Social formation of personality is a natural, continuous process. It determines how a person becomes as a person, to what extent and how he realizes himself in life, how he influences the environment of life.
Many of the social problems of man and the ability to solve them independently are mainly determined by his social development. This chapter provides for the consideration of the following problems: social development of a person; social activity of a person as a social and pedagogical phenomenon; features of the development of social activity of adolescents.
As a result of studying the chapter, the learner must:
• patterns, categories, principles and methods of social pedagogy;
• the specifics of social development;
be able to
• Analyze and study the main trends of social development;
• A system of knowledge about the forms and methods of social development, the essence of social activity of the individual as a factor of social development of the individual.
Social development and social activity of the person
Basic concepts : social development, social activity of the personality, pedagogical features of the phased development of the personality, types of parental relations, activity and strategy of the individual's life, productive labor activity, social activity, labor social activity , social and political social activity, forms of social activity.
The essence of human social development
Development is a directed, natural change of something under the influence of external and internal factors. As a result of development, qualitative and quantitative changes occur. Social development of the personality is a quantitative and qualitative change of personal structures in the process of the formation of a person, his socialization and upbringing in a certain social environment. It is a natural and natural phenomenon, characteristic of a person who is from birth in a social environment.
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The social development of a person has a continuous but uneven character. Its continuity lies in the constant need for social change, preservation, loss of social experience as a natural social growth of man. The social in the person is enriched, acquires or loses something, keeps a certain level of the possible in something, etc. The unevenness of social development is expressed in the fact that it does not have a linear and permanent character.
This process varies depending on many factors, including age, type of temperament, predisposition, human condition, environmental conditions, self-activity, etc.
By human social development is generally understood as a process in which the assimilation of the traditions of culture and society in which it grows, the formation of values takes place. And the family as its main and basic cell becomes a kind of conductor that, from generation to generation, brings the experience and knowledge accumulated earlier. To ensure that the perception of the world around the individual does not become distorted, parents create the right psychological atmosphere in the house - an atmosphere of trust and mutual respect. This is the primary social education of children.
Social development of a person is a long educational process in which teachers, parents, grandparents and teachers participate. In the process of social development, not all parties give a correct assessment of how the child absorbs the values, traditions, culture of society or the community in which he lives. Playing with friends, dealing, communicating with adults and peers, he gets social development and learns to live next to people, take into account their interests, rules and norms of behavior in society. Proper social development of the child creates his character socially adapted, competent to life situations and determines his future. In fact, the future of the child is being formed today, by what and by whom will your child determine exactly the social development of the child.
What affects the social development of a person?
As a rule, a person's social development, first of all, takes place in the family, which is the main conductor of knowledge, values, attitudes, roles and customs from generation to generation. The most important factors influencing the child's social development are the atmosphere in the family, the emotional contact of the child with the parents, the position of the child in the family structure, and the style of upbringing. The way parents communicate with children depends largely on the style of upbringing, which, in turn, is determined by the values that are accepted in the family and which parents want to pass on to their children. In some families, "fitness" is valued. - Comfortable behavior, in others Conflict - independence in decision-making, in the third "selfishness" - reaching your own I .
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In cases where the child spends most of his time in kindergarten, the process of his socialization includes educators and other employees of pre-school educational institutions. In some cases, the speech of adults, in others - their example has an impact on the formation of the child's personality, the style of his thinking and behavior. Thus, the child adapts to life in the community, learns the skills of interaction and communication with other people. This process occurs, on the one hand, in the form of direct instructions that adults give to children, on the other - in the form of monitoring their behavior, which adults often carry out with the help of prohibitions or punishments. At preschool age, the functions of self-control are still poorly developed for children, so for their social development, what tools and methods adults use to monitor the behavior of children is of great importance.
The next stage of a person's social development is the transition to a personal form of communication. It is typical for children aged 6-7 years. At this time, the questions of children acquire a specific orientation - they are increasingly asking about the person and his purpose. At this stage, the adult is omnipotent in the eyes of the child, i. E. role model. It is very important to feel this moment and provide the child with the necessary help and support, especially if he doubts something in some way or worries for any reason. At this age, the child begins to form his own style of behavior, although so far, by analogy with the manner of actions of an adult nearby. Therefore it is very important who is with the baby at the moment - he is extremely influenced and flexible as plasticine. At the age of 6-7 years, it is vital for him to communicate with peers: in this case, the child's social development proceeds more harmoniously and smoothly. Socialization of toddlers must pass most painlessly, and an adult - teacher or educator - should create an appropriate atmosphere for this process. So everyone in the team will feel part of a whole and at the same time be able to preserve their individuality.
The easiest way for children to adapt to the social environment during games. It is worth paying attention to the nature of manipulations produced by children: most often these are actions that copy the behavior of adults. The kid creates an imaginary situation, trying on the vital roles of parents, teachers, doctors, thus unconsciously preparing himself for entering the big world. The game is also useful because in the process the child learns to find a way out of various situations, including those based on a contradiction, conflict. Of course, gaming is not the only factor that contributes to the social development of children. It's very important to have classes and exercises that allow you to develop your horizons, acquaintance with literature and music, and, of course, trusting conversations with parents and teachers, during which children have an opportunity to discuss their actions and thoughts.
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