IN AND. Vernadsky. Philosophical thoughts of the naturalist...

V.I. Vernadsky. Philosophical thoughts of a naturalist

Chapter II. The manifestation of the historical moment experienced as a geological process. Evolution of species of living matter and evolution of the biosphere into the noosphere. This evolution can not be stopped by the course of world history of mankind. Scientific thought and life of mankind as its manifestation.

14. We are not yet conscious in our mind, we do not yet make all the consequences from that amazing, unprecedented time into which humanity entered the 20th century.

We live at a turning point, in an exceptionally important, essentially new era of the life of mankind, its history on our planet.

For the first time a person embraced with his life, his culture, the entire upper shell of the planet - in general the entire biosphere, the entire life-related region of the planet.

We are present and vitally involved in the creation of a new geological factor in the biosphere, which was unprecedented in power and in generality.

It has been scientifically established over the past 20-30 thousand years, but is clearly manifested with an ever accelerating rate in the last millennium.

Completed after many hundreds of thousands of years of unrelenting spontaneous aspirations, the coverage of the entire surface of the biosphere by a single social species of the animal kingdom - man. There is no corner on Earth that is inaccessible to him. There are no limits to its possible reproduction. With scientific thought and state-directed, guided technology, his life, man creates in the biosphere a new biogenic force that directs his reproduction and creates favorable conditions for the settling of parts of the biosphere, where his life did not penetrate, and even in some places whatever life.

Theoretically, we do not see a limit to its capabilities, if we take into account the work of generations; every geological factor is manifested in the biosphere in its entirety only in the work of generations of living beings, in geological time. But with the rapidly increasing accuracy of scientific work-in this case the methods of scientific observation-we can now clearly and clearly establish in the historical time the growth of this new, essentially emerging geological force.

Humanity is one, and although it is recognized in the overwhelming mass, this unity manifests itself in forms of life, which actually deepen and strengthen it imperceptibly for man, spontaneously, as a result of his unconscious aspiration. The life of mankind, for all its heterogeneity, has become indivisible, one. The event that occurred in the provincial corner of any point of any continent or ocean is reflected and has consequences - large and small - in a number of other places, everywhere on the surface of the Earth. Telegraph, telephone, radio, airplanes, balloons covered the whole globe. Relationships are becoming more simple and quick. Each year their organization increases, it grows rapidly.

We clearly see that this is the beginning of a spontaneous movement, a natural phenomenon that can not be stopped by the randomness of human history. Here, for the first time, perhaps, the connection of historical processes with the paleontological history of Homo sapiens reveals itself so clearly. This process - the full population of the biosphere - is due to the course of the history of scientific thought, is inextricably linked with the speed of communication, with the success of the technique of movement, with the possibility of an instantaneous transmission of thought, its simultaneous discussion throughout planet.

The struggle that is going on with this basic historical trend makes the ideological opponents actually obey him. State entities that do not ideologically recognize the equality and unity of all people try to stop their spontaneous manifestation without feeling embarrassed by the means, but there is little doubt that these utopian dreams can not be realized. This will inevitably affect the course of time, sooner or later, since the creation of the noosphere from the biosphere is a natural phenomenon, deeper and more powerful in its basis than human history. It requires the manifestation of humanity as a whole. This is its inevitable premise.

This is a new stage in the history of the planet, which does not allow us to use it for comparison without adjusting its historical past. For this stage creates in essence a new in the history of the Earth, and not only in the history of mankind.

A person first realistically realized that he is a resident of the planet and can - should - think and act in a new aspect, not only in the aspect of an individual, family or clan, states or their unions, but also in the planetary aspect. He, like all living things, can think and act in the planetary aspect only in the domain of life - in the biosphere, in a certain earthly shell, with which it is inseparably, naturally is bound and can not leave from which he can not. Its existence is its function. He carries it with him everywhere. And he inevitably, inevitably, constantly changes it.

15. Simultaneously with the complete coverage of the surface of the biosphere by the human being - the population of the biosphere, which is full of them, - closely related to the success of scientific thought, i.e. with its course in time, in geology a scientific generalization was created that scientifically reveals in a new way the character of the moment of its history experienced by man ...

... 23. Approximately two and a half thousand years ago, simultaneously (in the order of centuries) there was a deep movement of thought in the field of religious, artistic and philosophical in different cultural centers: in Iran, China, in Aryan India, in the Hellenic Mediterranean (present-day Italy), there were great creators of religious systems - Zoroaster, Pifagor, Confucius , Buddha, Lao Tzu, Mahavira, who embraced their influence, still alive, millions of people.

