Requirements for the personality of a modern teacher
In the educational process a huge role belongs to the teacher. From his skill, the wealth of his personality, the effectiveness of training depends. Ya. L. Komensky saw the task of a humanist educator in raising the spirituality of a person. The educator is focused on stimulating the self-discipline of a growing person (restraining drives, curbing impatience, anger, etc.), moral aspirations (justice towards other people, willingness to yield, service, to benefit their services to as many people as possible, etc.) ). His "tools" - and instruction, and "examples of decent life," and "exercises", most importantly - the organization of orderly, diverse, morally directed activity, an activity long enough to lay habits of work, useful occupations that would resist laziness, idleness and idleness. "
The great role of the educator was revealed by German educator G. Lessing in the work of 1780. "Education of the human race". He stressed that education is a revelation given to an individual. G. Lessing believed that the teacher should inspire confidence. As such a teacher, the Enlightener considered Christ. He inspired confidence with his prophecies, which seemed to have been realized in Him, inspired confidence in the miracles he performed; by his resurrection after death, by which he sealed the truth of his teaching. " The disciples of Christ, keeping him faithful, brought to the world his teaching. Even if their only merit was that they spread the truth among many peoples, this alone would allow them to be attributed to the educators and benefactors of the human race.
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The teacher loves the children whom he brings up. It does not seem to need any proof. However, such a phrase can be trivial. Ns accidentally the great teacher J. Korczak called his book "How to love children". It turns out that loving children is a real art. The fact is that the child is not an angel at all. Moreover, he does not know much. "The child does not understand the future, does not like parents, does not know about the motherland, does not comprehend God, respects no one and knows no duties. He says "when he grows up," but does not believe in it, calls his mother "most-beloved", but does not feel it: his homeland is a garden or a courtyard. God for him is a kind uncle or fidget-grumbler. The child pretends to respect, yielding to the power embodied for him in the one who ordered and watches. It must be remembered that you can order not only with the help of a stick, but also with a request, and with a gentle look. Sometimes a child guessed the future, but these are only moments, a kind of clairvoyance. "
According to Rousseau, the teacher must first of all feel in each child or student a person, a person. "Man be a man, this is your first duty," Rousseau says. In the opinion of the Enlightener, the teacher is only a watchman and guardian of the child from spoiling and other influences. The problem of education interested Rousseau from the very beginning of his creative path. He wrote to his father in 1735 about a special attraction to the activities of a teacher-mentor, which he implements by motivation, becoming a home teacher. The philosopher believed that the educator is faced not only with the task of directly forming the personality of a person who begins life, but also with the most important task of harmonizing all aspects of the educational process.
As in Rousseau's time, so today the results of the educational process are largely determined by the personal characteristics of the educator, the direction of his activities, his ability to understand the characteristics of the student as a person, distinguished by a unique identity, formed not only by his genetics, but also by the conditions of his entire life . To see this peculiarity, objectively assess the merits and demerits of each pupil and, on the basis of this, to reveal the possibilities of a person - all this is a condition for effective educational work. However, the advantages of this approach can be realized to the greatest extent only if the educator is not only a professional but also a spiritually rich and free-thinking personality who can see and evaluate each pupil.
In modern conditions, as a result of the rapid development of psychology and sociology, the teacher does not always succeed in maintaining the ideal of the harmony in education that Rousseau spoke about. A scientistic approach is also dangerous, when the danger of human robotics increases. A threat of this kind was noted by scientists back in the middle of the last century. So, the creator of cybernetics, Norbert Wiener, noted the destruction of the ideal in the work "The Creator and the Robot". Appeal to the art of education can avoid scientistic errors. J.-J. Rousseau developed a harmonious system of personality formation, which provides mental, physical, moral, labor education, i.e. approached the problem of education comprehensively.
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The modern teacher only meets the requirements of the modern pedagogical process when he is a person of versatile culture. A young woman wrote a letter to a newspaper. It was a kind of confession about how difficult it is to have a relationship with a loved one. Her husband is a representative of the exact sciences. He believes in the miraculous power of science. Knowledge for him is something that can be expressed by formula, calculation, proof. However, what does personal life have to do with it? It would seem, not so significant feature. His wife loves poetry. She is able to cry over the block line. To a loved one this is strange. To take to heart the invented passions? Suffer because of some fictional events? How far from the strict world of theorems and proofs!
Someone, after reading these lines, will think: what is there to argue about? In each class, in each audience there are children who are easily given the exact sciences. They easily perceive mathematics and physics. But often with this, literature and history are a stumbling block for them. But others, on the contrary, easily acquire humanitarian knowledge, i.e. the information that relates to man, humanity, society and consciousness. The natural and technical sciences seem to them less interesting. They often rely on fantasy, general reading, rather than experiment, logical reasoning, mathematical proof.
It turns out that a different attitude towards the sciences - not just a separate stroke to the portrait of a person. Serious psychological problems can arise here. The letter was written almost half a century ago. At this time in our country, yes, perhaps, and all over the world, a physicist was a hero of youth. After all, he discovered the secrets of the universe. Is the most talented poetic line comparable to such a feat? Meanwhile, poetry is a miracle no less than a mathematical formula. Perhaps, once in a century there may be something like Lermontov's And the star with the star says ... It was a time when the technique celebrated its triumph. It was in the early 1960s. the first satellite of Earth left in space. It was than proud.
A woman told me in a letter how she suffers from the ridicule of her husband, who sees in her enthusiasm some kind of fad. She understood that her husband was mistaken in something, and wanted to hear the advice of the editorial board about this. The letter was sent to the well-known United States writer I. Ehrenburg, a prominent publicist of those years, and was asked to comment on the message. I. Ehrenburg wrote an article about how important it is to bring up the subtlety of feelings, experiences.
But that's amazing. In their assessment of the article, readers diverged. Some took the side of her husband and wrote that only accurate knowledge can cause real romantic feelings. Others, as if contrary to the prevailing opinion, recalled how a huge role in the life of mankind was played by philosophy, literature, history. The society was divided into "physicists" and lyricists & quot ;. The editors published a whole page of readers' comments on Ehrenburg's article. The heading for the band was taken from one letter. This line was remembered by many: And in the cosmos a branch of lilac will be needed ... So it is so. However, the problem itself is not exhausted by a successful aphorism.
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