ADOLESCENT AGE (FROM 10-11 TO 14-15 YEARS), Social...


Social development situation

The social situation of human development during adolescence is a transition from childhood to an independent and responsible adult life. In other words, adolescence occupies an intermediate position between childhood and adulthood. There are changes at the physiological level, relations with adults and peers are built differently, the level of cognitive interests, intellect and abilities undergo changes. Spiritual and physical life moves from home to the outside world, relations with peers are built on a more serious level. Adolescents are engaged in serious joint activities, discuss vital topics, and games remain in the past.

At the beginning of adolescence, there is a desire to look like the elders, in psychology it is called a sense of adulthood. Children want to be treated like adults. Their desire, on the one hand, is justified, because in some ways parents actually begin to treat them differently, they are allowed to do things that were not allowed before. For example, now teenagers can watch feature films, access to which was previously banned, longer walking, parents begin to listen to the child when solving everyday problems, etc. But, on the other hand, the teenager does not fully meet the requirements for an adult, he yet has not developed in itself such qualities as independence, responsibility, serious attitude to their duties. Therefore, treating him as he wants, is not yet possible.

Another very important point is that although the teenager continues to live in the family, to study in the same school and is surrounded by the same peers, on the scale of his values ​​shifts occur and the accents related to the family, the school , peers. The reason for this is reflection , which began to develop towards the end of junior school age, and in adolescence is its more active development. Acquire the qualities inherent in an adult person, all teenagers aspire. This implies that ω -

fight external and internal restructuring. It begins with imitation of its idols & quot ;. From the age of 12-13, children begin to copy the behavior and features of the appearance of adults or senior peers important to them (lexicon, way of rest, hobbies, decorations, hairstyles, cosmetics, etc.).

For teenagers, idols are not representatives of the parent generation, but young people are not much older than themselves, but they seem to be quite grown up.

For boys, the object of imitation is people who behave like "real men": they have willpower, endurance, courage, courage, endurance, faithful friendship. Therefore, boys in the 12-13 years begin to pay more attention to their physical data: they are recorded in sports sections, develop strength and endurance.

Girls tend to imitate those who look like a "real woman": attractive, charming, popular with others. They are beginning to pay more attention to the figure, clothes, cosmetics, learn tricks of coquetry, etc.

The current development situation is characterized by the fact that the formation of adolescents' needs is strongly influenced by advertising. At this age, emphasis is placed on the presence of certain things: thus, a teenager, getting an advertised thing for personal use, acquires value in his own eyes and in the eyes of his peers. It is almost vital for a teenager to own a certain set of things in order to gain a certain importance in their eyes and peers' eyes. Hence, we can conclude that advertising, television, the media to some extent form the needs of adolescents.

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