For the first time the idea of ​​the unity of all mankind, people as brothers, went beyond the limits of individuals who approached it in their intuitions or inspirations, and became the engine of life and life of the masses or the task of state entities. It has not since descended from the historical field of humanity, but it is still far from its realization. Slowly, with multi-hundred-year stops, conditions are created that make it possible to carry it out, realizing it.

It is important and characteristic that these ideas were included in the framework of those everyday real phenomena that were created in the life unconsciously, outside the will of man. They showed the influence of personality, the influence by which, organizing the masses, it can affect the surrounding biosphere and spontaneously manifest itself in it.

It used to be manifested in poetically inspired creativity, from which originated both religion, philosophy, and science, all of which are its social expression.

Religious leading ideas, apparently for many centuries, if not millennia, preceded philosophical intuitions and generalizations.

The biosphere of the 20th century is transformed into a noosphere, created primarily by the growth of science, scientific understanding and the social labor of humanity based on it. I will return below, in the subsequent presentation, to an analysis of the noosphere. Now it is necessary to emphasize the inseparable connection of its creation with the growth of scientific thought, which is the first necessary prerequisite for this creation. The noosphere can be created only under this condition.

24. And just in our time, from the beginning of the 20th century, an exceptional phenomenon is observed in the course of scientific thought. The pace of it is becoming quite unusual, unprecedented in the course of many centuries. Eleven years ago, I equated him to an explosion - an explosion of scientific creativity.

And now I can only more sharply and definitely assert it.

We are experiencing in the XX century. in the course of scientific knowledge, in the course of scientific creativity in the history of mankind, a time equal in meaning to which we can only find in its distant past.

Unfortunately, the state of the history of scientific knowledge does not allow us now to accurately and definitely draw from this empirical position the basic logical conclusions. We can only assert it as a fact and express it in a geological aspect.

The history of scientific knowledge is the history of the creation in the biosphere of a new basic geological factor - its organization, revealed spontaneously in the last millenniums. It is not accidental, it is natural, as the paleontological process is regular in the course of time.

The history of scientific knowledge has not been written yet, and we are just beginning to reveal in it - with great difficulty and with big gaps - the facts forgotten by humanity and not consciously mastered by humanity - we begin to look for the empirical generalizations that characterize it.

Scientifically understand this is a great, huge scientific and social importance phenomenon we still can not. Scientifically, understand - means to establish a phenomenon in the framework of scientific reality - the cosmos. Now we must simultaneously try to scientifically understand it and at the same time use its study to set the main milestones of the history of scientific knowledge - one of the most vital scientific disciplines of humanity.

We are experiencing a radical breakdown of the scientific worldview occurring during the life of today's living generations, we are experiencing the creation of vast new areas of knowledge that expand the scientifically encompassed space of the end of the last century, and in its space and time, beyond recognition, experience a change in scientific methodology , going with speed, which we would have been in vain to look for in the surviving annals and in the records of world science. With increasing speed, new methods of scientific work and new fields of knowledge are being created, new sciences that reveal to us millions of scientific facts and millions of scientific phenomena whose existence we did not suspect yesterday.

With difficulty and incompleteness, as never before, a single scientist can follow the progress of scientific knowledge.

Science is rebuilt before our very eyes. But, more than that, it seems to me, with amazing clarity, the influence of science, ever increasing, on our lives, on the living and the dead - the inert, us surrounding nature.

Science and the scientific thought that creates it reveal in this experiencing growth of science in the 20th century, in this social phenomenon of history of mankind, of deep significance, its own alien planetary character. Science is revealed to us in it in a new way.

We can study this phenomenon experienced by us - scientifically to study it - from two different points of view. On the one hand, as one of the main phenomena of the history of scientific thought, on the other - as a manifestation of the structure of the biosphere, revealing to us new great features of its organization.

The close and inseparable connection of these phenomena has never been so clearly faced by mankind.

We live in an era when this aspect of the course of scientific thought is revealed before us with extraordinary clarity - the course of the history of scientific thought appears before us as a natural process of the history of the biosphere.

The historical process - the manifestation of the world history of mankind is revealed before us - in one - by its main consequence as a natural, of great geological significance, a phenomenon.

This was not taken into account in the history of scientific thought, as its main feature, inseparable from it.

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