Sociometric chart, Sociometric table, Sociomatrix...

Sociometric card

With the purpose of studying the moral and psychological climate in the team, students are asked to fill out a sociometric card. If respondents are at a loss or do not want to give direct answers, you can use the cipher: give your answers by putting the order numbers (or symbols pre-registered) corresponding to the names of the selected candidates, and guided by the attached list.

No.

п/п

Criteria questions

Answers (the names of the selected candidates)

1

Who would you most like to work with in the same group?

2

Who would you most like to work with in the same group?

3

Which of the members of your team would you most like to spend your vacation with? and others

The number of names for each criterion and question can be limited or not limited. Most often sociometry with restriction of elections is used in groups with a considerable number of members (usually from 15 to 50 or more people), as well as in inter-group surveys. At the same time, experts believe that the size of the restriction should allow choosing at least 20-30% of the names of the members of the group. So, for a group of 25 people this restriction must be at least five. If a restriction is introduced, this is stipulated in a specially prepared instruction for filling sociometric cards.

A sociometric survey can be conducted front, when all subjects fill in the cards simultaneously (in the workplace), or individually, when each interviewee chooses the most convenient place for himself. In all cases, the card is filled exclusively by itself, without any clue from the outside. It is advisable that a sociometric survey be accompanied by a specialist: a psychologist, a sociologist, an educator.

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Sociometric table

Processing of sociometric survey data is carried out for each criterion separately. As an illustration, we can cite a table (sociomatrix), for example, by the criterion: "With whom would you most like to work together?", Let's assume that the poll was conducted in a group of six people. Sociometry without restriction of elections. The number of elections received is the degree and nature of the development of the need for communication with the members of the group. An example of an encrypted sociometric table.

No.

п/п

Who chooses

Number of selectable

Number of elections given

1

2

3

4

5

6

+

-

Total

1

A

X

0

+

0

+

0

2

0

2

2

In

-

X

0

-

+

-

1

3

4

3

P

+

0

X

0

+

0

2

0

2

4

C

0

-

0

X

+

0

1

1

2

5

T

+

+

0

0

X

0

2

0

2

6

X

0

0

0

0

0

X

0

0

0

Number

sex

cated

election

+

2

1

1

0

4

0

8

-

1

1

0

1

0

1

4

Total:

3

2

1

1

4

1

12

Legend:

+ - positive status;

- - negative status;

0 - zero selection (indifference).

In this table, the greatest personal attraction is No. 5 - "informal" leader by the criterion of joint work, and zero attraction for number 6 - isolated member of the group.

Sociomatrix (table)

Studying the relationship in a pedagogical collective or in a learning group, you first need to build a simple sociomatrix. An example of an open sociometric table is given below. The results of the elections are broadcast on the matrix using conventional symbols. The results tables are filled in the first place, individually for business and personal relationships.

No.

Last name

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

1

Ivanov

+ 1

+2

+3

-1

2

Petrov

+ 1

+3

+2

3

Sidorov

-1

+1

+2

+3

4

Danilov

+2

+1

+3

5

Alexandrova

+2

+1

+3

-3

-2

6

Adamenko

7

Petrenko

+ 1

+3

8

Kozachenko

+ 1

+3

+2

9

Yakovleva

+2

+ 1

+3

-1

10

Shumskaya

+2

+ 1

+3

-1

Number of elections

Number of points

Total amount

Legend:

+ - a positive choice;

- - negative selection.

The names of all the members of the group that are being studied are written down under the numbers; but the horizontal is only their number. At the corresponding intersections, the numbers +1, +2, +3 denote those who were chosen by each subject in the first, second, third queue; digits -1, -2, -3 - those whom the subject does not elect in the first, second and third queues.

The mutual positive or negative selection is crawled in the table (regardless of the order of choice). After the positive and negative elections are listed in the table, the algebraic sum of all the election results obtained by each member of the group (the sum of the elections) must be calculated vertically. Then you need to calculate the sum of points for each member of the group, taking into account that the choice is first of all equal to +3 (-3) points, to the second - +2 (-2), to the third - +1 (-1). After that, the total algebraic sum is calculated, which determines the status in the group.

The analysis of the sociomatrix for each criterion gives a fairly clear picture of the relationships in the group. It can also be built summary sociomatrix, giving the picture of elections by several criteria, as well as separate tables on the data of inter-group elections. The main merit of the sociomatrix is ​​the opportunity to present the elections in numerical form, which in turn allows to rank members of the group by the number of received and given elections, to establish the order of influences in the group. A sociomatrix is ​​based on the sociogram - a sociometric map (sociometric map).

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