Local transportation, Provision of vehicles at the disposal...

Local transport

In the vast majority of cases, local transportation is carried out by road. A characteristic technological sign of local transportation is the possibility of completing a complete transport cycle - one turn or a round trip - during a change (day).

The largest role in transport logistics is played by local transportation, which is carried out in the service area of ​​transport terminals or other large cargo-carrying facilities - logistic centers, warehouses, other enterprises connected by constant cargo flows with the senders or recipients of the adjacent region. Such transportation (local cartage, pre-on-canay, last mile carriage) is often the final link in transportation in the supply chain.

Local transportation is a special type of activity with its own principles of organization. They are characterized by a variety of management tasks, the complexity of their theoretical formulation and the variability of operational conditions. "Where supply-and-dispatch begins, supply chain management ends" - this common statement is based on the fact that the delivery and delivery operations are carried out, as a rule, on urban or suburban street-roads networks, where the efficiency of transportation depends largely on external uncontrollable factors.

Provision of vehicles at the disposal of the client

This type of service is available in all modes of transport and is designed primarily for those customers who would like to have at their disposal vehicles, but do not have the appropriate investment opportunities and are not ready to perform the technical operation functions, which also requires investment and hiring of qualified personnel.

The corresponding services vary in a very wide range - from providing a truck with a driver for rent for several hours before leasing a fleet of hundreds of freight cars with the provision of their repair and maintenance, replacing dropping cars, feeding to loading points, etc.

A common feature of this type of service is the lack of obligations of the owner of vehicles for the delivery of goods.

Terminal Services

Separation of terminal business and terminal services occurred in the 1970s and 1980s. in the course of deepening the specialization of transport operators and developing the activities of freight forwarders and logistics providers.

Terminal services can be divided into two main groups:

- services related to cargo: loading and unloading from vehicles and containers, packing and unloading of transport and cargo units, temporary storage in open spaces and warehouses of various types, consolidation and deconsolidation of consignments, packaging, repacking and marking of goods , weighing of cargoes, formation of transport packages, preparation for transportation of large and heavy cargoes, survey services, tallyman services, etc .;

services related to vehicles and equipment: provision of berths, tracks, ramps and various cargo handling equipment for performing cargo operations, weighing cars and wagons, providing parking spaces for vehicles, cleaning and washing vehicles and containers, small repair of transport equipment, etc.

In addition to the above, modern terminal operators can provide other services, including transportation services, for example, in the area of ​​transportation and delivery in the terminal zone.

Additional services (value-added services) are provided by transport operators to improve their competitiveness.

The set of additional services for each transport company is purely individual and depends on the nature of its core business, market position, specific customer requests and other factors.

Additional services can be:

- a kind of basic services of the operator. Thus, a company that performs intercity freight transport can offer, as an additional service, the delivery of fragile or valuable cargo with their transport packaging and escort to the recipient's door;

- an addition to the basic services of the operator, for example, the implementation of the delivery of goods at the terminals of the company that performs rail transportation of consignments.

Some companies apply the concept of additional service to situations in which other operators use surcharges to tariffs or charge penalties from their customers - for example, when vehicles or containers are delayed by the customer in excess of the standard time. This approach should be seen as a manifestation of "positive marketing".

On the sidebar 6.3. the additional services that Maersk Line offers to its customers are shown.

Box 6.3. Additional Services Maersk Line

Maersk Line is included in .4. R. Moller - Maersk Group and is the world's largest sea container carrier, which operates more than 500 vessels and has offices in 125 countries. Here are some additional services the company offers its customers.

Service name

Brief description of the service

Obtaining State Certificates

Organization of the request and receipt of certificates, certificates and other documents issued by public authorities on behalf of the client

Legalization of documents

Implementation of legal procedures to ensure the validity of documents on the territory of other states

Re-registration of transport documents

Issuance of additional copies of transport documents that do not contain redundant (according to the client) information - for example, when transferring the goods to the final recipient

Execution of documents for dangerous goods

Registration in accordance with national and international legal standards of documentation required for the presentation for carriage and delivery of dangerous goods

Transportation of dangerous goods by various modes of transport

Organization of reliable and safe transportation of dangerous goods in accordance with the rules and regulations applicable to various modes of transport

Working with non-standard sludge and specialized containers

Arranging the delivery of goods in containers of non-standard width or length, as well as providing containers specialized for the transport of certain types of goods

Loading/Unloading containers

Stowage and unloading of goods in containers, as well as unloading of goods from containers

Provision of multi-axle semi-trailers

Provision of multi-axle semi-trailers when exporting containers from the port area to ensure compliance with axial load constraints

Delivery of clothes on shoulders

Provision of containers equipped to deliver clothing on shoulders or hangers

Additional transport packaging in a container

Protecting the cargo in a container with a special film that protects the cargo or container from contamination. In the latter case, the client gets rid of the costs of cleaning the container

Initial/final delivery organization

Arranging cargo delivery from the sender's door or to the recipient door

Transportation with temperature control

Provision of containers and advice on organization of cargo transportation under temperature control

Transport with gas control

Provision of containers and advice on the organization of transportation of goods with a controlled composition of the gaseous medium

Redirects in transit

Changing the destination after the transportation has already started

Organization of the route

Delivery of cargo to several recipients with unloading of consignments directly from the container on the route

Organization of passing control

Organization of the passage of various types of state control during export or import (border, customs, sanitary, etc.)

Electronic bill of lading

Transfer through the local offices of the company certified electronic bill of lading, by which the goods can be issued to the recipient

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