Bio-Medical Style of Health: History, Review and Analysis


Efficient, cost effective and patient centred treatment complementing the needs of your complex, quick changing healthcare industry is important as it undergoes an entire reconstruction. Keeping in mind its intricate aspect, it is critical that cooperation occurs in all stages of the look process to ensure a easy transition.

The sheer level of changes can be frustrating, however nurses need to get the windows of opportunity and develop a new group of skills or utilize existing skills concentrating on versatility and adaptability to set-up new career pathways that can move medical in a route that is not seen before. What is paramount in this equation however is the need to use knowledge from our history, building on its foundations to ensure sustainability.

This books review is dependant on speaking about the Bio-Medical Model you start with a historical perspective, synthesizing components within, resulting in events which have driven the necessity for major changes in the health structure, design, process and delivery of health care.

By reflecting on days gone by we can gain a knowledge on economic, ethnic, political and communal influences which have helped shape our health climate and just how we work. This will enable us to get knowledge and apply this to our future by using a well grounded methodology.

Throughout history there have been many leaders who have added to shaping the Bio-Medical Style of Health and Health issues which is the dominant model found in Medicine within the GIRL, and is over ages old.

Rene Descartes in the 1700s acknowledged the mind and body were distinct entities hence today there are different practitioners dealing with them, each with the own group of literature and research. (Cannon, R. 2014).

( Maher, n. d) argues that your brain and body are inextricably bound and there is absolutely no section between them. Alternatively some of the Eastern traditions work on the school of thought that the mind, body and everything existential matter interact such as a well oiled machine. (Large, E 1996).

Many other people helped place the foundations of the Bio-medical model of Health and disorder for occasion Louis Pasteur recognized that diseases are distributed by bacteria and may be wiped out through sterilisation with Koch building on this concept by finding that certain bacteria caused a specific type of disease.

Joseph Lister performed his part in medical knowledge discovering that bacteria had the potential to cause condition and loss of life. John Dalton explained that matter was made up of atoms which set up further research in physics. (Liang et al; 2006). They are just a few areas which controlled under the umbrella of biomedical style of Health and Health problems.

The Biomedical Model is based on science and focuses on health to be without disease. Knowledge usually runs on the system of enquiry which occurs through observation, experimentation, collecting data, hypothesizing and predicting producing a conclusion. Improvement in science does not demonstrate allegiance to start interpretation alternatively favours precision and predictability.

The main function of health services is to cure the tired and impaired working under a physiological construction. (Greenhill, 2008). Illness creates a physical change in the body due to substance imbalances, viruses, bacterias, or genetic triggers. ("Introduction to Health Psychology". n. d. ).

Working within the Biomedical platform, the partnership between health and illness is established whereby a person is regarded as either ill or healthy and there are no gray areas among.

Recognition of Patterns of illness is derived from signs and symptoms provided by patients helping doctors in constructing a medical history where further investigation can occur. Obtaining pathology is one method which guided doctors in permitting some form of treatment to be put in place. The patient is then likely to recover and therefore they are cured. (McGraw, n. d. ).

The sociable constructs of drugs under the Bio-medical model has been one where the doctor is someone who holds the knowledge, is experienced in character and in the end the gatekeeper. They are organised in high esteem by the general public due to their professional standing. This opinion system was strengthened by the actual fact that the physician held the power, was respected and ultimately experienced the monopoly in health services that have been self regulated. It had been he who cured the condition. (Crinson, I 2014).

During the 19th Century through regulating the vocation, power was given to doctors to self regulate and the ability to regulate other health disciplines occurred so that they would exercise domination within medical service. Adams, T 2013).

Using Parsons Systems model using its roots inlayed in biomedicine, condition is known as to of course being undesirable with the sick individual, who must take on that persona and seek help accordingly, co-operating with directives from a health professional. Based on Parson's theory no onus occurs with respect to the individual in relation to health ownership, resulting in people when sick have the right to withdraw from other social obligations such as going to school or work. (Parsons, 2011).

This kind of belief system is relatively contradictory in terms where in some ethnical contexts however, folks are made to feel in charge of their medical conditions and frequently ridiculed such as those that smoke and the ones that consume huge amounts of alcohol, while some in comparison are made to feel blameless. (Lupton, 2012).

