Pregnancy Is A Very Important Process Medical Essay

Pregnancy is an essential process for girls and medical students have the data of pregnancy is very helpful for future nursing practice. This article will first create the value of up to date consent. Some typically common discomfort symptom and the way of how to alleviate will be stated. Then, the procedure from pregnancy until after childbirth of women will be mentioned. The client has been chosen and area of the information depends on the client's activities. After this, a complete assessment for newborn will be posted and physiological changes will be discussed. It will refer to some support services in New Zealand. Finally, breastfeeding, bottle nourishing and sterilisation of baby machines will be stated. All appendixes will be attached behind the essay.

Informed consent performs a essential role when people get professional medical services or participate in researches and experiments. According to the Code of Health and Disability (1994), educated consent reflects client have their protection under the law to be educated about everything they ought to know thus to ensure they can widely make their decision (Ministry of health, 1994). You will find three key factors to market knowledgeable consent. First, communication effectively can help clients to truly have a good understanding of the information which includes been provided (Health and impairment commissioner, 2000). Second, providing all information like the therapeutic use and the side effects to ensure clients that clients make the best decision. Everything has been provided have to check out honestly and accurately. Last, clients possess the right to readily make their options. Services can only be given to someone has signed the best consent form (Health and impairment commissioner, 2000). Clients likewise have their privileges to refuse or stop any medical experiment (Health and disability commissioner, 2000). Overall, enlightened consent is to market the clients rights and ensure clients have understand the complete procedure for any research or service. In addition, it ensures the grade of the research and clients will totally participate in the job (Health and disability commissioner, 2000).

In this project, my customer will be dealt with as Mrs. F and her spouse as Mr. F to ensure their confidentiality. The first stop by at them was to present everything of the procedures and explain the purpose of the project. Getting agreement from my patient is also an important purpose for me to go to her. Furthermore, clients ought to know their protection under the law before I start my job.

I launched myself and the purpose for me to do this task to Mrs. F and Mr. F when I first frequented them. Then, I described everything of this task to her, such as, what parts I would like to learn from her and the time of visits. To obtain the enlightened consent from Mrs. F, I explained all her protection under the law to ensure she feels secure to share her experiences and she could stop the interview at the any stage and everything her information will be confidential. I also received authorization from Mr. F as he's the baby's dad. After all the benefits and explanations, Mrs. F finally signed the consent form.

1b. Learning issues

The learning concern has fastened in Appendix I of the assignment.

Second visit

Pregnancy and birth

2a. Common discomforts of pregnancy and the way of minimizing them.

There are extensive common discomforts for women during pregnancy. Knowing how to minimise and reduce the discomforts during motherhood can benefit both mother and baby (Pillitteri, 2010). The normal discomforts and the means of relieving it'll be outlined in appendix II.

2b. Discomforts experienced by my consumer during her

Mrs. F experienced experience constipation, swollen ankle joint and urinary frequently during her pregnant.

First, constipation happens due to the pressure of baby development against the bowel (Pillitteri, 2010). Mrs. F explained that she increased fibre absorption in her diet, by consuming vegetables grains and fruits to alleviate constipation.

Second, swollen ankle is induced by the pressure from uterine to decelerate the blood blood flow (Pillitteri, 2010). Mrs. F's ways of relieved this symptom are putting her feet on the couch when have a rest and doing some exercise to increase her blood flow.

Finally, urinating frequently happens at the first and late phases of pregnant due to the pressure of baby development from the bladder (Pillitteri, 2010). Mrs. F distributed her methods of how to reduce the symptoms that is avoiding to adopt any drink contain levels of caffeine. Mrs. F said those symptoms are bothering her at the start. However, it generally does not impact her normal life after she attempted the methods above as it is meet a part of content in Appendix II.

By getting everything, she researched online, such as Ministry of Health insurance and some other reliable websites. She also received some recommendations from her midwife.

2c. Adjustment made during motherhood by the mom and dad.

There are some modifications during the pregnant of Mrs. F between her and her partner. Mr. A started out doing almost all of the housework, such as, cleaning, shopping and baking. Mrs. F also resigned her job because she needs additional time to relax. They got tons of helpful information from previous pregnant friends, midwife and website.

2d. Advices from the daddy.

