PERSONALITY IN THE SOCIETY
Society as a single-unit system of a certain set of people
Society is a kind of a single whole, consisting of people associated with a different degree of community. The community was historically preceded by the "community" characteristic of primitive forms of people's unification. This form of community goes back thousands of years, at the time of the herds' herd existence. Today the term community It is used with reference to human associations - groups of different sizes and principles of unification. We talk, for example, about a scientific, journalistic community. And in the ordinary consciousness the notion of society often figures in the sense of uniting a certain number of people for certain purposes (sports society, society of artists, etc.). But these societies or communities are part of society as a multitude that forms the whole state. The notion of community as a modern inter-state association of people is actively entering into life - on the basis of integrative global trends. We will consider this concept and the reality reflected by it in the form of modern state formations.
Human society is the highest stage in the development of living systems, the main elements of society are people, the forms of their joint activity, primarily labor and its products, spheres of the human spirit, various forms of property, politics and the state, etc. Society can also be defined as a self-organized system of people's behavior and their relationships with each other and with nature.
When we talk about human society as a whole (the world, the whole society), we have in mind such an association that includes all people. Without this, society would be only a known number of separate, disparate individuals who live separately in a given territory and are not connected by threads of community of interests, goals, deeds, labor activity, traditions, economy, culture, etc.
The notion of society covers not only all living people, but also all past and future generations, i.e. all of humanity in its history and perspective. The unification of people into an integral system occurs and is reproduced irrespective of the will of its members. In human society no one is enrolled on the application - the natural fact of birth inevitably involves a person in social life.
Human society is within itself a dismembered whole system that historically arose and continuously develops, passing through successive stages of qualitative transformations. General patterns of this system determine the nature of any element entering the system, direct its development. Consequently, every element of this system can be understood only in its singularity, but also in connection with other elements. Society is a single social organism , the internal organization of which is a collection of specific, characteristic for this system diverse connections. The structure of human society is formed by production and the resulting industrial, economic, social relations, including social, group, national, family relations; political relations and, finally, the spiritual sphere of society - science, philosophy, art, morality, religion, etc.
It is society that is the basic condition of more or less normal being and development of people, for a lonely man, left to himself, is powerless against the elements of nature; against predatory animals and "inhuman people". Society, protecting individual freedoms, at the same time restricts this freedom by certain norms, customs, rights and duties. But these limitations stem from the essence of the matter, that is, from the interests of members of society.
Civil society is the unity of different persons, which lives in the system of the rule of law, where the principle of protection of human rights operates. In a truly civil society every person is an end in itself and a higher one
value. According to Hegel, civil society is the association of members as independent subjects of the community on the basis of their needs and through a legal arrangement as a means of ensuring the security of persons and property; through the order of life for their special and common interests.
The fundamental principle of civil society is to ensure the life, well-being and dignity of the individual as a full-fledged citizen of a given society. Individual goals and interests, conditioned by the interests of the whole, determine the system of all-round dependence, so that the means of their implementation and the benefit of each person and his legal being are intertwined with the means of existence, the good and the right of all people. They are based on this and only in this connection are valid and assured. This system of society is civil society.
When civil society got some development, people refused (to some extent) from their natural freedom and submitted to the authority of the civil state. This gave them a true and valuable advantage, which they could only hope for with the advent of the civil principle. It was for him that they provided the state with the strength of all members of society, which makes it possible to enforce the laws. This is a true and valuable advantage for which people have united, is to protect each other from possible harm on the part of other people, as well as to resist their violence with an even greater force capable of punishing for the crimes committed.
It has long been noted that in society there are different social groups according to their position, interests and aspirations. It is these groups that make up the basis of the social structure of society.
The social structure is a historically established , ordered , a relatively stable system of links and relations between various elements of society as a whole : individual individuals and social communities of people (kind, tribe, nationality, nation, family), social groups.Born in the light, passing through the increasingly complex stages of education and upbringing, members of society are far from being homogeneous by their intellectual, moral and other data and, very significantly, but to their inclinations, interests, character, life and everyday opportunities. And every young citizen naturally or accidentally falls into a certain social group. In a reasonably organized economically and spiritually developed society, a wise Christian principle, aptly formulated by A. Saint-Simon, is implemented to some extent: "From each according to his abilities, to each and every one of his affairs". But, unfortunately, this principle can be realized only in an ideal society.
In the most reasonable society, equality can only be before the law, and in the rest there is inequality - people are not equal by birth, mind and character. Some are more suitable for one kind of activity, others for another. And society needs - for the interests of the whole and each of its components - all activities. In many respects because of this, the boundaries between classes, social groups are always relative, mobile. This means that for each individual representative of a particular social group there is a real possibility of social migration.
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