The Blood Gemstones In Sierra Leone Politics Essay

The purpose of this newspaper is to show individuals the reality behind the Blood vessels Diamonds industry that lies in West Africa, Sierra Leone. The Bloodstream Diamond industry, most widely known in Sierra Leone, has been through numerous implications and battles, which has suitable for an extremely intriguing and extensive research. Blood Diamonds, generally known as "Conflict Diamonds", come from war zones in Africa, "sold illegally in order to invest in insurgent war attempts against legitimate and internationally accepted government authorities"(Wilson et al. 2009). Although some efforts and procedures have been implemented to put a stop to the trafficking of Bloodstream Diamonds, the effects of the 1999 Civil Warfare remaining Sierra Leone in utter shambles; The Civil Battle, between the political government and the Revolutionary United Entry (RUF), ultimately destroyed Sierra Leone for many years. The saying "Diamonds are a Girl's BEST ALLY" has become more then a cliche online marketing strategy; instead, it offers an extremely symbolic and important relation to my life. Given gemstone earrings for my high school graduation has been an enduring tradition in my family; also, knowing where the diamonds come from is the most important area of the gift. Upon starting the precious pack, stored with sparkly gemstones, I was presented with a small credit card. This credit card was showing where these specific diamond jewelry originated from. My precious stone earrings were from the North Western world Territories in Canada; knowing where your luxury diamond jewelry result from is very valuable and significant. Exploring more about the issues of Blood Diamond jewelry simply reiterates why it's important to know the annals of your diamonds. Secondly, my most liked movie entitled "Blood Stone" is based from the 1999 Civil Warfare and illustrates the problems of the diamond industry within Sierra Leone. This movie offered me great insight into how harsh the lives of the people were. It also gave me a much better knowledge of the cruel procedure for Blood Diamonds and their consequence. Throughout this article individuals will take part in further knowledge regarding the implications which the Blood Diamonds enforced on Sierra Leone, socially, environmentally, politically and economically.

The Blood Diamond jewelry in Sierra Leone sparked major communal implications because of its country and added to the downfall of Sierra Leone's sociable composition. The RUF compelled children and men and women in to the mining of diamonds and in to the tasks of child soldiers to safeguard its people against the federal government. The RUF captured children at extremely young age groups, forced them to learn gun machinery and how to kill civilians. Eric Engle's article examines the theory where "the problem of poverty presents the ability of labour exploitation. Opportunities to gain out of misery of others take place in a variety of trades"(Engle 2004). Engle's assertion brings about an exceptionally valid and truthful discussion. People surviving in Sierra Leone, a Third-World country, are really poor and live off of questionably little money and resources. Thus, for the RUF it came out beneficial to be so cruel and take complete advantages on the civilians. The RUF purposely and willfully got demand of children and individuals, whatever the price was, to ensure they would get ahead and gain total ability and control. Individuals required into labour exploitation by the RUF didn't work for the money, instead they complied with the guidelines established by the RUF in order to survive; had a person not agreed, they were wiped out immediately. The cultural implication that is taken to attention here is very noticeable. Children forced into the jobs of child soldiers, ordered to kill relatives and buddies people are socially destructed; the amount of mental stress that is included with being truly a child soldier will, inevitably, ruin their livelihoods permanently. The Sierra Leone culture is becoming socially destroyed due to the traumatic occasions the RUF obligated after children and people; the constant be concerned of if they can live to see another day has psychologically and physically worn out the living of these civilians. Secondly, William P. Murphy's article examines the role and result the RUF performs on child troops. Murphy continues to explain "Many of them were driven into dependency by exploitative adults who appeared to offer power, cover, and monetary opportunity that their kin group, traditional community, or nationwide government could no more provide"(Murphy 2003). Murphy shows that children research to, and value their parents or guardians; their main figureheads. When their parents or guardians are segregated using their children, children will seek out for a new leader. Thus, in the occasions of Sierra Leone, children are taken away off their parents by the RUF and now look up to the market leaders of the RUF as their own figureheads and mentors. Murphy also talks about another theory of his known as the "Four Types of Child Soldiers". It really is a platform to describe the impact the Civil Warfare acquired on child soldiers who were pressured into their role.

"In all these models adults are seen as having failed the kids in Sierra Leone. According to the first model, youths are victimized by the cruel coercive practices of the commanders on the various fighting factions, like the national army. In the second and third models, youths act in response in different ways with their marginalization and alienation from local and national infrastructures indifferent with their needs. All three models capture part of the truth of children's predicaments in the civil wars"(Murphy 2003).

