and strengthen the material and technical base of law enforcement agencies;
takes measures to ensure the activities of the judiciary.
In the field of defense and state security:
carries out the necessary measures to ensure the defense and state security of the United States;
organizes equipping with weapons and military equipment, providing material resources, resources and services to the US Armed Forces, other troops and military formations of the United States;
ensures the implementation of state target programs and plans for the development of weapons, as well as programs for training citizens in military registration specialties;
provides social guarantees for servicemen and other persons involved in accordance with federal laws to defend or ensure the state security of the United States;
takes measures to protect the state border of the United States;
manages civil defense.
In the sphere of foreign policy and international relations :
takes measures to ensure the implementation of foreign policy of the United States;
ensures the representation of the United States in foreign states and international organizations;
within the scope of his powers concludes international treaties of the United States, ensures the fulfillment of US obligations under international treaties, and also oversees the fulfillment by other participants of the specified contracts of their obligations;
defends the geopolitical interests of the United States, protects the citizens of the United States outside its territory;
carries out regulation and state control in the sphere of foreign economic activity, in the sphere of international scientific, technical and cultural cooperation.
The government implements its powers through legal acts which are issued on the basis of and in compliance with the Constitution, federal constitutional laws, federal laws, regulatory decrees of the President, issues resolutions and orders. Acts that have a normative character are issued in the form of government decrees. Acts on operational and other current issues that are not normative are issued in the form of orders of the Government.
Decrees and orders of the Government are signed by the Chairman of the Government. The date of the official publication of the resolution or the order of the Government is the date of the first publication of its text in one of the official publications of the United States.
Decrees of the Government, with the exception of resolutions containing information constituting state secrets or confidential information, are to be officially published no later than 15 days from the date of their adoption, and, if necessary, their immediate public disclosure are communicated to the public without delay through the mass media without delay.
Resolutions of the Government that affect the rights, freedoms and duties of a person and citizen, come into force no earlier than the day of their official publication. Other resolutions of the Government come into force from the date of their signing unless the government itself provides for a different procedure for their entry into force. Orders of the Government come into force from the date of their signing. Acts of the Government can be appealed to the court.
The rules for organizing the activities of the Government in the exercise of its powers are established in accordance with the Constitution, the US Government Act, other federal laws and decrees of the President, the Regulations of the US Government (see US Government Resolution No. 260 dated June 1, 2004, "On the Regulations of the Government of the United States Federation and Regulations on the Office of the Government of the United States "). This Regulation, in particular, determines the planning and organization of the work of the Government, the procedure for submitting to the Government and consideration of draft acts, the legislative activity of the Government, the procedure for dealing with citizens' appeals, and a number of other issues.
The activities of the Government and the organization of control over the fulfillment by the executive bodies of the decisions it has taken are provided by the US Government Office which is the state body formed to solve these tasks.
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