Forming communicative competence
Communicative competence assumes the possession of ways to interact with others, skills of working in a group, the development of social roles, is firmly connected with the orientation towards humanistic principles and ethical norms in interpersonal relations, motivation for social interaction, the desire for a joint activities, cooperation with peers and the older generation, mastery of techniques and techniques of communication.
The formation of this competence is based on certain values: respect, understanding, acceptance, cooperation.
The concept of interaction as a unity of communication and activity
Interaction - accidental or deliberate, direct or indirect contact of two or more people, resulting in mutual changes in their behavior, activities, attitudes, attitudes. Interaction is carried out in two main forms: communication and activity.
There are also two main types of interaction: cooperation (cooperation), when the promotion of each partner to its goal contributes or, at least, does not interfere with the realization of the goals of others, and competition (competition), when the achievement of the goal by one of the interacting individuals makes it difficult or excludes the implementation of the objectives of other participants in a joint action.
Throughout life, each person has to interact with other people in different situations. On the basis of how successfully this interaction develops, the implementation of certain tasks depends on the effectiveness of the activity as a whole. Naturally, while this person should take an active position.
Interaction is characterized by social relations, which are given through the social activity of which it is a part, and interpersonal, which determine the type of interaction under given specific conditions and the degree of its expression.
At present, the society has passed to that level of development, when the only way forward is cooperation: only joint activity allows achieving maximum results. This problem is also relevant at the level of the educational system, the subjects of which are students, teachers, parents, the school administration.
The individual picture of the development of the personality, its character, orientation, abilities depends on the system of relations in which the personality develops and is brought up. To educate - this largely means creating a system of interdependencies between people that engender certain relationships of this person to other people, work, society, herself. By influencing these relations, we thereby create the grounds for the formation of character traits and directions. Education is carried out in the process of interpersonal interaction and in order for it to be effective, we must include the personality in the productive interaction.
The interaction acts as an interactive side of communication, indicating the characteristics of those of its components that are associated with the mutual influence of people on each other, with the direct organization of their joint activities. The participation of many people in this activity simultaneously means that everyone must make a special contribution to it. On this basis, a communicative process or interpersonal communication is born. The exchange of knowledge and ideas about joint activities inevitably also implies the achievement of mutual understanding between the participants, which is realized in new joint attempts to organize and further develop activities. At the same time, it is important for the participants not only to exchange information, but also to organize the exchange of actions and plan them.
Interaction involves the mutual activity of the subjects of interaction: the educator and the educated, the collective and the individual, the individual and the society, and occurs in two main forms: communication and activity. In the process of communication and activity, a person's attitude to the world around him, to people and himself is formed. SL Rubinshtein argues that the person is only a person who relates in a certain way to the environment, consciously establishes this attitude in such a way that it is revealed throughout his being.
In the process of interaction, interpersonal relationships develop-subjectively experienced relationships between people that are objectively manifested in the nature and ways of interaction that people provide each other in the process of joint activity and communication.
There are three different types of interpersonal communication: imperative, manipulation and dialogue.
Imperative communication is an authoritative, directive form of influence on a communication partner in order to achieve control over his behavior, forcing him to take certain actions. The peculiarity of the imperative is that the ultimate goal of communication - coercion of a partner - is not veiled. Managing the partner's action is carried out through rigid levers: order, negative reinforcement, etc.
Manipulation involves influencing a partner in order to achieve their intentions. The partner is not informed about the true goals of communication, the desired action is achieved through hidden levers of control: pride is touched, various psychological strokes, flattery are used, advan- tages of partner's values, etc.
Dialogue is built on the acceptance of a partner in communication, the desire to reach an agreement. Dialogue assumes a mood for the current state of the interlocutor, confidence in his intentions. Dialogue is possible if the partner in communication is accepted as an equal, entitled to your interest and opinion.
The interaction is always accompanied by certain feelings. These feelings can be conjunctive - drawing together, uniting people, and disjunctive - disconnecting them. Interaction can occur both at the functional and human level. At the heart of the functional interaction lies the fulfillment of the role assigned to the post. The level of human interaction requires mutual openness, deep spiritual contacts, the exchange of personal meanings of the subjects of interaction. Interaction only at the level of functional relationships can not be effective.
Perhaps the interaction is productive and unproductive. Productive interaction brings a person satisfaction, it becomes open to the world and to other people. Life forces are revealed. Unproductive interaction is accompanied by negative emotions: fear, anxious anticipation, panic. This leads to alienated, destructive relationships, makes a person closed to the world and to other people. Human life forces are destroyed.
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