Do International Organizations Matter FOR THE World Stage?

In the era of globalization, International Organizations (IOs) is essential and influential to the earth. Because of the network development and rapid information transmission, the value and impact of IOs grow quickly, so do their public power in world politics. Furthermore, there is lack of discussion over IOs in International Relationships (IRs), as the main acting professional of IRs is "state". IOs were interpreted to facilitating cooperation to solve the challenge for status, such as market failing, and strengthen the state power finally. This information "The Politics, Vitality, and Pathologies of International Organizations" by Martha Finnemore and Michael Barnett (1999) in the International Corporation ( 53:4) improve the dialogue of IOs through the use of both economistic and sociological theoretical methods, see bureaucracy as common cultural form condition IO action, which enhance our understanding about IOs action, and just why IOs exercise power autonomously in the ways that is unintended and unanticipated by status and how IOs influence world politics.

Barnett and Finnemore (1999) advised IOs are purposive stars instead of simply pursue talk about policies. Moreover, have IO really issues to their state? In the next, I will take United Nations (UN) as an example to further elaborate. UN is found in 1945 after WWII by 51 countries and 192 state members now. The fundamental goal of UN is retaining world peace and security, promoting sociable progress, better living standards and human protection under the law across the world. The founding Charter vested its power and the Charter allows UN to take action on an array of issues, such as worldpeace keeping, legitimately. While US is UN's largest contributor, us contributes 22% of UN regular budget and 27% of the UN peacekeeping costs, which is more than US$2 billion in 2010 2010.

In today's intricate and complicated world, status cannot beat the global issues on its own, UN act as an important platform to sustain international cooperation, such as managing UN Weather Change Conference to handle environmental issues. UN also established the standard of global norms, such as affirmed the usage of clean normal water and sanitation as essential individual rights; and reaction to world disaster, such as Pakistan flooding and Haiti earthquake. In addition, will the UN matter as it pertains to its fundamental principal, retaining world tranquility and security?

Does the United Nations matter when it comes to warfare and peace?

The US-Iraq war provides us some understanding over the talk. According to the UN Charter, there is merely two legal basis for the utilization of power, either personal- protection or authorized or directed by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in order to keep up or reestablish international peacefulness and security. A country should try negotiate the disputes peacefully by negotiation, mediation, arbitration, etc. , say UN could apply complete or incomplete interruption of economic relationships, severance of diplomatic relations and else. In the end, UNSC is the key in preserving international serenity and security under the Charter.

With respect to Iraq, US says that Preemptive measures towards Iraq are necessary due to Iraq possesses Mass Destructive Weapons. Based on the UNSC rule of "Great Ability Unanimity" (Veto" power), the decision useful of force required the concurring votes of all five permanent associates. Additionally, three out of five UNSC long term users: France, China, and Russia compared the war and the UN inclined to give additional time for the weapons inspection process. Unfortunately, US ignored your choice of UNSC and began the warfare, which is not conformity with UN charter and from the charter viewpoint, it was outlawed.

From these, we discovered that UN is important in conditions of soft power, such as legitimacy and norms, but little hard military ability. Before Iraq war started, US eager to obtain the authorization or support from UNSC and wishing to make her action reliable and accepted by the globe. Moreover, UN declined and US started out the battle without UN support, which in converts margined the credibility and vitality of UNSC. The Council was criticized about its ability to keep up world serenity and being questioned if UN is relevant to security troubles. In fact, this is a lose-lose situation that US was blamed to be illegitimate in the war towards Iraq and pay a higher cost without legitimacy and multilateral support.

In 2004, US and English stated the critical role performed by UN in post-conflict Iraq, specifically humanitarian issues and creating the Iraq Governing Council. Did their state see UN as an instrument to attain goals rather than an independent authentic power?

To conclude, Barnett and Finnemore (1999) contribute to IRs by view IOs through constructivist zoom lens and offer a basis for reating IOs as purposive acrirs; clarify IOs behavior after create, its autonomy and electric power; make clear the propensity for dysfunctional patterns and reason of unwanted behavior occued based on bureacuracy. Empirically, states are primary of IOs, in terms of economically, feasibility and support. Additionally, Barnett and Finnemore (1999)'s article concentrate on Intergovernmental Organizations only, thus not applicable to all or any International Organizations, such as Non-Government International Organizations and their marriage with NGOs or civil world. This article also put a whole lot of emphasize on IOs bureacuracy pathological tendencies to be able to explictly IOs autonomy. We understand that bureacuracy have both its benefits and drawbacks, ultimately their habit will change to be able to satisfy their responsibility more effectively through administrative reform.

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