Impact of Stress on Health and Well-being of the Individual

The objective of this project is to identify holistic and define stress, and discuss the impact of stress on the health and wellness of a person. Firstly the article writer will look at holistic strategies and define stress. The article writer will also take a look at how stress effects the independently biologically, psychologically and sociologically. Finally the copy writer will discuss approaches to controlling stress.

The term "Holistic or Holism" derives from the Greek word meaning entire, overall, total. The Oxford Dictionary of Medical (2014) identifies "Holistic" as an approach to patient care where the subconscious, physiological and sociable factors of the patient's condition are considered, rather than just the diagnosed disease. Holistic drugs is not really a separate medical or treatment method, but it is an alternative philosophy regarding the approach to health. This alternative nursing approach originated in the United States of America and was formally introduced to the United Kingdom in 1977 and was viewed as an alternative way nursing rather than the traditional orientated process methodology. Florence Nightingale herself inspired holistic care and attention; she accepted how important the environment and a multi directional procedure was, rather than one- dimensional therapy process. According to Dossey (2008) Health is a multifaceted intricate concept, it pertains to a person's well-being in confirmed environment, which is described by pathology and the traditional biomedical health way, holistic care looks at treating the underlying causes and not simply the superficial ones. Barker (2004) also suggests the holistic model of care is generally accepted in the field of medical, it favours a thorough in-depth assessment of entirety rather than the medical strategy which just studies the condition in the patient. The holistic health care approach takes under consideration all the people individual mental, sociological and mental health needs. Every man, women and child consists of a body and mind, and any changes in someone's life will eventually cause changes in their living. Aggleton and Chalmers (2000) explain holism as the fundamental wholeness of human beings. Hogston and Simpson (1999) determine the holistic medical process as a systematic problem solving construction that enables the nurse to plan care and attention accordingly targeting the precise needs of the individual. The holistic approach has two focal factors. The first factor snacks the average person as another entity, second of all the holistic approach analyses the psychosomatic strategy of a disease and magnifies it by putting the patient in a particular time, with their needs and standard of living. Alfaro-LeFevre (1998) referred to the holistic medical process as a five level construction comprising of
  • Assessment: to collect data regarding health status and screen for evidence of health issues.
  • Diagnosis: to identify genuine and potential medical issues.
  • Planning: to ascertain restorative interventions and attainable goals.
  • Implementation: to place strategies into action and view response.
  • Evaluation: to assess the outcomes, to check on if goals have been achieved or whether changes have to be made.

A holistic method of health makes prevention quite crucial as finding a remedy, this continuous model of care can prolong over an individual's life. The all natural approach drives to manipulate important determinants of health that occur and this provides an upstream episode on dangers to health. This can be the best methodology and results in coping with the unhealthy life styles and the ageing and durability of life in the populace in the 21st century. These determinants contribute to a growth in stress, which can contribute to a growth in other diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, stroke and other long status mental health issues. The Oxford Dictionary of Nursing defines stress as "any factor that threatens the fitness of the body or has an adverse effect on its working, such as personal injury, disease, overwork, or worry. Constant stress results in changes in the total amount of hormones in the torso. Selye (1976) describes stress as a unifying theory; it is just a non-specific respond to a huge variety of stimuli. Relating to Edwards and Cooper (1988) stress should be mentioned in terms of stimuli, replies and the relationship between them. Stress is really part of modern life; at times it may turn into a useful tool and provide a purpose. Stress can motivate you for promotion at the job, or thrust you to run that previous mile of a marathon. Nevertheless if you lose control and don't get to grips with your stress, it may become a long-term problem and it can have a severe harmful effect and interfere with your job, family life, and health. The sources of stress differ for every specific. Everyone has different stress triggers; we are available to various levels of different stimuli. Beckwith (1996) expresses determining stress, its causes and symptoms are equally as complicated. It is characterized as a reaction to modern and cultural factors, stress is a disruption within an individual's physiological and mental health homeostasis that induce these to deviate from typical functioning in interaction with their careers and work environment. Stress is identified by Auerbach (1996) as a three way relationship between demands on a person, that person's thoughts about those demands and their potential to handle those demands. Stress can effectively demolish the grade of life for the average person, his / her family and for culture as a whole, it is becoming as dangerous as pollution to modern society Srivastava (1999). Some people prosper in the pressure cooker of life. Stress is a individualized experience and may differ extensively even in the same equivalent situation for different reasons. A lot of people is capable of doing and complete many duties at the same time and also have a list of things to do that would extend and overpower almost all of us. Every individual has different stress triggers. How person A copes to how person B copes is completely different. A straightforward example of a regular stressor is the voyage to work, school or college. Person A who is seated in the traffic, will take a seat and become very irritated at the long wait, but Person B sitting down within the next car accepts that there surely is lots of traffic and copes with the problem. Exactly the same stressor or stimuli, but two very different reactions to the same situation. Stress level will change predicated on your personality and exactly how you respond to situations. Precisely the same situation can arise in virtually any individuals life, whether it be moving to a fresh home, much workload, too much responsibility, working long hours, studying for tests or simply giving the house. Snyder, Lefcourt and Herbert (2001) condition, Stress resides neither in the situation nor in the individual, it depends on a transaction between the two. Barlow (2000) says suffering from stress, anxiousness or phobias can disrupt daily routines, limit work efficiency, reduce self-esteem, and place a strain on connections. Individuals can do whatever they can to steer clear of the unpleasant and often-terrifying feelings of stress. Bourne (2011) helps Barlow by saying people with specific phobias, or strong irrational dread reactions, work hard to avoid common places, situations, or items even though they know there is no threat or threat. The fear may not make any sense, nevertheless they feel powerless to avoid it. Specific phobias according to Sylver, Lilienfeld and Laprairie (2011) can cause stress, the threat of a terrorist attack, global warming, puppies, cats, bees, wasps, spiders, bacteria, heights, driving, general population transport, flying, dental care or surgical procedure, and even elevators. People who have phobias recognize that their fear is irrational, and even great deal of thought could cause extreme nervousness. Relating to Beidel & Turner (1998) while some phobias develop in youth, most seem to occur unexpectedly, usually during adolescence or early on adulthood. Their starting point is usually sudden; you haven't any control over these events and they may occur in situations that previously didn't cause any discomfort or anxiety. All of these factors can result in stress. Stress is a worrisome illness. Stress has numerous faces, and sidles into our lives from many directions. No matter what the causes are, stress can put the body and brain under extreme pressure. Regular or chronic stress can have real physical influence on your body. It weakens the disease fighting capability, increasing the individual's vulnerability. Stress engulfs the body and saturates it with stress hormones. The heart and soul thumps, muscles tense, breathing quickens and the belly churns.

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