Murphy's examination of three of the four models of child troops is veritably interesting. His research shows that children in Sierra Leone are obligated to participate in the creation or security of the Bloodstream Diamonds industry and their reactions to the have all been very different. Children of Sierra Leone are conflicted with the social pressures forced after by the RUF. The sociable dynamic of Sierra Leone will be an exceptionally long and slow process to restore. Mentally and bodily, civilians of Sierra Leone are tired due to the social implications due to the Blood Stone industry.

Copious implications have arisen because of the Blood Gem mining industry, environmentally. After an in depth analysis and understanding of the way the mining of Conflict Diamonds has triggered severe environmental effects, individuals will be able to understand the immeasurable timeframe it will require to bring this country back again to a healthy talk about.

"Based on the 2003 Biodiversity Action Arrange for Sierra Leone, the major hazards to biodiversity in the united states are from unsustainable methods of agriculture, livestock farming, forest exploitation, fishing, energy creation, mining, infrastructure development, and waste materials disposal"(Fischer and Keili 2005).

The Environmental Article of 2005 written by USAID introduces a range of environmental concerns lingering in Sierra Leone. The Blood Diamond industry has led to some chain events which have drastically changed the environment and panorama of the West African country for life. Firstly, the mining activities which have occurred have inevitably demolished the panorama of Sierra Leone. In Chris B. Squire's article offered by the entire world Wildlife Finance, he shows that because of the mining of these illicit diamond jewelry a "lack of seed resources and a loss of unique habitats for wildlife has been damaged as the vegetation was removed"(Squire 2001). Squire feedback with an interestingly insightful view; because of the impact and demand for diamond jewelry, mining opportunities started out to emerge and dominate large areas of land. This intended that areas of land were to be dug up and degraded, along with the luscious forestry areas. Significant amounts of land had been destroyed in order to meet up with the needs of the Bloodstream Gemstone industry. Sierra Leone's agriculture is becoming an immense struggle to overcome. The use of "Slash-and-burn" agriculture, also known as "shifting cultivation", is the procedure of lowering and using forests or woodlands in order to create areas for livestock. This technique is the main cause for unmeasurable deforestation. Due to the increase in deforestation and land degradation, it becomes very difficult to maintain high levels of active animals, without appropriate resources. Thus, there is a major matter towards wildlife extinction. Bush meat, an excellent way to obtain protein, is a major part of the daily dietary methods of the populace; the demand for the beef still remains high however, with extensive hunting, concerns are raised about intimidating and endangering the species. Numerous animals have grown to be extinct, on the verge of extinction, or unquestionably threatened. USAID announces in their survey that "of eighteen antelope types, two are extinct and sixteen are continued to be threatened; not forgetting the amount of hippos, elephants, chimpanzees, leopards and so many more wildlife which includes been falling over a dramatic decline"(Fischer and Keili 2005). Furthermore, the consequence of Blood Stone mining has induced traumatic events upon Sierra Leone's environment. In Nikki Skuce's scholarly article, she clarifies "Diamond mining. . . the constant clearing and digging of land ends up with soil erosion, drinking water contaminants and silting of waterways and creeks. The excavation holes that stay after mining become mating grounds for malaria"(Skuce 2002). Skuce discusses more frequent environmental effects. The Blood Stone mining has led to major water contaminants areas all over Sierra Leone, resulting in major health risks. Major areas of silting has induced rivers and creeks to dry up due to large amounts of sediments build-up overtime. All the major environmental impacts talked about above are results of too much Blood Diamond mining and very little health care, or caution in order to preserve a few of Sierra Leone's land, resources, and wildlife. Sierra Leone's physical geography and land resources is reduced anticipated to mining, and it will take severe reconstruction to bring the surroundings back to life.

The Blood Gem industry within Sierra Leone has induced severe unrest within the united states. Here, individuals will study the impact of the Sierra Leone Discord Diamonds industry on the country's politics and economic composition. Blood Gemstones were sold illegally across borders into other areas of the world by the RUF. The profits conjured by the illegal export of Blood Gemstones was used to fund for forearms and other weaponry for the RUF; this is what made the mining of diamond jewelry so vital and valuable. This function performed by the RUF was politically unjust and disapproved by many neighbouring countries in the Western world. Firstly, individuals must examine the political track record to this characteristics. The RUF was formed to overthrow the politics government in ability. Their slogan "No more slaves. No more masters. Electric power and prosperity to the people" was unquestionably misleading. From the RUF's slogan, people trusted and engaged with the RUF, until they noticed their main incentive. John Bellows and Edward Miguel express "income from these Blood Diamonds symbolized an important incentive for armed groupings to extend the battle"(Bellows and Miguel 2009). The RUF, simply, wanted to attain total ability and prosperity among the nation; there is no regard for the wishes and needs of the people. It had been reported by the Government Real truth and Reconciliation Percentage ". . . reports that RUF fighters devoted over 70% of most human rights abuses. . . and 75% of most attacks and fights engaged the RUF as the primary fighting force"(Bellows and Miguel 2009). Political unrest ran throughout the country of Sierra Leone. Major politics disputes between your political government in electric power and the RUF took place during the decade-long Civil Conflict. You start with a phony interpretation of the RUF's motives is what led Sierra Leone's politics structure to an ultimate collapse.

