SOCIAL RELATIONS AND SOCIAL INTERACTION IN VARIOUS SPHERES OF THE COMPANY'S LIFE
In this chapter, the content of social relations is considered as an important element of society, significant for pedagogical science. The chapter outlines the nature and structure of social relations, the features of various types of social relations, the correlation of social relations and interaction as socio-pedagogical phenomena, the organization of interaction in social and pedagogical activity, as well as the pedagogical potential of social relations, its content, evaluation, forms and methods of its realization in society.
As a result of studying the chapter, the learner must:
• the main characteristics of social relations as an element of society and its pedagogical potential;
be able to
• organize the implementation of the pedagogical potential of social relations in the educational process;
• A system of knowledge about the forms and methods of developing and implementing the pedagogical potential of the socium in social and pedagogical activity.
Social relations, interaction as a social pedagogical phenomenon
Basic concepts : social, social relations, social interaction, professional relations; territorial relations, partnership relations; collectivist relations; friendly relations; family relationships; marital relations; child-parent relations; social status, social roles, norms in social relations, rights in social relations.The problem of social relations in social pedagogy occupies an important place in the study of society, its structure, its pedagogical potential and role in resolving the problems of socialization of the individual.
The concept of social relations occurs in the literature in the context of "public relations"; - these are the diverse connections between social groups, classes, nations, and also within them in the process of their economic, social, political, cultural activities; determine the essential aspects of the personal relationships of people who are connected by direct contacts.
In the course of joint activities, people enter into social relations corresponding to the nature of this activity: economic, pedagogical, managerial, artistic, scientific, etc.
According to LA Zelenova, social relations are a set of links and delimitation of individuals and social communities in the general sphere of their being, in the general sphere of their activity. Social relations - this is a common generic concept for social relations, expressing the community, similarity, unity of people, and for social boundaries, expressing the difference, isolation, identity of people.
In order to determine the role and place of social relations in society, it is important to understand the existing interrelations and interdependencies of social relations and social interaction. In considering such a form (social relations) of realizing the potential of the society, including the inclusion of children and adults in social relations, in social interaction, activities, it is important to designate social relations in general and social interaction in particular, manifested primarily in social activities. >
In practice, they often identify the concepts of "social relations" and social interaction & quot ;. In fact, these are two sides of the same coin, only with the difference that social relations characterize the static characteristics of society and society in a greater degree, and social interaction is its dynamic characteristic.
In understanding the nature of social relations, the social status of a person is important. The content and nature of social relations primarily determine the status of each individual person who does not directly enter into social relations, but only indirectly through their carriers. Consequently, social relations (structurally) include: social status, nature and responsibilities, a functional relationship of statuses.
Social relations as a complex integrative social phenomenon can not be characterized unambiguously. For the disclosure of the diversity of their species, a classification is required for a number of reasons:
a) in the form of social interaction distinguish cooperative relations; competitive relations; conflict relations;
b) types of actions of social interaction - physical relationships; verbal relations; gestures;
c) social role - officer relations; service relations; professorial relations; entrepreneurial relations;
d) social status - national relations; related relations; noble relations;
e) spheres of society - political relations; economic relations; demographic relations; religious relations; professional relations; territorial relations;
e) the content of the subject - pedagogical relations; psychological relations; legal relations; moral relations;
g) the level of socialization of a person - adaptive relations; disadaptive relationships; adaptive relations;
h) the results of socialization - criminal relations; marginal relations; criminal relations;
и) level of social values - negative attitudes; positive relationships; biased relationships;
k) departmental affiliation - educational relations; penitentiary relations; municipal relations; interdepartmental relations;
л) values of participants - friendly relations; good relations; love relationship; demonstrative relationships;
м) age level of participants - child-parent relations; intergenerational relations; respectful relationship; familiarity.
Specifically distinguish interpersonal relationships, which are characterized by direct contact of social actors. In the logic of the development of interpersonal relations, it is possible to identify certain areas that express a quantitative change in the quality of relations and can be defined by the following concepts: acquaintance; buddies; comrades; friends; loving; spouses (marriage); family.
Family - the highest form of development of interpersonal relationships, in it in the removed form all levels of the person's movement to the person are represented.
Beyond the limits of interpersonal relations, all other types of human relations develop: industrial-labor, national, political, legal, scientific, etc. Of course, one must bear in mind that people bring their personal attitudes, positions, attitudes to the work collective, to work, to the firm, the Duma, the school, the university.
For a specialist, it is important to distinguish social relations in society that primarily reflect the main activity of everyday life, because the typology of social relations is derived from the typology of activity: economic activity - economic relations, managerial activities - management relations, environmental activities - environmental relations and e.
For a social pedagogue, when studying the potential of social relations, especially a conflict type, it is important to always find the basic, original reasons to draw the right conclusions not only about the causes of the conflict, but also about possible effective ways of resolving it when forecasted, warnings).
In the process of social relations, there is a pedagogical influence on the qualitative change in the social environment, the society and the individuals who represent it.
Social relations are multilateral mutually beneficial social contacts, the result of which is a socially significant product of cultural property. The essence of this product is to create the necessary conditions for the realization of the needs of the subjects of relations. To socially significant product of social relations it is possible to carry: in social relations - a healthy social and psychological climate; public acceptance; status approval; in family relations - love, mutual understanding, mutual assistance, mutual patience, mutual trust; in economic relations - contract, contract, loan, deposit, surety, property; in pedagogical relations - an increase in knowledge, skills and abilities that are significant for the socialization of the individual at a given age period of her life or in a given social situation; in official relations - recognition of rights, duties; in interethnic relations - a treaty, parity, recognition of the status quo; in religious relations - the recognition of norms, customs, traditions. The product of social relations is the carrier of various potential socium: labor, economic, pedagogical, interethnic, family, religious, child-parent, etc.
Each type of social relationship corresponds to a pattern type of behavior aimed at fulfilling the rights and obligations prescribed to a particular status. From the banker, the people around expect one type of behavior, and from the unemployed - quite different. This behavior, which corresponds to the expectations of those who are functionally related to this status, is called a role. Other role behavior is not called. Social norms - prescribed rules of behavior - characterize the role, not the status.
The role is also referred to as the dynamic side of status. There is a close relationship between dynamic and static characteristics, and hence the effect of one on the other.
Therefore, the words dynamic & quot ;, behavior & quot ;, norm indicate that we are dealing not with social relations, but with social interaction.
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