Information warfare philosophy
As a result of studying this chapter, the student must:
know about the main problems of the philosophy of information warfare, the new conditions of information confrontation and the modern concept of information warfare;
• know how operate with the concepts information war & quot ;, information weapons & quot ;, virtual political space & quot ;;
• own representations of the modern philosophy of information warfare.
Archimedes once said: "Give me a fulcrum, and I'll turn the Earth around". Today he would poke his finger into our electric means of communication and said: "I will lean on your ears, nerves, eyes and brain, and the world will revolve in any rhythm and in any manner as soon as I wish."
Information war as a civil war
One of the first in the open press about the phenomenon of information wars was written by Marshall McLuhan in the 1960s. Even then it was clear that the Cold War is conducted with the help of information technology, since at all times the wars were fought with the help of the most advanced technology that human culture has. And if hot the wars of the past used weapons that take out enemies in turn, one by one, then information persuasion with the help of cinema and television works by dipping the entire population into a new world of imagination. Compacted by the power of electricity, "the globe is now - nothing more than a village".
Herbert Marshall McLuhan (1911-1980), a Canadian philosopher, literary critic, culturologist, became the first and most significant theorist of electronic media, one of the most prominent figures in US social and intellectual life 1960-1970 -th. Initially an engineer (Manitoba University), and later a philologist by education (Cambridge, Trinity College), he taught literature at a number of universities (1936-1946). Since 1947 - Professor of Literature of the University of Toronto, in 1953-1955. - Head of the seminar on culture and communications in Toronto. Already in his first book, The Mechanical Bride. Folklore of an industrial person " (1951), devoted to the problems of advertising and its impact on the average American, was practically outlined the central theme for all his subsequent works, which brought McLuhan world fame. In the focus of his attention are the communication technologies that are fundamental for the formation and development of modern mass society. In the 1960s. McLuhan becomes one of the stars of American pop culture, "the prophet from Toronto". In the years 1963-1979. he heads the Toronto Center for Culture and Technology he has created, constantly lectures and courses at various universities. During this period, his most famous books that brought him worldwide fame are published: "Gutenberg's Galaxy" (1962), "Understanding Media: Human Continuations" (1964), "Medium is the Message" (1967), "War and Peace in a Global Village" (1968).
However, the most important thing is that new information technologies, if viewed as weapons, can turn into a total catastrophe for humanity, because as an instrument of politics information war means the existence of one society at the cost of excluding the other.
Today the hate speech of Allen Dulles, who directed US intelligence after World War II, is well known: "We'll give up everything we have - all the gold, all the material power for fooling and fooling people & lt; ... & gt; Having sown chaos, we will imperceptibly replace their values with false ones and force them into these values to believe & lt; ... & gt; Episode after episode will be played out grandiose in its scale the tragedy of the death of the most unconquered people, the final fading of his self-consciousness. "
The intellectual drama of the information society is that the power in it suddenly found itself in the hands of the intellectuals themselves. For a long time, those who were separated from the government and still in opposition from Voltaire's time, they were now called to serve in the highest echelons of power, decision-making centers: "Their great betrayal was that they gave their autonomy without a fight and became lackeys of power, as, for example, an atomic physicist, now in the service of military dictators, "wrote McLuhan. He hoped that the speed of electricity, gathering together all social and political functions in the media, would raise the awareness of the person's responsibility unprecedentedly. But how naive are his words today that thanks to electronic media we will have to "deeply participate in the consequences of each of our actions" and lose the ability to act without reacting to anything!
In this humanistic setting of McLuhan, one can find a deep faith in the higher harmony of all being that was still inherent in the intellectuals of the last century. Unfortunately, today, after only half a century, it is obvious: every invention of new weapons is becoming another catastrophe for society, and not McLuhan was right, but British culturologist Arnold Toynbee, who viewed the war as a process of achieving a balance between unequal technologies that leads civilizations to militarism and usually ends with their collapse.
Now geopolitics have become very narrowly interpreted the concept of "information war". Very revealing in this sense is the definition given by LG Ivashov: "Information confrontation as a form of geopolitical confrontation is a combination of relations of information protection and information rivalry of opposing geopolitical subjects." Meanwhile, in the era of globalization, information confrontation in geopolitics acquires a much wider context, going beyond the information rivalry of opposing geopolitical subjects, since the battle goes for the minds and hearts of the majority of humanity.
The global context of information wars as civil wars was revealed by the American futurist Alvin Tofler in his "Metamorphoses of Power" (1990). Informational wars, Toffler emphasized, are raging in our souls, because it's about how people think and how they make decisions, what is the system of knowledge and ideas, and imagination is just as important a factor as information in general. Based on this context, it is more accurate to define the modern information war in the broadest possible terms.Information warfare is a systematic information impact on the entire enemy infocommunication system and neutral states with the aim of creating a favorable global information environment for any political and geopolitical operations that provide maximum control over space. >
Defining an information war as a civil war is legitimate, because information technology is hosted at home, forcing everyone to be more receptive to one idea, to remain deaf, blind and unfeeling to others. The task is to undermine the goals, views and outlook of people, destroying the society from within. At the same time, the greatest danger is that the information enemy is completely invisible and completely unknown. In the public opinion, a stereotype emerged, according to which only the way and means of mass communication is used is of paramount importance. However, according to McLuhan's witty remark, "the content of a media communication message is like a juicy piece of meat that a thief brings with it to lull the watchfulness of our sentient mind."
Under the influence of the media, the visible world has ceased to be a reality, having turned into a virtual, entirely constructed world of fiction, created by professional technologists. The very perception or contemplation of a new symbolic world, as well as the use of virtual technologies, make people look like virtual characters. In the era of information wars, the vicious cycle closes: those who are engaged in information manipulation, are the first victims of these bloodless operations and soon can no longer distinguish fiction from reality, as a liar must believe in the fiction he created. Moreover, each new invention and each new information phantom causes in the person something like a cultural shock, some kind of blindness or blocking of consciousness.
Such a fact was known to ancient philosophers who believed that the creative process is accompanied, among other things, by a special kind of blindness, as was the case with King Oedipus, who solved the riddle of the Sphinx. Any informational phantom, based on sensationalism, initially causes the effect of a general "blinding" a new bright idea, which underlies the manipulative technologies of information wars. From this point of view, the creation of an effective defense against information technology (counter-posession) depends to a large extent on whether it will be possible to maintain a balance between the ever-increasing power of information technology and the ability of a person to individual reactions.
Studies of psychologists have confirmed a very dangerous trend: young people immersed in the world of television and other audiovisual media from childhood, uncontrollably absorb the passion for deep involvement in the virtual world, which makes them perceive all other goals of ordinary culture as insignificant and even unrealistic . Electronic media, especially television, are capable of creating simultaneously both the effect of deep involvement, and the effect of stupor. A person in the information society can lose the ability to look to the future, because the passion for involvement is excessively developed, which makes him an obedient object of information technology. That is why youth as an object of manipulation is much more receptive than middle-aged and older people, formed in the culture of written text.
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