Mr. A acquired some recommendations to other expectant fathers. Completely supporting their wife is one of the most crucial parts. For example, do some housework and look after his wife. Another thing is to encourage women that are pregnant do some exercise everyday to promote their wellbeing.


2e. Clients' experience of childbirth.

Mrs. F possessed childbirth after 39 weeks and she got psychological preparation before her estimate date. She began having agonizing contraction first and her normal water broken after thirty minutes later. Then, Mr. F got her to the hospital immediately. Mrs. F felt the tempo of contractions is getting repeated and she felt very exhausted. Finally, Mrs. F experienced a cesarean section due to the fetus position is improper. Her man was remained with her and backed her through the complete process. She told me that she cannot feel any painful during the cesarean section due to anaesthetic treatment. She got the most of information from her antenatal class, midwife and well child health booklet. For example, doing some walking could make the labour easier and prevent infection of her wound following a cesarean delivery. The well child health e book has a lot of health information for mom to get will known with their baby and mom can document the introduction of the baby up to 5 years of age.

Mrs. F made a simple delivery plan as it was her first time of pregnant. The plan includes a healthcare facility she preferred to move, the individual she would like to stick with her during labour, her preferred way of having labour plus some method to reduce her pain. Mrs. F said the almost all of the requirements from her plan has been met. However, there are some differences between your plan and the actual birth. For example, the painful relieve method had not been very effective because the pain level has ended her creativeness.

2f. Father's respond to birth.

Mr. F is at expectation to see his baby. At the same time, he was very worried about his wife and baby's health status during the labour. However, after he recognized that these were well, he was very ecstatic, cheerful and exhausted. He also felt very active after Mrs. F gave birth because he has plenty of other things to prepare.

2g. Learning issues.

The Appendix III has concluded all the new things that I have learnt from second visit.

Third visit

3a. Client targets of the puerperium and the actual experience

Puerperium is the time that around 6 weeks following the women give the childbirth. Essentially the most change in women during puerperium is physical. Mrs F. was planning on breastfeeding will be possible for her baby. However, she found putting her baby in the right position to breastfeeding was very difficult. After many times, she received used to it.

3b. Mr. F's activities to become father

Mr. F found his role has transformed a great deal after he became a dad. He is concerned that his wife are certain to get postnatal depression which is ambiance swing during the first 14 days after she provides childbirth. Evidence demonstrates 13 percent of New Zealand women easily get postnatal unhappiness after childbirth. Sleep disruption is one of the factors could influence women (Plunket, 2012). Therefore, Mr. F required more responsibility to look after his baby at night time the perfect time to ensure his partner acquired enough sleep. Learning how to improve diaper was also a challenge thing for him that he believed more and more responsibility he should take on his baby.

3c. Support and follow-up care

There a wide range of support services in New Zealand offering information and help newborn parents. Lead Maternity Carer (LMC) and Well Child service provides support to pregnancy women. The depth will be outlined in appendix VI. Mrs. F found her midwife is very helpful. She received a great deal of information on breast feeding, showering and immunisation. It had been not only good for herself also for the new born.

3d. Full evaluation of the new born

A full assessment of the new given birth to (check out feet) will be fastened in Appendix IV.

3e. Physiological changes in the newborn

Physiological changes such as physiological weight reduction, Meconium, Mongolian blue locations and physiological jaundice are explained at length as appendix V. For a new mother, knowing the cause and the symptoms of physiological jaundice are incredibly important. The way of taking care of this indication is the mother should feed her baby every 2-3 hours. This may decrease the level of jaundice. If the symptoms do not vanish, parent or guardian should seek medical attention (Medlineplus, 2011).

3f. The Well Child booklet has many information and assessment of the newborn. The examination includes Apgar, reading, vision, weight, height, full physical evaluation and immunisation (Ministry of health, 2010). Beginning assessments cover most of them. From first week to six week, the evaluation focused on weight, eyesight, ability to hear, full physical analysis and health protection. From eight to ten week, the diagnosis has added the evaluation that includes pores and skin and sleeping observation. During three to seven month, PEDS check will start assessing. Oral health assessment begins from nine month to three calendar year old. B4 college check includes teeth's health, growth check, PDES and SDQ check. All of this assessments is to ensure the normal development of the infant (Ministry of health, 2010). Documentation the information of newborn baby could help parents and medical researchers observe the development of the baby and also identify the issues of the baby (Ministry of health, 2010). There are some ways for parents and health professionals to determine the reading and perspective of newborn. For four to six 6 weeks old baby, reading can be evaluated by making noisy and the baby is able to respond to it. The vision can be evaluated by observing whether they will respond to light. For 5 to 7 month old baby, ability to hear can be assessed by coping parent's word. The eye-sight can be assessed by placing toys and games in front of these to see if indeed they will reach it (Ministry of health, 2010).

