Preparatory period (the basic stage of preparation)...

Preparatory period (basic training phase)

During this period, the intake of vitamins continues, although it is advisable to take an 8-10-day break in the course of multivitamin complexes. Well, if the athlete has the opportunity to start taking a new drug. Of vitamins, it is advisable to prescribe cobalamin and a complex of B vitamins, which contributes to the synthesis and prevention of the breakdown of muscle proteins.

In the preparatory period, the appointment of certain drugs that have antioxidant properties - encephalol, ubion, alpha-tocopherol acetate, gamma-lon, lipoic acid, sodium succinate - is recommended. The intake of these drugs promotes the synthesis of ATP in the brain, stimulates the processes of cellular respiration, has an antihypoxic action (which is especially useful in training in mid-mountain conditions), enhances the emotional stability and physical performance of athletes. During the development of physical exertion, the use of drugs that regulate plastic metabolism, that is, stimulating the synthesis of protein in muscle cells, that promote muscle mass, is very useful. To this group of so-called anabolizing drugs are: ecdysthene, mildronate, carnitine chloride and some others.

The preparatory stage of the training cycle is characterized by significant volumes and intensity of training loads. That is why the reception of immunomodulators during this period is a necessary condition for preventing the immune system from disrupting. The most accessible and common in our country are such nonspecific immunomodulators as mummies, honey (honeycomb, preferably in old dark honeycombs), and pollen. The most important condition for their use is their reception on an empty stomach (preferably in the morning).

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At the preparatory stage, the appointment of hematoprotectors is recommended, in the presence of medical indications, it is advisable to use riboxin (inosine), solcoseryl (actovegin) (i.e., drugs used for the prevention and treatment of liver overstrain and myocardial hypertension, respectively). The direction of the diet during this period is protein-carbon. The food should contain a sufficient amount of high-grade protein (meat, fish, cottage cheese, cheese, legumes), vitamins and trace elements. The amount of protein taken in addition to incoming food should not exceed 40-50 g (in terms of pure protein).

Pre-competition training period

This period is marked by a significant reduction in the number of pharmacological agents used. It is recommended to reduce the intake of multivitamins to 1-2 tablets or dragees per day (if possible, it is better to change the drug used). From vitamins and coenzymes, it is advisable to prescribe cobalamin (to prevent muscle mass loss) and cocarboxylase (to regulate the metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids) and vitamin C. At the beginning of the pre-competition period, drugs such as ecdysthene, mildronate, carnitine chloride, sodium succinate and others, although the dosage should not exceed 1/2 of the preparatory period. For 5-7 days before the competition, these drugs must be canceled.

In the second half of the pre-competition period (8-10 days before the start), it is recommended to take adaptogens and energetically saturated preparations (ATP, phosphobion, creatine phosphate, phosphadene, neoton, etc.). If adaptogens contribute to the acceleration of adaptation processes to changing environmental conditions (because competitions, as a rule, take place on exit from the country, republic, city, etc.) and accelerate recovery processes, then energy-saturated products and preparations allow creating an energy depot, promote the synthesis of ATP and improve muscle contractility. In the pre-competition period, the prerequisite is the appointment of immunomodulating drugs. The orientation of the diet during this period of preparation is predominantly carbohydrate, with the most appropriate consumption of fructose. American doctors recommend the following method of carbohydrate saturation for athletes specializing in sports with a predominant endurance manifestation: 10-12 days before the start, they begin to reduce carbohydrate intake with food and by the 5th day bring their consumption to a minimum. Then gradually increase the intake of carbohydrates (preferably fructose) to the maximum on the day of the start. With regard to the peculiarities of pharmaceutical provision of girls, they are recommended to take ferroplex, conferon or other iron-containing preparations throughout the menstrual cycle. Quite often it happens that the day of the main start falls on the days of menstruation. Several delay the term of its onset (for 2-3 days) may take ascorutin 1 tablet 3 times a day for 10-14 days before the competition.

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