Everyday and stable society., Everyday world as a...

Everyday and stable society.

Everyday life has a habitual, routine character, and due to this it is more than other social spheres, it provides stability and continuity of sociocultural forms. To everyday life, let us apply Yu. Lotman's thesis: "to preserve in the changes the immutability, and the immutability to make the form of changes . At the same time, everyday life, although it is stable and stable, does not oppose changes. As shown by Schutz, it is constantly changing and is like a river, in the waters of which you can not enter twice. But everyday life, as a special form of dynamic stability, forms the basis of social life and provides stability in conditions of social transformations.

However, with the growing pace of globalization, everyday life is increasingly less of a function of stability. It does not keep up with the rapid changes in the information, material, cultural, social environment of the postindustrial society. "From the sphere of stability, everyday life becomes more and more a sphere of risk, the source of which is precisely what was provided by security - its stable structures .

First, the economic and environmental risks created by global mobility and new production technologies, compel a modern person to quickly change consumer habits, the way of life, and even the place of work, place of residence. The benefits are gained by the "man mobile". In turn, the desire to preserve the conditions of being unchanged, to continue to rely on established structures in rapidly changing external circumstances, is fraught with significant social risks.

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Secondly, in modern society, adherence to customs, established patterns, fidelity to traditions and habits are often treated as signs of "backwardness". Therefore, modern man can no longer rely on the once established structures of everyday life, but he must choose them for himself from the set of possible ones, and the risk of such a choice must be borne by the person himself, so his everyday life increasingly becomes a source of not stability and reliability, but anxiety and uncertainty .

Everyday world as a world of experience.

A significant place in the content of the everyday world is occupied by irrational components of the spiritual world of the individual and social group. It is, first of all, about experiences, as emotionally-colored states of the inner world of the person.

In the process of experiencing, the subject and the object of experience act as an inseparable whole, the person does not separate himself from what he experiences, but, on the contrary, aspires to maximally "immerse himself" in a particular (pleasant or unpleasant) feeling. Since the experience is non-rational, and comprehension is a rational process, it turns out to be impossible to experience and rationally process the experience at the same time: any comprehension presupposes distancing from the object of comprehension. EV Zolotukhina-Abolina in this connection emphasizes that "ordinary world is a world of habits, stereotypes, worldly axioms, there is a large sphere of unconcerted (that generally does not need to be reprimanded, in the wording of the word) .

And. T. Kasavin and S. P. Shchavelev show that everyday life is associated with "sensual mastering" of typical life situations in the sphere of sleep, eating, socializing, free time, playing, working. They give a characterization of the basic forms of such sensual assimilation.

Everyday life is focused on acquiring skills of adaptation or patience as an antipode of fear. Obedience is not only burdened with care, but often cultivates ("There will be a day - there will be poverty"). In an alarm , found in everyday life, there is something both from fear and from care: it is care multiplied by fear.

Hope, directed outward, can distract from the present, tune in to the passive expectation of the future. Hope, directed inward, is a condition of active activity, a form of self-reliance, a trustworthiness of available knowledge.

Faith is a necessary component of everyday consciousness. Faith believes its object and ways of treating it as immutable entities.

Finally, the feeling of love, the anticipation of death put the boundary of everyday feelings, ensure their tension and vitality.

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