Indoctrination and Religious Cults, Indoctrination and the Problem...

Indoctrination and Religious Cults

The most rigid problem of indoctrination is discussed with reference to the opposition of society and traditional religions to the activities of destructive, religious cults. It is primarily about different totalitarian sects. Man's entry into their network leads to severe consequences, life tragedies and even physical death.

The word cult comes from the Latin cultus - literal translation - "worship" or read someone or something. According to the authors of the Oxford English Dictionary, it came into use in the 17th century. From the middle of the XIX century. so began to be called in Europe isolated religious groups. From a religious point of view, "... a cult is a group of people whose beliefs are based on the superiority of a certain leader, which inevitably leads to the denial of the central doctrines of Christianity, as set forth in the Bible." Of course, when talking about modern religious cults, we should note that they are based on the denial of "central doctrines" not only Christianity, but also other world religions - Buddhism and Islam.

The above-mentioned world religions themselves use intensively the mechanism of indoctrination to recruit new members. But this variant of indoctrination society is inclined to evaluate as a constructive control of consciousness. Probably, because all three world religions have long since disposed of rigid methods of consciousness control, and consider as their main task the constructive consolidation of groups numbering billions of believers.

At the same time, we must understand that the release of a person from the networks of totalitarian sects is most effective in replacing belief in values ​​promoted by the sect, believing in the values ​​preached by one of the world's religions. In this case, we do not struggle with the natural inclination of a person to indoctrination, but merely change its content component.

Indoctrination and the problem of educating a creative personality

In our country, both the society and the state, if we formally argue, always proclaimed the task of caring for the development of a creative personality, about early detection, all-round support of talents, expressed the desire to solve the problems of special education for gifted children. But whether these desires were sincere. It is known that many of the real creators of educational systems who declared these ideas usually did nothing in this direction, or frankly hampered these processes.

The explanation of this fact in the psychology of creativity was usually this: Recognizing that a high level of intellectual and creative development serves as a natural guarantor of the effectiveness of the functioning mechanisms of economic and social progress, these rulers could not fail to understand that these same qualities conceal in themselves and very specific danger. It was believed and believed that high intellectual and creative potential - a guarantee of genuine personal freedom. A creative person with a highly developed intellect is less prone to manipulation from the outside, he is often less suited to the role of an obedient performer.

This judgment is very common in the psychology of giftedness and creativity, it entered pedagogy and accepted educational practice. But is it really dangerous for a good education, the development of intelligence and creativity in terms of blocking the establishment of control of consciousness, as it is customary to think? Maybe there is one of the many psychological myths before us? The answer to this question can only be given by serious special studies.

Simple observations of people successfully working in science, art and other areas that require creativity, high intelligence and good education, show that for all this indoctrination is not a hindrance. High intellect, developed creativity, good education only slightly change the content context of indoctrination, but they are not an insurmountable obstacle to the victorious path of totalitarian leaders, messiahs, specialists in " PR -technologies", builders of financial pyramids and others " ; agents of influence .

Many scientists, instead of developing their own concepts, constantly emphasize that they belong to a particular scientific school. Many artists are looking for their way in art, but even more are those who are attached to a particular stream or direction and proudly refer to themselves as some strange word ending in "izm."

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