The educational potential of the family
Potential (from Latin potentia - force) - sources, opportunities, resources, reserves that can be used to solve a problem, achieve a specific goal; the possibility of a certain person, society, state in a certain area.The educational potential of the family is a range of factors and conditions that contribute to the all-round development of children, including family microenvironments, family lifestyle, and family opportunities in the field of spiritual and practical activities.
The educational potential of the family has a complex structure and represents the unity of the following components:
• technical and hygienic;
(In the list, the components of the educational potential are presented in importance for the upbringing of the child.) In Table. 13.1 provides a brief description of each of the identified components of the educational potential.
Family typology on educational potential
Component of educational potential
Primary Family Types
Pedagogical culture of parents, i.e. pedagogical preparedness and maturity of them as educators, which gives real positive results in the process of family and public education of children, based on the experience of raising children in the family, acquired by different categories of parents directly in their country, other countries, and also taken from the people's family pedagogy.
Knowledge of pedagogy and psychology.
Knowledge of the age and individual characteristics of the child.
Ability to determine the goals of education.
Ability to solve conflict situations.
Awareness of the goals of upbringing and the desire to achieve them, using various methods and means of education
Families who respect
Pedagogically illiterate families
Psychological climate in the family.
The nature of the parental authority.
The style of family education.
The system and the nature of the relationship between family members (differences and common views, assessments of different life phenomena, parents' attitude toward their duties, the nature of conflict situations, the status of authority of each parent)
Educatively strong. Educatively weak with loss of contact with children. Educatively weak with a constant conflict atmosphere. Educatively weak with an aggressive-negative atmosphere
Social, cultural or confessional status of the family.
Level of education. Culture in everyday life. Orientation and installation for the upbringing and education of children.
Active or passive attitude towards the society (civil position), profession, work
National or multinational.
Families of migrants. Harmonious or disharmonious. Highly cultured, with low culture or primitive
Material living conditions of the family (level of income, housing conditions).
The help that the society and the state give to the family in the education and upbringing of children
Technical and hygienic
Living conditions. Equipped housing. Features of the way of life of the family
Prosperous, families at risk, disadvantaged, asocial, marginal.
By the nature of demoralization: alcoholizing, delinquent, criminal, mentally burdened
The stage of development of the family.
The nature of family management
The number of children: single-child, large families.
In composition: nuclear, replenished (multigenerational), mixed with non-native parents), guardianship, incomplete (single parent).
Families with disabled children. Patriarchal, matriarchal, egalitarian
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The mechanisms of family education are specific means and ways of realizing the individual educational potential of the family. The main mechanisms of family education:
• Parental authority;
• styles of family education;
• family traditions;
• the nature of the organization of leisure activities
A valuable means of upbringing are family traditions - traditions passed from generation to generation, norms of behavior. These are:
• family traditions - an interesting holding of birthdays, memories of relatives, etc.,
• national traditions - forming love and respect for one's ethnicity, coupled with a belief in the equality of people and the pluralism of cultures;
• patriotic traditions - related to the life and history of the country: laying flowers at monuments to soldiers who died in the battles with fascism, state holidays: Constitution Day, independence, etc.
When a child is gradually attached to existing traditions and creates conditions for empathy, complicity in them, then the educational power of traditions increases significantly.
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Analysis of the concept of the educational potential of the family allows us to distinguish three conditions for successful parenting:
• Parents' knowledge of their child;
• Inclusion of the child in the system of family relations and activities;
• Self-improvement of parents and family relations.
The goal of education is to help parents carry out this work in the family.
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