Specificity of Roman epicureanism and stoicism, Roman...

Specificity of Roman epicureanism and stoicism

Interest in Stoicism and Epicureanism occurs in Rome at about the same time - in the II. BC. Some of the Roman politicians communicated closely with the Stoic philosophers: Panetius, as we noted above, was a member of the "Scipio circle", while Blossy of Qom was one of the friends of the Gracchi brothers. In the I c. BC. we see sympathy for Stoicism in Cicero. A number of Roman aristocrats (for example Lucius Balb) professed Stoic theology.

Roman epicureanism.

If the interest of the Romans in the philosophy of Stoi is understandable and connected with the stoic cosmopolitan doctrine of the state, the theory of morally beautiful and special theology, the Epicurean doctrine contradicted the Roman concept of the nature of the world and the gods. The Roman religion unequivocally asserted that the world is in the care of a whole host of divine essences, whose worship is one of the "cementing" social life factors. Epicurean doctrines of inactive gods and universal power of "nature" were perceived by the Romans as alien and even antisocial - this is evidenced, in particular, by Cicero.

Nevertheless, epicureanism attracts the attention of Romans in the II century. BC, and in the next century you can talk about the real Epicurean movement in Rome. The reason for this could be a number of factors. Of course, Epicureanism impressed the Roman freethinkers: those were no longer satisfied with the "paternal manners", within which lived the Roman community that had grown to the world scale. At the same time, the common sense of the Epicurean morality and the absence of preaching in it as strict austerity as a whole corresponded to Roman everyday practicality.

Epicurean Titus Lucretius Car (circa 95 - 55 BC) . the creator of the poem About the nature of things - one of the most outstanding philosophical poems in the history of European culture - immediately declared his philosophical position as an "enlightening" . He sees his goal in freeing people from fears of gods and destiny, as well as the notion that everything is created and directed by some kind of all-powerful craft. In his poem, Lucretius expounds the basic tenets of the Epicurean doctrine in the field of physics, canonics, ethics and theology. Hardly we can see in his work some innovations in comparison with the Greek epicureanism. However, since the ideas of Epicurus on cosmic evolution reached us only in the most general form, the picture created by Lucretius is the most detailed description of atomistic ideas about the development of outer space and cosmic life. Lucretius believes that an enlightened view of the world allows a person to live by relying on his reason and knowledge of natural laws. Tranquility of spirit also relieves the fear of death. Death, according to Lucretius, saves us from sorrows and suffering, in itself is not suffering. Thus, all the attention of a person should be directed to life, which he is obligated to conduct sensibly and with due respect to the gods, not affecting the world, but giving us a good example.

Lucretius was by no means the only Epicurean of the 1st century BC. BC. Epicurean texts we find, for example, in a meeting of Philodemus from Gadara, who headed the philosophical school in Herculaneum in the middle of this century. Later Epicurean ideas are found in the most diverse circles of Roman society. On the one hand, we see in these texts primitivization Epicurean morality, derived from the notions of divine non-interference and the mortality of the soul. The principle of pleasure as a sign of goodness could well be interpreted in a philistine way. The ironic image of the phenomenon, which we would call "street epicureanism", is particularly evident in Petronia's famous novel "Satyricon" (the middle of the 1st century AD). However, there are examples of the preservation of a more elevated, authentic understanding of epicureanism - such as those found in the nineteenth century. an inscription of Epicurean Diogenes (circa 120 AD) , embossed on the walls of the portico of Enoada and containing the basic postulates of the Epicurean doctrine, as well as criticism of other philosophical schools. However, in the future we will not meet really serious Epicurean authors. The very word Epicurean will soon become the designation of a person denying the existence of traditional gods, and will become synonymous with the word "atheist."

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)