Computerization of Education - Psychology and Pedagogy

Computerization of education

Analysis of the concepts of computerization, conducted II. F. Talyzina, allows us to distinguish three main ways of computerization of educational activity: one-sided psychological, one-sided cybernetic and empirical. To date, in our education, usually, an instrumental approach to the computer itself prevails. First of all, the possibilities of new technologies and techniques are taken into account. These innovations are connected, firstly, with the use of databases and telecommunications that allow a large number of students to participate in the process of quality education, secondly, to develop forms such as distance education, and thirdly, to use the computer as a teaching tool. However, this is only a technical aspect. It is also important to pay attention to those changes that occur in the human world as a result of informing society as a global process. Computerization allows you to build images (model) of various phenomena and processes.

In the learning process, a computer can be both an object and a means of learning. This causes two possible directions of computerization of education. In the implementation of the first direction, the learning of knowledge, skills and habits is facilitated by the realization of the computer's capabilities, its use in solving various tasks, which leads to mastering computer literacy as a prerequisite and a prerequisite for the effective use of a computer. In the second case, the computer is a means of efficiency of the education process itself. These two directions form the basis of computerization of education from the point of view of only its technology, but also learning as a social process. It is important that the computer does not dictate the methods, forms and content of the training, but it itself is adequately included in the training programs, ensuring the organization of educational activities at the modern level. In these conditions, computerized instruction, with its orientation to individualizing learning, its interactive and interactive forms, and increasing the creative basis become a reality.

Summarizing the arguments about the place and role, the functions of the computer in the educational process BN Bessonov,.. P. Vashchekin, M. Yu. Tikhonov, AD Ursul note the following main aspects of its impact on the effectiveness of teaching.

1. The computer significantly expands the possibilities of presenting educational information, not only in a rational, but also in a figurative form (color, sound, graphics, animation, all video equipment).

2. The computer allows you to significantly enhance the motivation for learning, increase interest in it. In this regard, the issue of entertaining work with the computer as a means of forming a positive attitude toward learning as a source of motivation in the context of the game is especially acute. At the same time, it is important to avoid the danger associated with the predominance of entertaining over the goals and objectives of the actual learning activity,

3. The computer actively involves the educational process, provides interactive forms of learning, the possibility of dialogue between the learner and the learner, significantly changes the ways of managing the learning activity.

4. With the help of a computer, the sets of applied learning tasks expand significantly, and the control over the process of solving them becomes more meaningful.

5. The computer allows you to qualitatively change the pedagogical control over the activity of the student, while ensuring the flexibility of managing the learning process as a whole, as well as individualize it.

6. The computer contributes to the formation of students' reflection on their activities, makes it possible to visualize the results of their actions visually. The testing programs embedded in the training systems allow students to more accurately assess the abilities of their personality, such as motivation, the degree of adequacy of self-esteem, the speed of decision making.

The information society is often called the "constantly learning society". This is the main effect of informatization of society on the education system. The need for continuous replenishment and updating of professional knowledge, their actualization at the productive stage of human life is conditioned by the rates of scientific and technical progress, the transition to the information stage of the development of society.

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