Secondly, the Blood vessels Diamond industry had major influences on Sierra Leone's economy. Countries around the world found the precious stone industry to be an excellent source for the monetary build-up of a country, however, for Sierra Leone, it was quite contrary. Unethical decisions were created by the RUF to sell the Blood Diamonds, not for economical advantage but also for the utilization of gaining more weaponry. The Blood vessels Diamonds industry in Sierra Leone demolished any trust of gaining an effective economic structure. Elizabeth J. A. Rodgers state governments in her article "Sierra Leone's battle. . . was a warfare part of a continuous tale of escalating regional assault and terror driven largely by legal economic interest"(Rodgers 2006). Rodgers examines the way the RUF used the diamonds to be able to get ahead, and what they thought, was helping them to accomplish total power. The Blood Diamond jewelry were regarded as a form of currency to the RUF; the greater diamonds mined, resulted in more money to be put toward the purchase of hands and weaponry. Large sums of money that may have increased Sierra Leone's economic structure was finally ruined by the RUF. The mining and advertising of diamonds sometimes appears as an exceptionally profitable agency and Sierra Leone acquired the potential to work with their diamonds mining industry to their economic edge. With losing, and annoyed of the RUF, they managed to displace large sums of money for Sierra Leone. Because of the unjust decisions the RUF made to fund to get more hands and weaponry, the economical structure of Sierra Leone was quickly dismantled. With the falsification by the RUF's motives, their unethical decisions, and continuous debacles between the RUF and the government, Sierra Leone's political and economic structure's have been demolished; it will take significant amounts of work to bring this Western African country out their battles in order to take care of a wholesome and well-off balance.

The Blood Stone industry brought about numerous implications upon the country of Sierra Leone; notably, influences on the public, environmental, politics, and economic structure of this Western African Country. The 1999 Civil Conflict marked the most well known impacts that were forced upon the country of Sierra Leone. Socially, people and children separated of their kinship and obligated to improve the RUF demolished the civilians mental and physical persona. Children at young age range, forced to wipe out friends and family members has triggered major psychological damage. It will ultimately take decades for this nation to recuperate from the social impacts induced by the production and coverage of the Bloodstream Gemstone industry. Environmentally, Sierra Leone's geographical, agricultural scenery has been damaged. The overwhelming amount of garden soil erosion, deforestation, and degradation for mining, the surroundings is left in utter ruins. Due to the damage of forestry, grass, and agricultural opportunities, Sierra Leone's unique animals has been threatened, with few kinds extinct. Lastly, the political and economic composition of Sierra Leone was manipulated. Throughout the unjust actions displayed by the RUF, the Blood Diamond industry triggered major political debates among the united states. The RUF wanted to maintain total control total precious stone mines, which stirred major discord with the political government. Financially, the illegal selling and export of Blood Diamond jewelry in order to fund arms for the RUF was a major economic disadvantage. All of the social, environmental, politics, and financial implications brought about through the impact of the Bloodstream Diamonds raises last quarrels about development. Development, described in this paper, is the take action or process of improving. Sierra Leone has major levels of development to go through. By analyzing the public, environmental, political and monetary implications, individuals can understand the amount of development that needs to take place in all of these aspects to be able to maintain a civil, healthy world. Development studies has helped to body the issue of Blood Diamonds in Sierra Leone and examine its struggles in order to gain back itself. The partnership between Canada and the "Third World" here is very prevalent; using a symbolic romantic relationship with diamonds, I find the history and influences of the mining in Sierra Leone very difficult to hear. It really is our obligation in Canada to recognize the damage that has gone on in Sierra Leone and discover ways to remove Blood Diamond jewelry being exported abroad. The Kimberly Process (KP) "is a joint government authorities, industry and civil population effort to stem the flow of conflict gemstones. . . "(Kimberley Process). Canada has joined up with the KP in order to remove the against the law export of Blood Gemstones to our country. Canada must continue to be apart of the procedure and do our share to avoid the mining and creation of Blood Gemstones.

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