SOCIAL AND PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE CHILD, Formation of the...

SOCIAL AND PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE CHILD

In the sphere of social and personal development, the main directions of pedagogical work are:

• the formation of a positive attitude toward oneself and the self-image of the child;

• the formation of social skills;

• the development of gaming activities

• communication with peers ..

Forming a positive attitude of the child to himself

For the formation and support of a child positive attitude towards themselves teachers should create such conditions that he felt his importance to others, their love, was confident that will always receive support and help from their side. All this forms the child's trust in the world and provides an opportunity to actively and effectively absorb it.

Therefore it is desirable to create such situations as often as possible, where every child is the center of attention. Children must be named by name, using the name of the child in games, games, songs. In a group room it is desirable to place photos of children so that everyone can see and recognize themselves in a photo, show it to children and adults. You can make an album in which family photos of children are collected, group pictures, etc. It is also necessary to exhibit drawings, crafts of each child, show them to parents, employees, children, and praise them in his presence. A good way to put the baby in the spotlight is to celebrate birthdays, make and give gifts.

It is very important to show interest in his feelings and preferences, talk with him about parents, about the events in his life, his favorite games, toys. Adults should react sensitively to all experiences of the child, rejoice with him, sympathize with grief, help him understand the cause of this or that experience, expressing it in words.

Adults should promote the development of the child's ideas about their appearance. Pay attention to the color of his eyes, hair, clothes, emphasize his dignity. This can be done both in direct communication, and looking at it with his reflection in the mirror, where you can see the details, usually invisible to the kid, for example, a bow on the back, a picture on the back pocket, etc. As a rule, kids are happy to consider themselves in mirror, smile at their reflection, call themselves by name, try to correct something in their appearance. This indicates that the primary image of himself in the child is already sufficiently decorated, stable, that he has formed a positive attitude towards himself.

If, when examining himself in the mirror, he is tense, shows signs of anxiety, fear or bewilderment, looks away from his face, this can serve as a signal of ill-being in the development of the child's personality. Perhaps parents or caregivers have little interest in him, do not communicate with him enough, play little. Due to the fact that the attitude of adults to the child as a person is poorly developed, the attitude of the baby to himself also does not have a bright positive emotional coloring, the image of himself is not sufficiently clear and defined, which is reflected in the behavior in front of the mirror. In order to correct the image of oneself, the leading lines of the child's mental development in the first year of life should be restored to full-fledged level - emotional and personal communication and practical cooperation with him. It is necessary to begin with those contacts, which are preferable for him at the given time. If the child prefers joint practical work with an adult and avoids emotional contact, they should be gradually introduced in the process of joint play. If he prefers emotional contacts, he should, after satisfying the need for emotional communication, gradually introduce joint actions with objects. These recommendations should be followed by the educator and advised to adhere to their parents' child.

Throughout the early age, the child's differentiation of his abilities, abilities and actions is increasingly distinct, his relation to himself as to the acting subject on the one hand and a certain a unique integrity, possessing the constancy of features and characteristics, on the other. All these changes in the image of oneself in a child are evident in his behavior. By the end of the second year, all children accurately show their nose, eyes, mouth, recognize themselves in the pictures, they know where their place is at the table, what clothes to wear for a walk. To form a child's ideas about their abilities, it is necessary to celebrate the successes of each child, comment on his actions, encourage persistence in activities. Pay attention to the child's mistakes delicately; helping to correct them, an adult must necessarily support in the child the certainty that he will soon learn everything correctly.

In the third year, children usually have a clear idea of ​​themselves as a boy or girl, and therefore, at this age, attention should be paid to the formation of gender-role identification in the child: to indicate the characteristics of the hairdress and clothes of boys and girls, to offer girls in games be a mom, aunt, nanny, boys - dad, uncle, chauffeur, etc. As a rule, in the early age groups there are mainly toys for girls. (dolls and care products) and toys, neutral from the point of view of polo-role membership (cubes, balls, pyramids). Such traditional toys for boys, like typewriters, soldiers, knights, horsemen, toy hammers, pliers, etc. are often absent. However, in the group room and on the site there should be toys for both girls and boys. This does not mean that girls can only play with dolls, and boys with cars. Everyone has the right to play with those toys that he likes, but the assortment should be chosen in such a way as to stimulate games that promote gender-role identification.

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