ORGANIZATION OF THE DEVELOPING SUBJECT MATTER - Pre-school pedagogy

ORGANIZATION OF DEVELOPING SUBJECTS

The development environment is a complex of material, technical, sanitary, hygienic, ergonomic, aesthetic, psychological and pedagogical conditions that ensure the organization of life for children and adults in preschool educational institutions designed to meet the vital needs of children, ensure their safety and health, to promote the development of spiritual, cognitive, general cultural skills in communicating with other people.

The compliance of these conditions with the necessary requirements is established in the process of licensing of the educational institution, which includes: availability of facilities for children staying in the PED, fire safety, , the organization of nutrition, the implementation of medical procedures, as well as the requirements for the implementation of the educational process.

The kindergarten usually has rooms for the reception of children with lockers for clothes, group rooms for games and classes, bedrooms, food blocks, sanitary units, a dedicated and fenced area for walking, games and aerial activities. The premises and the plot are equipped with furniture and special equipment - gaming, medical, educational. In this case, the area (size) of the premises must comply with certain standards - building codes and regulations (SNIPs) that guarantee the protection of children's life and health. The standards define the minimum requirements, for example, indicate the size of the area in accordance with the number of pupils who are on it. If the area is less (below the norm), children will lack air, there is not enough room to accommodate furniture and equipment, they will be too closely placed, and children will have little space for free movement. The standard can only be changed to increase the area indicated in it. Thus, he is the regulator of the organization of life in kindergarten, which protects the child from unfavorable or dangerous situations.

It is desirable that the kindergarten had a gym, a hall for music lessons, a medical unit with cabinets for therapeutic and preventive activities. In some institutions there is a swimming pool, a sauna, additional rooms are allocated and equipped, for example, offices for speech therapist, psychologist, psychological relief room, studios for visual, theatrical activities, >

The design and equipment of additional premises is made in accordance with the basic concept of the educational institution. So, if the priority direction of the institution's work is the protection, promotion of health and physical development of children, medical cabinets, a swimming pool, a sports hall are equipped; if the artistic and aesthetic development of children, it provides for the availability of facilities for studios, theaters, exhibitions, etc.

The subject world of childhood is not only toys, but the entire environment surrounding the child, which contributes to physical, social, personal, cognitive, artistic and aesthetic development. Even the smallest should be accessible not only to the group premises, but also to other functional spaces of the pre-school institution, designed for adults or older children. Exit to a wide social world contributes to the full development of children, broadens their understanding of the environment. For example, when they visit a doctor's office or kitchen with a tutor, they observe the work of a doctor, a nurse, a cook. In the studio for visual or theatrical activity preschool children get acquainted with its design, consider the work of older children. In the winter garden will see exotic flowers, a fountain, rock slides, birds, lizards in the terrarium. They can transfer their impressions to their games and other activities.

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