Patterns of upbringing of personal qualities - Pedagogy. Theoretical pedagogy

Patterns of education of personality traits

Qualities that need to be brought up (formed) by upbringing are many. Willy-nilly, it is necessary to allocate priority (from Latin prior - first). Priority will be the upbringing tasks, reflecting eternal values ​​ life. Eternal human virtues have value today and will always have it. Among them:

- benevolence;

- moderation;

- Activity;

- accuracy;

- politeness;

- affability;

- discipline;

- performance;

- a sense of duty;

- a sense of national pride;

- patriotism;

- responsibility;

- the culture of communication;

- careful attitude to nature;

- respect for the rights and freedoms of other people

- honesty (truthfulness);

- sensitivity (mercy);

- responsibility for their actions

- organization;

- hard work;

- perseverance (purposefulness);

- modesty;

- collectivism (ability to work together);

- initiative (independence)

- efficiency (enterprising);

- responsibility;

- tactfulness

- the ability to behave in society;

- neatness (cleanliness);

- diligence;

- credulity;

- responsibility for your health;

- an active way of life;

- versatile education;

- following the spiritual commandments;

- the ability to establish relationships in the family;

- respect for parents;

- diligence;

- tolerance.

The schooling of the educational process is directed towards the upbringing of virtues.

Established important dependencies, which are manifested in the formation of personality traits and without observance of which the educational process is not successful. Consider this with the example of quality formation trust & quot ;. As you know, today there is a "crisis of confidence", which literally undermines the eternal values ​​that once cemented relations between people. The trustfulness of people to everyone and everything and to themselves, too, is approaching zero. If people do not start trusting each other again, the future of the world can be questioned.

A person has a gene of gullibility, he is activated under the influence of external factors. Education, the experience of life can switch it into a state of "distrust", and then the whole external environment is perceived by the person as a "hostile environment" in which one must survive and with which it is necessary to fight. It is not difficult to imagine what human life turns into.

Experiments conducted by Professor Frankfurt University M. Kosfeldom forced him to come to the conclusion that "trust is biologically embedded in a person". Cosfeld discovered that when two people begin to communicate with each other, their brains produce a hormone called oxytocin, which encourages them to show trust. Cosfeld claims that this is one of the distinguishing features of a person. When there is no trust, people in a certain sense cease to be people.

The studies identified factors that affect the education of trust. The first one is greed. People go to countless forms of deception, overwhelmed by greed, a passion for money and power. Sooner or later, their intentions and actions are revealed, confidence is reduced. If prominent public figures in political, economic, social and cultural circles are far from flawless, then ordinary people have no reason to be ideal.

The second reason is success at any cost. According to some reports, university students in Germany pay thousands of euros as a bribe to teachers for the title of doctor who is considered a sign of prosperity in this country. According to a study covered in the "New York Times", many students who violate ethical norms state that "they are going to strictly follow the laws of ethics" after of how you will succeed.

The third most important influence is the lack of an example to follow. A lot is written about the fact that young people do not have any moral compass. Only the reason is hushed up. In fact, no teachers, no mentors, no one else in the society has helped youth create this moral compass and live it.

Fourth reason - double standards. In a study involving 30,000 high school students, 98% said they consider honesty an important component of human relations. And yet, eight out of 10 admitted that they lied to their parents, and 64% said that they wrote off exams last year.

Of course, there are other reasons that influence the formation of this quality, and these reasons are not accidental, but a legitimate nature.

Summarizing, we formulate the law of education of trust. Productivity of education of trust in schoolchildren depends: 1) from knowledge of causes; 2) a personal example of mentors; 3) purposeful exercises; 4) self-education.

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