3g. The assignments of plunket nurse

Plunket nurse works with family to look after the baby and offer information to the family. They offer services for the infant were born before baby up to five years old. Plunket nurses have many assignments. Firstly, they come to go to and assess the fitness of the new mom and her newborn baby. Secondly, they provide information to the parents and educate the new mom about breastfeeding, showering, immunisation and other basic needs (Skelton, 2012).

3h. Learning issues

The learning concern is fastened as an appendix VI.

Fourth Visit

Infant feeding

4a. Connection with feeding her baby

Mrs. F gave breastfed her baby up to six months. Her family, friend and midwife influenced her alternatives as they told her about the great things about breastfeeding. Mrs. F gained a great deal of information about breastfeeding and all her family and other health professionals offered her support. For example, the way of feeding, the time of feeding and the amount of nourishing. She found the support very helpful as it made the breast feeding process easier.

4b. Advantages and disadvantages of breastfeeding

The advantages and disadvantages of breastfeeding are attached as an appendix. . . . . . . . . .

4c. The mother's connection with breast feeding

Mrs. F breastfed her baby up to six months and she experienced painful sometimes. Each and every time when she been told the infant cry, she put her finger on the baby's lip and baby will lick mother's finger. Then, Mrs. F will know that her baby is sense hungry. When the infant felt full, he will stop sucking Mrs. F's nipple. Mrs. F told me that she implemented the signs the majority of the time and it was very useful.

4d. To select an appropriate formula

The mom should choose the correct formula because of their baby predicated on the age and allergic history. Some newborns allergic to milk power due to their body have effect with the proteins in the milk formulation. Therefore, parents should be careful when they choose formula because of their baby (Kids with food allergies groundwork, 2009).

4e. Process for safe cleaning and sterilisation of container, teats and other equipment

The Appendix VII will show all the details about safe cleaning and sterilisation method for baby development.

4f. The mother's connection with bottle feeding and launch of sound.

Mrs. F offered her baby breastfeeding topped up with formula. She found bottle feeding easier and quicker than breastfeeding. However, adjusting water heat range was quite difficult for her.

The mother should have enough knowledge of sturdy food before providing it to her baby. The development and progress of the infant are the key concerns when supplying solid food to them. Sturdy food should be provided when baby is just about 5 to six months old (Extension, 2012). The mom must also ensure that the baby is able to swallow sturdy food, digest sturdy food and stay straight. The ways of giving sound food are confirmed as following. Mom should make sure her baby is happy before presenting solid food to him and provide solid food after providing breastfeeding or formulation (Extension, 2012). Putting the infant on a feeding couch will be possible for mother to give food to them. Mother should always give a little amount of food on the spoon when nourishing them. Also, giving the baby enough time to swallow the food and get used to the new flavour. A mother should grasp all the knowledge of the time and the way to provide stable food as it'll make the feeding process easier on her behalf (Extension, 2012).

4g. The training concern is given as appendix VIII.


I have learnt tons of new knowledge from this project. To get ready up to date consent before interviewing my consumer and keep confidentiality are very important to determine the trust between us. Getting the knowledge from being pregnant to birth can help me in the future when I am coping with women that are pregnant. For example, I would able to give them some useful information during their pregnancy. I also provides some New Zealand health services to allow them to ensure both mom and infant's health. Time management is another important part that I have learnt. I had written some questions before I go to visit my client since it is very useful for me to have a clear idea as i interview my customer. Controlling enough time also help me to have an efficient talk with my client as she will not feel so fatigued or hasted about our conversing.

In conclusion, up to date consent is very important for just about any research as folks have the right to make their own decision. Mrs. F distributed all her experience from pregnancy until after childbirth and Mr. F also shared his connection with becoming a daddy. There are various common irritation symptoms during pregnancy and relieved ways may help to reduce the uncomfortable level. LMC and Well child services provide plenty of helps to pregnant women plus they can get useful information from the assistance. The experience of this interview is helpful to the future nursing practice.

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