Motivation of knowledge and teaching - Pedagogical psychology

Motivation for learning and learning

In the domestic psychology, a number of schools and directions have developed, within the framework of which studies of the motivational sphere of the individual are conducted. Their analysis is the subject of a separate examination, we will dwell on a number of general consequences arising from them, fundamentally important for pedagogical psychology in understanding the principles of the functioning of the motivation of learning.

One of these fundamentally important theses is the thesis about the multi-motivated nature of human activity. It is formulated in the works of a number of well-known domestic psychologists (LI Bozhovich, VI Kovalev, BF Lomov, and others). "To one or another activity," BF Lomov writes, "a person is not always driven by a definite motive; there can be several motives: then the activity appears as a politically motivated ". Thus, there is reason to assert that educational activity is poly-motivated. Students, regardless of his age and level of training, are driven simultaneously by many motives. This raises a number of questions: what are the main groups of motives that act in educational activity and how different motives and different groups of motives interact with each other. In this case, the motive acts as a component of a complex system - the motivational and demanding sphere of the individual. It should be understood, as BF Lomov points out, the totality of the motives that are formed and develop during life. It is also important to understand that, given the relative stability already noted, this structure is dynamic and is capable of changing depending on many life circumstances.

L. I. Bozhovich and her students proved that the motivational and needing sphere of personality has a hierarchical structure. Some motives occupy a relatively stable, dominant position, others are, relatively speaking, on the second, third and further roles. This hierarchy of motives in domestic psychology has traditionally been described using the concept of "personal orientation". The direction of the personality is revealed in the study of the entire system of mental properties and states of the individual (needs, interests, inclinations, ideals, value orientations, beliefs, etc.).

Considering the motivational and demanding sphere of the personality as a multi-level, relatively stable and dynamic system, one can not help noticing that a part of the motives is not recognized by the personality. But they can be very effective. SL Rubinshtein noted, in particular, that consciousness is not a flat formation, some of its parts can be at different levels of development. Accordingly, the motivational phenomena can be at different levels of awareness - from clearly realized to involuntary and unconscious. In cognitive and educational activities, these patterns act in the same way as in any other. From the point of view of effectiveness, the motives of cognitive and learning activity are indifferent or unaware of the person, whether he is able to verbalize them.

In order to make the next logical step - to build a hierarchy of motives for cognition and learning - their classification is necessary. One of the options for this classification is the "conscious-unconscious" motives - we have already considered. It is important from the point of view of understanding the functioning of the system, but it can not illuminate the content aspect of cognitive and educational motivation. The solution of this problem is presented in a number of other papers that have become famous (BG Ananiev, M. Argyle, VG Aseev, J. Atkinson, LI Bozhovich, AN Leontiev, M. Sh. Mohammed- Eminov, A. Maslow, J. Nutten, C. L. Rubinshtein, V. E. Chudnovsky, P. M. Jacobson, and others).

thematic pictures

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)