The first premise, The second premise - Social anthropology

First Parcel

Speaking about the subject of social (cultural) anthropology, one must keep in mind at least four basic cognitive orientations: the philosophical, the historical, the etiological and the theoretical >. So, in cultural studies in connection with such orientations distinguish: the philosophy of culture (cultural philosophy), the history of culture and the science of culture. For anthropology can be named: general anthropology, philosophical anthropology, social anthropology, socio-cultural anthropology, etc.

E. A. Orlova - contrasts the theoretical (scientific) knowledge of culture not only philosophical, but also historical cognition. She believes that the philosophical approach to the study of culture is metaphysical in nature and is "not available to empirical verification", and the historical approach "is limited to describing events and does not go to the level of explanations" . On the contrary, in the field of the sciences of culture, the methodological synthesis of the systematic description of cultural phenomena with their explanation is realized in the field of cultural sciences: In the science of culture, the main goal is to understand how the formation and formation of phenomena and events culture; what is repeated in culture, and what remains unique and why, in what direction and for what reasons are the cultural processes implemented? . Obviously, the last remark becomes especially true in relation to the content of social (cultural) anthropology.

The etiological aspect of the problem is that the culture almost always acts in the guise of the culture of a particular ethnos. With this, in particular, the differences between the classical and the post-classical period of European philosophical thought are connected. For the classical stage it is characteristic that it was the culture of the European ethnoses of the New Time that served as a model for determining the meaning and essence of the whole of European culture. At the postclassical stage, there is a rejection of the culturology of Eurocentrism, an understanding of the uniqueness and non-identity of cultures of specific ethnoses comes about, and the task of studying and understanding foreign cultures arises.

The second premise

Different disciplines are still contributing to culturology and anthropology: sociology, psychology, history, pedagogy, linguistics, semiotics, etc. One of the points of view on the content of cultural anthropology is expressed by EA Orlova, emphasizing the synthetic the nature of socio-anthropological knowledge: "Cultural anthropology (variants - social anthropology, ethnology) currently represents one of the leading and most advanced disciplines in the corpus of social sciences, which also include sociology, ecology onomics, political science, psychology & lt; ... & gt ;. Cultural anthropology has developed on the integral basis of prehistoric, ethnological, sociological, linguistic, mythological research as the science of the artificial, non-natural world of man .

Yu. M. Reznik talks about "socio-cultural anthropology" and claims that she "treats social systems in terms of their cultural dimension (patterns and other cultural patterns)" . Almost the same term - socio-cultural anthropology - applies the director of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the United States Academy of Sciences, Academician VA Tishkov, arguing, for example, that "socio-cultural anthropology was initially interested in politics" . In the title of the collection, in which the article by VA Tishkov was published, the same term is used. DK Tanatova writes about the development of socio-cultural anthropology in the educational space of the country.

With the light hand of Yu. M. Reznik, the term "sociocultural anthropology" became the title of an encyclopaedic edition. In this edition it is emphasized that socio-cultural anthropology "studies a person in the context of the culture of a certain community. It is precisely this objective orientation (the cultural content of people's shared life) that distinguishes it from most of the human sciences. This causes her methodological orientation to study typical and sustainable characteristics of the sociocultural diversity of mankind .

A similar approach extends to Western anthropologists. Thus, the Austrian anthropologist A. Gishrih discusses the problems of socio-cultural anthropology in German-speaking countries, the American anthropologist D. Marcus writes about the problems and prospects of the sociocultural anthropology of the United States.

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)