KD Ushinsky's pedagogical views - Psychology and pedagogy

KD Ushinsky's pedagogical views

To. Ushinsky was born in Tula, in the family of a small nobleman, and spent his childhood and adolescence on his father's estate near the city.

The idea of ​​a nationality of upbringing was the most important in KD Ushinsky's pedagogical theory. The system of education of children in each country, he stressed, is associated with the conditions of the historical development of the people, with its needs and needs. There is only one innate tendency common to all, which education can always count on: this is what we call a nation. Education, created by the people themselves and based on people's principles, has that educational power that is not in the best systems based on abstract ideas or borrowed from another people, "Ushinsky wrote.

To. Ushinsky argued that the system of education, built according to the interests of the people, develops and strengthens in children the most valuable psychological features and moral qualities - patriotism and national pride, the love of work. He demanded that children, from an early age, learn the elements of folk culture, master their native language, get acquainted with the works of oral folk art.

In his work "Man as an object of education" Ushinsky put forward and substantiated the most important requirement that every educator must fulfill: to build educational and educational work, taking into account the age and psychological characteristics of children, to systematically study children in the process of education. If pedagogy wants to educate a person in all respects, then she must first learn it too in all respects ... "The educator should strive to know the person, what he really is, with all his weaknesses and in all his greatness, with all his everyday, small needs and with all his great spiritual demands."

Among the sciences that study man, Ushinsky singled out physiology and especially psychology, which gives the teacher systematic knowledge about the human body and its mental manifestations, enrich with the knowledge necessary for the practice of educational work with children. Teacher-educator, who knows psychology, should creatively use her laws and the rules resulting from them in the various concrete conditions of her educational activity with children of different ages.

Ushinsky's historical merit lies in the fact that, in accordance with the scientific achievements of that time, he laid out the psychological foundations of didactics-the theory of learning. He gave the most valuable instructions how to develop the active attention of children in the process of teaching, to educate the conscious memory, to fix the learning material in the memory of the students by repetition, which is an organic part of the learning process. KD Ushinsky believed that repetition is not necessary in order to "resume the forgotten (it's bad if something is forgotten), but in order to prevent the possibility of oblivion & quot ;; every step forward in the teaching must be based on the knowledge of what has been learned.

To. D. Ushinsky substantiated from the point of view of psychology the most important didactic principles of educating education: visibility, systematic and consistent, thorough and solid learning of students by learning materials, a variety of teaching methods.

thematic pictures

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)