Ecological-valeological competence, the concept of "ecology"...

Ecological-valeological competence

The ecological-valeological competence is connected with understanding the nature and interrelation of social and natural processes, the evolution of scientific ideas into responsible attitude to the environment, the formation of environmental and resource-saving thinking and behavior, with the affirmation of the values ​​of life, health and a healthy lifestyle, with the strengthening of health in all its aspects (physical, psychological, social); with the formation of an ecological culture and a culture of health.

At the heart of the formation of this competence are values: life, humanity, nature, earth, health.

The concept of ecology and problems of formation of ecological competence

The word ecology was derived from the Greek oikos - house & quot ;. In modern scientific interpretation, ecology is the science of the relationship of living organisms and their communities with each other and with the environment.

In the XX century. the man completed the geographical map of the planet Earth, settled all over its surface. This led to the fact that mankind with his life became a single whole. Ecological problems of the modern world affect the world as a whole and inevitably affect any sphere of human life and any person. Because of this, the problem of the planet's ecology is global.

The most acute problems of our time in the report to the Club of Rome "The Limits of Growth" (1972) were: population growth, increasing food shortages, depletion of non-renewable resources, degradation of the natural environment.

In another important document, "Agenda for the 21st Century" (1992), acute problems of modernity are called: poverty, hunger, deterioration of public health, illiteracy, the continued deterioration of the state of ecosystems. The problems voiced in these documents have embraced the modern world, it is becoming more urgent.

As a result of the search for a solution to the problem of maintaining the equilibrium state of nature and man in conditions of expanding industrial production associated with the expansion of nature, the concept of sustainable development was born.

Sustainable development is a model for the development of a global ecosystem, in which a dynamic balance is maintained between its individual subsystems (nature, society, geosystems). This model is oriented at the conscious self-limitation of a person's consumption of non-renewable natural resources, the restriction and regulation of population, consumption, production, the refusal to overuse the highly developed countries of the natural resources of underdeveloped countries.

The ecological problem in the modern world has become not only a cultural issue. This is already a problem of survival. I. Ilyinsky expressed his concern today: today the world is experiencing a moment that has never been in the history of mankind: it faces a dilemma "to be or not to be." Feelings must strike at the Reason, get out of prostration and turn it on. The power of the mind must connect with the moral energy even before the "thunder bursts out." A great danger is to cause Great fear. " At the heart of the solution of the problem, according to I. Ilyinsky, is the understanding of the need to mobilize, develop and effectively use all the existing resources of mankind (natural, economic, financial, managerial), but above all the main of all human resources.

Problems of environmental education, according to modern scholars, are directly related to consumer thinking of man. Today a new type of consumption culture should be brought up - planetary thinking. The culture of a technocratic society oriented to the growth of civilizational indicators, which formed its foundations, moral norms and values, exhausted its capabilities and proved incapable of maintaining the level of relations with nature necessary for sustainable and harmonious co-development. "The ecological crisis is, first of all, the crisis of the culture pattern that has developed within the framework of the technogenic civilization, the crisis of the former ideals and values, the crisis of the individual, which, in relation to the world around, puts above all individual interests and priorities."

The essence of these problems clearly indicates that a person should consider himself as part of the environment and take care of creating an environmentally healthy environment.

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