Does a global Political System exist?

Adding Another Site to the International Political System's Background Book

The International Political System's life has been questioned in every way, and various studies have been conducted either to validate its very existence or reject it. It has truly gone through countless criticisms and praises. But even if we identified the truth about its life, what would be the value of knowing if such something been around? Perhaps it is to make the obscure world a little bit clear. We reach learn things in the system better and perhaps even anticipate what can occur in the future. The only hard process I presume is to classify them since the scope is enormous.

This paper is designed to dwell into the subject material and demonstrate that one does can be found. The first area of the paper will handle the explanations of what, "international, " "political, " and "system, " and how they constitute a set of elements peculiar to others. Having come up with their definitions, I am going to turn my emphasis to the underlying topics that comply with the International Political System's lifetime. And lastly, I am going to provide a summary that is going to summarize all my details in this newspaper.

The term "international" was popularized by a political philosopher named Jeremy Bentham at the same time when nation-states were perceived to be prominent actors on earth arena. [1] Utilizing a less authoritative meaning, it is "existing, taking place, or carried on between countries, " based on the British Oxford Dictionary. Furthermore, what's political, matching to David Easton, refers to the "distribution of sociable values[2]. " Systems, however, as defined also by David Easton, are just "constructions of experiential values, impartial and are not identified by ideology. [3]" Although our company is more acquainted with determining systems as, "collections of interacting parts that comprise a whole. " In addition, Hedley Bull also defined international system as a union of says bounded by connections. This conversation, though, must have a substantial amount of impact on another's behavior[4]. Therefore, a global Political System will involve several states bounded in keeping interaction with relation to the allocation of public values.

To further elaborate the specifics of defining something, especially the one which is political, I will be using David Easton's Systems Examination and Categories for the Systems Analysis of Politics. With Easton's given explanation of a system above, it is stated to be an open up and adaptive system. He suggests that social systems create an wide open system. An open system is something that responds to the environment's influences and vice versa[5].

David Easton argues a system cannot exist in a void. He remarks that system requires a host for it to exist[6]. Which environment, which comprises the physical, sociological, interpersonal, and subconscious, should enclose something. Therefore, the id of boundaries is clear. The surroundings is split into two parts: intra-societal and extra-societal. The intro-societal contains systems quite similar compared to that of the political. These can include a system that is economic, communal, etc. While on the other palm, the extra-societal encompasses systems that not belong within the world. Systems that are international in scope fall under this category - extra-societal (also called "super systems"). Thus, a global political system is one of the said systems.

Now that the explanations have been provided, I am going to now give subject areas that indirectly declare that an international politics system exists. They are simply its very basis of today's system.

Moreover, topics such as structure-functionalism and the id of patterns will be reviewed.

A factor to consider if an international politics system is available is the occurrence of intergovernmental organizations. These organizations talk about the problems of its members and solve them[7]. Having said so, there is a constant discussion between states. This is accomplished through the building of institutions or changing the old ones. Take the US for example, europe, and the earth Loan provider, too. The US have been participating in peacekeeping missions throughout the globe[8]. Subsequently, it is an instrument for regulating vitality in the international system, acts as arbitraries in pacts or contracts between states, inspires political change, builds norms, ensures development of says. The ability to intervene in the politics of others is discussion. The European Union, however, evidently presents the interdependence of every member in the system. Thus, turmoil would be averted. Additionally it is known not merely to prosper economically and politically, but to see human rights and discover things in a democratic manner[9]. THE ENTIRE WORLD Bank however desires to eliminate poverty across the globe and provide impartiality in the progressing world[10]. Which have goals that are not centered in only one condition. The scale varies from a regional collective with an international/world collective. Thus, intergovernmental organizations give way to the lifestyle of an international politics system.

With the inevitability of intergovernmental organizations, comes the existence of international laws. In neorealism, there is a structure occupied by anarchic units. And to be able to maintain stability and remain prepared within the machine, established rules should be followed[11]. These rules constitute the international laws and regulations. Even though the only downfall of experiencing such international regulations is the actual fact it invades the sovereignty of the state governments; therefore, international regulations are being observed with consent of their state. Their state might feel threatened that its sovereignty would be at stake.

Transnational institutions have the ability to connect people in various places, conditioning ties between them. These are businesses that are "transnational. " Each goes beyond what it is to be a state or a country. Although they aren't says which we usually identify as products in an international political system, they do have what it takes to interact which undeniably still affects the system. Hence, they can be seen as models of analysis on this context.