Philosophy has influenced and transfigured meta-physical remedies into scientific medicine. The philosophical changes focus on knowledge drawn through observation, and experience and for that reason knowledge is based on facts, information and research (empiricism) (Thomas, 2014). Secularism progressed with the switch of dominance of religious and spiritual effect in health insurance and physical reductionism which engaged dissecting and interpreting intricate techniques into small parts resulting in a broader knowledge of disorder. ( Beresford, 2010).

Doctors have emerged to make judgments on who's ill and who's not. ( Ekobi, 2013). Conditions of an person are examined as opposed to the impact an ailment is wearing them. (Leimkuehler, 2005). Alterations within the body are defined, measured and isolated. Patients often take a passive role in the Doctor/Nurse marriage. The doctor is an authoritative body who provides an order or advice and the patient obeys. (Darkins & Cary, 2000).

Treatment of disease occurs from another intervention aimed and controlled usually by the physician either physically such as through surgery or chemically using medication. (Vallis & McHugh 2011

The psychological, public, behavioural and environmental aspects aren't usually given much emphasis in treatment of patients for professionals working under the auspices of the biomedical model. Problems occur when describing serious pain and underlying pathophysiology is evaluated in isolation, making it difficult to explain why treatments are unsuccessful. (Lewis 2014).

Literature from many options have discussed the upsurge in costs, nursing recruitment and retention problems, aged people, technological developments and a more informed culture have all contributed to the medical model of practice that no longer complies with people's health needs both on an individual level and globally.

The biopsychosocial holds the view that health problems culminates in one or a number of triggers such as natural, mental health or environmental issues. (Waddell G & Aylward 2010). Albelson et al helps this and recognizes causative factors such as age, genetic makeup, communal support, sociable role in contemporary society, degree of income and a great many other internal and external elements, which necessitates advertising of initiatives within health plans and management. The cultural model is not designed as an alternative for the biomedical model but it is there to check it. (Germov, J 2013).

A qualitative analysis performed in Canada investigated whether or not people health was integrated, as a concentrate for future plans of their health programmes. Results exhibited that although there is inclusion of their policies, however leaders in the health field acknowledged the necessity to develop adaptable frameworks, plus they emphasized the importance of sharing a huge body of knowledge that may be designed across different contexts.

Evidence founded practice has been used within the biomedical style of health, which is important in justifying and being accountable for your projects. Your ideals and principles within the construction and model that underpins your projects culture leads your practice and for that reason this will dictate how you would answer the question "What's health campaign?" One may answer by supporting people handle their sociable environment, or maybe to look at how their environment can work to their advantage or by researching the medical treatment given which would provide optimum results. (Raphael, 2000).

For a smooth transition from one paradigm to some other, requires people to be involved in the change process by improving their talents and willingness to become active rather than proactive in their health. Research has shown that by implementing the following rules this will be beneficial to all worried.

Importance should be highlighted in concerning all celebrations in your choice making process from contributing to the medical care design, and delivery to the point of evaluation. Encouraging willing participants to promote patient centred health care through advocacy, optimises insurance plan development. Focusing on resources to those that are most vulnerable reduce inequalities in healthcare is valuable in making positive changes. (Do it yourself Management Alliance, 2010).

How you envisage healthcare in the very near future ideally is a system run by efficient knowledgeable personnel who offers quality, patient centred health care in a timely fashion. Something which focuses on reduction and embracing a alternative approach in easy to get at, user friendly adjustments, staff will promote empowerment so that folks can take back some control over health practices whilst making prepared choices with the aim of dealing with the who, where, what and why principles when it comes to all that affects ones health. Working as you close unit mutually as individuals, family, friends, and community and globally will go a long way in the improving health for all those.


Medicine is no more a static process with predictable means of measuring all health effects. Riding the trip and embracing change both in the health industry and this of culture which is subjected to internal and external forces, through reflection the drive can be produced smoother by our background can established the weather for open debate and effective communication so that people can reproduce the conceptual dimensions which worked to our gain, and bypass the others.

What is abundantly clear is the need for nurses to learn the importance of having their voice read through joint decision making operations and go forward from a culture that before has subtly led nurses to being second cousins to other occupations. It ought to be observed that with such complexities of any everychanging world is drugs requiring a big change in health paradigm there is certainly no one panacea through this context. When it comes to making the perfect healthcare system we can not just leave it up to serendipity.

Just something for all of us to ponder over is Christiaan Barnards words that are as follows

I don't imagine medical discoveries are doing much to move forward human life. As fast as we create ways to increase it we live inventing ways to shorten it.

Christiaan Barnard

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