Perception of each other in interaction - Interaction...

Perception of each other during interaction

Interaction in the educational process is associated not only with learning and development, but also with the perception of each other by its participants, so the effectiveness of learning depends on how the learner and the learner perceive each other. The process of perception is associated with perceptual competence, contributing to mutual understanding of communication participants. By perception in social psychology is understood the integral image of another person, formed on the basis of his evaluation. From the point of view of social psychology, image is a kind of image emerging as a result of social cognition. The term "social perception", or "social perception ", was first introduced by the American psychologist J. Bruner who showed that the perception of other people depends not only on their personal and professional characteristics, but also from sociocultural factors. The perceptive process explores four parameters:

1) the subject of perception;

2) the object of perception;

3) the actual perception process;

4) the formed image as a result of this process.

When assessing yourself and other people, they usually assess their social status, role and influence in society, in the group, and in practice it is noticed that the higher the social status of the evaluated, the more generally the image of a person is favorable.

In the process of business communication, the perceptual function acts as a regulator of communication, and the choice of a particular line of behavior in each specific interaction situation presupposes the perception-evaluation of its basic elements, namely:

- Interoperability partners

- yourself,

- the situational context of communication as a whole.

By what signs does a person learn about how he is perceived and evaluated by his interaction partners? This information is usually obtained, as was noted in Ch. 5, by observation and analysis. A person observes the reaction of people to their behavior and actions or decisions taken, and also compares these reactions to what has caused them. As a result, based on the analysis of assessments and reactions of others, a person can indirectly judge about his personal and professional qualities, about the level of evaluation of his behavior by others.

The perception of another person may be adequate (ie, relevant to the reality) and/or distorted because of the attribution of personality (for various reasons) of certain properties. Often the reflection of the other is inadequate due to the individual characteristics of the partner and lack of communication skills, as well as poorly developed skills read character or intentions of others on the elements of physiognomy or non-verbal signals. So, according to the data of psychologists (for example, E. E. Smirnova), only 50% of people know how to correctly assess the type of occupation at first impression. As a rule, the external appearance of people is also superficially remembered. One in five incorrectly remembers the growth (high, medium, low), one in four - the color of the eyes and hair, almost half of people can not correctly reproduce the type and facial expression, the shape of the nose. Only one in 10 is able to accurately depict the hair, clothing, posture, voice and gesticulation.

Interpersonal perception is seen as a process of perception, cognition and understanding of each other's people. The skills of an adequate evaluation of participants in the interaction in the educational process are manifested, as a rule, in the ability to understand the mood of others in verbal and nonverbal behavior. So, for example, for determining the parameter of superiority, assessing the status of an interaction participant, there are at least two main sources of information at the disposal of each:

1) Appearance, ie. physical characteristics of a person (external attractiveness, growth, eye color, hair density), his clothing and its adequacy of interaction, aesthetics and taste, as well as attributes such as insignia: glasses, hair, awards, accessories, and in certain cases a machine , cabinet settings, gifts, etc .;

2) behavior, manners and style - actions taken, actions performed, expressive reactions, and also how a person enters, sits down, talks, what his facial expressions are, where his eyes are directed and how he looks (at point blank eyes, eyes, glancing eyes or avoiding eye contact), what are his characteristic gestures, timbre and loudness of voice, rhythm and manner of speaking, which place at the table he prefers to occupy.

However, it must be remembered that these sources are really significant only because the information is stored in them in accordance with the historically established stereotypes of the first impression. As practice shows, in most cases, giving preference to one or another specialist, people around him often rely not on rational arguments and critical analysis of his achievements, developed programs and projects, not on a detailed study of his biography, personal and professional qualities, but rely, rather, on intuition, sometimes speculation and on a set of external impressions about a person, i.e. a hundred visual image, image.

In connection with what has been said, in order to achieve professional success and realize the planned career, the key factor is the positive image of the teacher about himself, the ability to effectively and productively establish the first contact and relationships with different people, the ability to create and use presentation materials, the skill of self-promotion and positioning.

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