Existent before and today, diplomacy has been a large factor to verify an international politics system is out there. Diplomacy is the peaceful relations among state[12]. It offers existed throughout the span of history, preventing wars and promoting peacefulness within the system. Minus the will of expresses to talk or work together, diplomacy then would be rendered pointless. And possessed there not been diplomacy when relationship occurred, the options would have been to ignore or to go to war. Evidently, whatever choice circumstances pursues inevitably affects the tendencies of others. Thus, diplomacy is essential in conforming to the presence of a global politics system.

Treaties are written forms wherein states consent to something. This may include two or more states. Additionally it is ruled by international legislation. Then again, this is political, and it includes two or more states which are our current items of analysis. In addition, they certainly constitute a system. Treaties have been prevalent throughout the span of world history. Some of them include the Westphalian Treaty, which provided the birth of this is of circumstances. Armistices that are generally known as a ceasefire among warring states, contributes to the development of an international politics system[13]. Today, we can easily see the armistice North Korea and South Korea which has been happening for some time now.

Another feature is warfare. War is deeply linked to culture and it is even as old as man himself. Although in modern-day times, when everything is quite organized, and wars appear due to the inability of politics[14]. Conflicts spawn when interests contradict, which is political. World War II for example, came into being because associated with an tremendous sense of delight - Nazism. This ultra-nationalistic idea acquired hobbies which contradicted many, and so a war was brought into existence.

What are usually associated with wars will be the formations of alliances. There could can be found two factions or a bipolar system where the electricity rests on two functions. From a liberalist's perspective the increasing electricity of an ally isn't a lot of a hazard and neither do you feel threatened. In fact, you feel more secure. Somehow, this relationship shows an acknowledgment of one state to recognize the other. Hence, from a liberalist's standpoint, instead of realism, cooperation is best, and relationship is greater[15]. Those who conform to this conceive of a complete gain, or a confident or a poor sum game. Wherein both get-togethers may have a win-win situation or a lose-lose situation. Unlike from a realist's standpoint, it will always be a zero total game where one wins and the other loses. Hence, realists believe solely on self-interests, where liberalists, on the other side, believe in shared interests[16].

Since the structure of the international system is anarchic, as conformed to neorealism, conflicts prefer the system[17]. Watching the patterns of says, they appear to be comparative such as how vitality that is out there is. Areas normally try to balance their capacity to whoever has much, or surpass them[18]. Since systems promote stability and unity, the total amount of electricity is intrinsic to the topic matter. This is done out of security purposes, which is in fact, political.

Another issue to be tackled is the life of its limitations. The international politics system, Perhaps, should be an available and adaptive system, as what David Easton envisioned for a politics system[19]. It ought to be able to allow whatever the surroundings provides and adjust to it. To be able to identify the surroundings, we should first know the limitations which separate it from the machine. The actual fact that there exists an international economic system, shows that this is a different field from the international political system. We are able to already identify a hint of its environment this way. Rather than focusing about how much the international politics system has, we attract our attention more on what it lacks; then systematically, we can certainly identify what belongs to its environment. Many critics though such as Lampert believe that the machine is too enormous that it leaves no space for the environment. But then again, it has all the requirements of a system; it is merely what the machine lacks that is area of the environment.

These aforementioned matters reveal that the system does exist. Now, I am moving to the structure-functionalism theory. It is often called as "scientific analysis[20]. " It often asks the questions: 1. What patterns exist in the analysis? 2. What exactly are the conditions these pattern produce? 3. What functions exist?

First, I am going to define what a structure is. Set ups are patterns to which an activity is occurring. Functions, however, is defined as "an ailment resulting from the activity performed with a unit[21]. " Therefore, structure-functionalism finally refers to the building blocks of ideas to which they explain a thorough system construction.

In light of the situation of deciding the life of the international political system, the structure would make reference to the disturbances that have an effect on the behavior of the models involved.

Patterns usually provide us foresight. It really is the importance of learning the international political system in order to forecast what may happen in the future. Because it clears what is obscure, it might help us set up norms that conform to the patterns that the framework provides.

Wars, for example, have been many results of habits. From a realist's perspective, there exist polarities. Power, which every unit struggles for, is a public value. It is their interest and patterns such as balancing of vitality, offensive realism, protective realism, enter into play[22]. Whatever deviates from these patterns triggers war. It is plausible that almost anything can be quantified today. By providing a set of actions to political actors inevitably imply that system is out there. Therefore, without an international political system, patterns would not be provided and understanding the politics phenomena in population will be difficult.

