Biological Time - Philosophy

Biological time

Q. I. Vernadsky has long pointed out that there are differences in the space and time of the living and inorganic, and this was noticed by many researchers. "To study a living organism only as a spatial body, not taking into account the simultaneous manifestation of time in it, the naturalist has no possibility, unfortunately, consciously he does not emphasize it. In the case of any living matter ... the naturalist has to deal in reality always, because he deals with his body or the totality of his bodies, not with space, but with space-time. This space-time is not that space-time, which is characterized by time as the fourth dimension of three-dimensional Euclidean space-time. It does not correspond to the Einstein space of four dimensions. This is real space-time, which is revealed by the symmetry of living matter, which is sharply different from the symmetry of inert natural bodies. "

A lot of facts have accumulated in favor of the fact that the topological and metric property of space and time of living systems differ

from inorganic. A characteristic feature of time in biological objects is that it is closely associated with information - biological time is inhomogeneous and flows unevenly: the organism changes, grows, grows old and dies due to its ability to accumulate information. According to I. Zeman, the accumulation of information means slowing down time: With the development of the body the same amount of physical time corresponds to an increasing amount of absorbed and accumulated information. Due to this, time with respect to information processes slows down, and the loss of information leads to an acceleration of time, the speed of its progress. Hence follows: the higher the level of organization of the living, the slower its own time flows .

Investigating the biochemical basis of our "sense of time", scientists have found that increasing body temperature forces chemical processes to flow faster, and this affects the time estimate by a person. According to J. Witrow, one of the reasons for the specificity of biological time is that "it is an internal time associated with the area of ​​space occupied by living cells that is relatively isolated from the rest of the universe."

It is assumed that in living objects (and in particular in forms of mental activity) the metrical and topological structure of space-time (dimensionality, continuity, and for time one-dimensionality, connectivity, ordering, unidirectionality) can change. In living systems, one of the most important topological properties of time is violated - its temporal ordering. It is expressed in the fact that time can not flow in both directions at once, but in a living organism this happens: in cells go negentropic processes (ie, there is a negative course of time), the organism as a macrosystem develops, grows old, and for it the ordinary world linear ordering of time (the positive course of time) is preserved. The existence of the direction of time as some physical reality follows even from the very possibility of life ... the essence of life lies in processes directed against the increase of entropy. This means that in organisms, in some processes, the course of time may differ from the global course of time. "

It turns out that at the micro level biological objects have a unique ability to change the course of time. The living attains great self-reliance: by its behavioral acts it takes possession of space and organizes its time. A. Bergson noted this specific feature of the organism's time, linking it with a special spiritual beginning.

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