"The Wall": novelism, "The roads of freedom", Sartre's playwright...

Wall & quot ;: novelism

The existential attitude of the early Sartre is present in the novelistic collection "The Wall". His characters hate normal life and plunge into the element of lasciviousness. Wife, fenced off with her sick husband from the world, feels the alienation of the closest person. Their room is a place of irresistible loneliness, imprisoned in the same closed space "I" when reason and insanity are in the complex and indissoluble ("Bedroom"). The heroine of the story " Intimacy ", suffering from impotence of impotent husband, rushes into the embrace of her lover Pierre. He seduces her to voyage to the fairy-tale Nice, and in the sleeping car "luxury". But in the end she finds herself in a third-rate hotel and, with disgust, recalling the imaginary male virtues of Pierre, is permeated with a disgust for physical love.

Naturalistic existentialism affects the story & "Herostratus." His hero is obsessed with hatred of people, even their outward appearance. This brings him to the point that he starts randomly shooting at passers-by. The son of an industrialist grows into a rascal. Sartre analyzes the formation of the fascist worldview. In the mockery of the people of Sartre, the fine sex also spares us. In the polemical mockery of the cult of the Beautiful Lady, he endows many of the heroines of his novels with sexual unrestraint in conjunction with some unattractive external features.

Freedom Roads

Sartre also worked in the field of large prosaic forms. In the spirit of the tendency in the French literature for the cyclization of novels (remember Duhamel, Selin, Rolland, Aragon, Moriak, etc.), he writes the trilogy Freedom Roads (1945-1949), the remaining unfinished.

It consists of three parts: "Aged age", "Delay", "Death in the soul." Mathieu's protagonist Delarju, teacher of philosophy, staying in a world of doubt, hesitation, reflection. Only in the last part, which depicts the tragic pictures of defeat in 1940, Delarue shows genuine activity, being in the ranks of partisans, dies, meeting the fire of the advancing fascist column.

In general, the novel spills an existential worldview. It clearly expresses naturalism and physiology, especially in the sphere of love relations of heroes, playing an exceptional role in their destinies. And at the same time, the novelist makes it clear: there is no place in life for illusions, ideals, attachments: love is transient, people are separated from each other by a wall of misunderstanding and psychological incompatibility. And therefore doomed to an inescapable loneliness.

Sartre's playwright: "Flies"

In the legacy of Sartre, dramatic plays a significant role: he saw an effective means of visualizing his ideas. Among them, Flies (1943), Dead without burial (1960), etc. He developed a special genre variety - theater situations. Proceeding from the principle of freedom of choice, Sartre reproduced on the stage such positions when the hero had to make a decision. This principle was embodied in one of his most famous drama "Flies", set in occupied Paris. This is a vivid example of how the ancient plot includes an allegorical meaning, an internal anti-fascist orientation. (A similar technique was considered in the drama of J. Anouille "Antigone" (1944), which represented a variation on the theme of the play of the same name by Sophocles.) It was during the war that Sartre felt his mission - "to write for his era". And the task of the theater is to respond to the pain points of the era.

Sartre in the play Flies He bases the play on the ancient Greek myth of the tragic events connected with the murder of his mother and her lover, who were guilty of the death of his father, strong> This episode is reproduced in the second part ( Hophoras ) of the Aeschylus trilogy Oresteya & quot ;. Sartre handles this plot in the spirit of existential philosophy. Orestes comes to the city of Argos, where his mother Clytemnestra, the murderer of her husband, reigns. The inhabitants of Argos are paralyzed by fear, despondency, immersed in an atmosphere of painful hopelessness. And the reason is this: foul flies settled in the city, spreading diseases and decay. Argos at Sartre, with his hideous fat insects, is a symbol of occupied France, infected with the spirit of defeatism. Arrived in Argos, Orest commits an act of vengeance: killing Clytemnestra and Aegisthus, he pays for them at the cost of the life of the sister of Elektra. Orestes remains a lonely existential hero. But his work brings invaluable benefits to the Argos. Leaving the city, he takes out Argos and disgusting flies.

Critic: Flaubert's book

Among Sartre's literary critical writings, his book is about Flaubert, generally popular with his contemporaries. In it, he explores the nature of the creativity of the author, "Mrs. Bovary" and his writing personality, starting from his own methodology, synthesizing Freudianism, existentialism and Marxism. Sartre proceeded from The main thesis: the uniqueness of Flaubert's world vision and aesthetics was largely determined by the epoch. And among the most important achievements is the artistic study of the inner world of the individual. This is its special significance for the literature of the XX century.

Sartre - a great cultural phenomenon of the XX century. His influence is felt in literature, philosophy, art history. Therefore, his legacy is studied by representatives of various humanitarian specialties. All the most significant of his artistic and philosophical-journalistic works have been translated into United States. The most serious study about him belongs to LG Andreev (Free Consciousness and the Twentieth Century, 1994).

thematic pictures

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)