Moral Decisions In Daily Life

Moral decision making is something every individuals does on a regular basis, modifying their patterns to obey requirements of society which can be based upon a distributed system of worth. In its most simplistic form, moral decision making is performed with moral motives at heart, concerned with the differentiation between right and wrong by each individual. Moral decision making models and theories provide specific manuals and guidelines to help individuals unravel their moral deliberations. Two of the most well-known moral decision making models in school of thought are consequentialism and deontological theory, both which have advantages and weaknesses. Both models do promote some commonality but there are extensive issues of which they stand at opposition. All this must be studied under consideration before choosing which moral decision making model best works with an individual.

The consequentialist moral decision making theory expresses that an action is considered morally right provided that the results which result will be more positive than negative. An excellent aphorism for explaining the backbone of consequentialism is the fact "the ends justify the means. " Provided that a good end result results from an action, that act is considered morally just. Consequentialism can be agent-neutral or agent-focused and both approaches are well worth discussing to better understand the moral decision making model. Agent-Neutral consequentialism ignores the precise have an effect on an action has for just about any certain person and instead targets the results benefitting all. Agent-Focused consequentialism, on the other hands, is when the results of the moral decision are focused on the needs of your choice maker. Which means that the moral acting professional makes their decision so that implications resulting better themselves and the welfare of those they care about and not merely the overall welfare of culture.

The deontological moral decision making theory is another form of moral reasoning than consequentialism for a variety of reasons. Instead of consequentialism, deontological moral theory claims that the rightness of action or decision is not solely dependent upon making the most of the nice of contemporary society. Instead, deontological theory identifies the morally rightness or wrongness associated with an action from the action of the action itself, not the tendencies of the results. Deontological moral decision making provides distinctive guidelines for morally right and incorrect behavior for individuals to use when coming up with day to day options. This deontological moral guide places an increased value on the individual than on making the most of the nice for society. Actually, deontology actually has constraints to avoid an individual from maximizing the good if it hinders following the moral specifications of the guideline. Deontology is more open to interpretation than consequentialism, however, since it remains flexible for self-interpretation.

Consequentialism possesses advantages as a moral model that deontology will not. One of the strongest points and only consequentialism is in fact another theory which resulted from it known as utilitarianism. Utilitarianism was founded by Jeremy Bentham, an English philosopher, who assumed that the best moral action would cause the greatest best for the major amount of individuals. Following it permits calm tensions in society ensuring that the most people feel pleasure, rather than a large amount of individuals on border or in pain. However, consequentialism possesses weaknesses in its moral decision making too. Consequentialism triggers irresolvable morality dilemmas as it needs correlating principles which cannot be compared against each other on a single scale. A causing weakness of utilitarianism is that it's so focused on the interest of most so it overlooks the privileges of the individual which can result in injustice. One of the most inescapable weakness of consequentialism is the fact that is does not provide any route to its enthusiasts for which actions are right or incorrect, morally. The wrongness of the action can only be dependant on its effects and by that time it's too late to change your choice.

Deontological moral theory also possesses its own unique strengths and weaknesses. One of the advantages of deontological morality is the fact that it allows the individual to consider their own families, friends, and customized plans when making ethical decisions, instead of consequentialism which tends to be alienating in its decision making component. By putting more stress on the self-worth and personal capital of the individual deontology leads to a less flawed moral theory. Immanuel Kant, a well-known deontological philosopher, and his Kantian ethics are a strength of deontology as well because he stated that it's not the results of the activities that are right or incorrect but rather the motives of the individual doing the action. This causes the agent to have responsibility for many elements of their moral decision making, not only the results. However, the largest weakness of deontology is the fact it categorizes actions as right or incorrect, dark-colored or white, going out of no room for just about any gray area regardless of the obvious existence of many moral grey areas. Deontology is also hard to check out because its stringency leaves its followers sense unguided by their morals which lack prioritizing, in the end causing misunderstanding.

These are only two moral decision making models in beliefs and neither are actually the ideal. It is my opinion that the perfect moral decision making process must incorporate the advantages of consequentialism and deontology while wanting to compensate because of their errors. The very best decision making process must entail a person's own moral values combined with the knowledge that can be gained from learning a huge amount of moral theories and thoughts. Morals are subjective, and therefore each person or group of people may own their own set which differs from those of others. That is why the ideal process must be personal to meet up with the needs of the average person pursuing it. This compensates for deontology's insufficient lay claim of unchanging key points known as universal law. However, it will include the aspect of deontology that makes a person to be morally responsible for their own actions as this is its best idea. By forcing an individual to take into consideration how their decision will influence them and their own rather than population, leads, I really believe, to raised moral decisions being made. This combo decision making theory will also employ the process of tool, the best idea of Jeremy Bentham, which instructs individuals to do the best amount of best for the best amount of individuals. This coupled with deontology's concentrate on the individual's privileges dissipates the threat of consequentialism justifying genocide, torture or violence as necessary methods to a morally right end.

The ideal moral decision making process is difficult to identify, as morals fluctuate by specific and are subjective to different thoughts from one person to the next. However, there are areas of modern philosophical theories, consequentialism and deontology, which is often analyzed and used to help create an excellent guideline. Consequentialism is important since it focuses on the results of an action for the nice of humanity, something cannot be forgotten in an progressively more globalized world. Deontology makes the moral agent for taking responsibility because of their own actions instead of relying on another person to care, just as important to preserving moral societal benchmarks. Together the two create assessments and amounts, which, when combined with an individual's beliefs, allow for moral decision making that occurs with limited room for problem.

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