This is one of the reasons why an international political system should are present. It will provide a construction that will guide politics experts or scholars who focus on the field of international relations. It really is to provide a politics map and understand the underlying causes as each situation occurs. As a result, should this field be studied as a willpower of review, future scholars could possible devise multiple theories which can benefit the entirety of the system. Furthermore, discontinuities can cause no menace to the absent links or the difference that development had taken a jump. And even better, this step could spring ahead to an even farther destination.


Of the given issues above, I have attempted to show an international political system is accessible. From the very definitions of these terms that make up the subject matter, to intergovernmental organizations that exist within the system, to international laws by which claims respect and eventually follow with consent, to transnational corporations or stars that expand or go beyond a state level of evaluation, to how diplomatic human relationships make reference to the preservation of their respective politics without turmoil, to wars that eventually happen due to the habits provided by the international politics system, to how creation of alliances meddle with the interactions of states and the affects abroad, also to the realist's point of view associated with an anarchic system. Further dialogue about the range of the machine has been talked about, identifying the boundaries of

All these matters are involved in the activities that comprise the international political system. To recognize the origins of the system, I've used the structure-functionalism theory and Systems examination.

Structure-functionalism is a groundwork to numerous systems. It provides the patterns within the study and used the structure-functionalism theory. I've found it useful to integrate this field to conform to the system's existence since it has been a foundation to numerous systems in the environment. It begins by identifying habits within the politics phenomena. Subsequently, it decides the functions of each element contained in the structure. Having done so, a system is established.

David Easton's research however of the political system expresses that it is adaptive and open. Moreover, he claims that systems aren't bounded by an ideology. Furthermore, he claims that environment which encloses the political system can be split into two: intra-societal and extra-societal. He further expresses that the intra-societal environment contains systems similar to that of the political; while extra-societal, on the other palm, involves supra systems, or systems international in dynamics.

And lastly, I have provided instances why an international political system exists and really should exist. I've explained multiple assessments that can either help us complete international issues in a great way or the contrary, all with respect to the existence of an international political system.


European Union. (n. d. ). Retrieved August 29, 2014, from EU Web site: http://europa. eu/about-eu/index_en. htm

Hamilton, K. , & Langhorne, R. (1995). The Practice of Diplomacy. New York: Routledge.

McCormick. (2004). Comparative Politics in Changeover. Indiniapolis : Cengage Learning.

Susser, B. (1991). Approaches to the analysis of Politics. New York: Prentice Hall.

The World Standard bank. (n. d. ). Retrieved August 29, 2014, in the World Bank Web site: http://www. worldbank. org/en/news/feature/2013/04/17/ending_extreme_poverty_and_promoting_shared_prosperity

Wansbach, R. , & Rhodes, E. (2000). Global Politics in a Changing World. Houghton Mifflin Company.

Young, O. (1968). US and the International System. International Organization, Vol. 22 No. 4.

[1] Richard W. Mansbach and Edward Rhodes, Global Politics in a Changing World (Boston:2000)

[2] Bernard Susser, Methods to the Study of Politics (New Jersey, 1991)

[3] Ibid.

[4] Hedley Bull, Anarchical Culture (New York, 1977)

[5] Bernard Susser, op. cit.

[6] Ibid.

[7] Richard W. Mansbach and Edward Rhodes, op. cit.

[8] Oran R. Young, United Nations and the International System (Madison: 1968)

[9] Retrieved August 29, 2014, from http://europa. european union/about-eu/index_en. htm

[10] Retrieved August 29, 2014, from http://www. worldbank. org/en/about

[11] David Kinsella, Bruce Russett, and Harvey Starr, World Politics: The Menu for Choice (Boston, 2010)

[12] Keith Hamilton and Richard Langhorne, The Practice of Diplomacy (New York, 1995)

[13] John McCormick, Comparative Politics in Transition (Indianapolis, 2007)

[14] Richard W. Mansbach, op. cit.

[15] Bruce Russett, Harvey Starr, and David Kinsella, op. cit.

[16] Ibid.

[17] Ibid.

[18] Ibid.

[19] Bernard Susser, op. cit.

[20] Ibid.

[21] Ibid.

[22] Bruce Russett, Harvey Starr, and David Kinsella, op. cit.

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