Early adulthood (from 20-25 to 35-40 years old)
The period of adulthood is the longest period of ontogenesis. In developed countries with the greatest life expectancy, it is three quarters of human life. Generally, three stages of adulthood are distinguished:
• early adulthood (youth);
• average maturity (maturity);
• Late adulthood (aging and old age).
Youth is, first of all, the time of creating a family
and the device of family life, the time of mastering the chosen profession and the first significant achievements in it, determining the attitude to public life and its role in it. In youth, the most complex kinds of professional activity are most accessible, communication is most full and intensive, the relations of friendship and love are most easily established and most fully developed.
The main problem in the emotional sphere, which requires compulsory permission during the period of early adulthood, is the achievement of identity and intimacy.
Emotional intimacy in human relationships is the basis of love. The feeling of love is deeply intimate and is accompanied by situationally evolving emotions of tenderness, ecstasy, jealousy, which is often expressed in the form of anger, sadness, anger, resentment, disappointment and other emotions. Love covers a fairly wide range of emotional phenomena, differing in depth, strength and other characteristics: from relatively weakly expressed attitudes (sympathies) to entirely exciting experiences that reach the power of passion.
Creating a family is extremely important for personal development. A person acquires a new status associated with the responsibility for the continuation of the family and the upbringing of the next generation. With the advent of the first child, the spouses begin to master the parental roles - father and mother. The whole way of life changes, new responsibilities, new aspects of responsibility to each other and a new shared responsibility for the person to whom they gave life. There is a development of a complex of emotions of the parental relationship, including the joy of communicating with the child, the feeling
affection and trust, a special sensitivity to the needs of the child, a sense of interest in the child, admiration and pride for him.
Creating a family and the birth of children is a very important step in the life of any person, which is conditioned by the following motives: love, spiritual closeness, material calculation, psychological conformity and moral considerations. The future depends on what values a person orientates in creating a family.
The second main aspect of life in the youth period is mastering the chosen profession. Man establishes himself in it, acquires professional skills. In his youth, the knowledge, skills and habits necessary in the profession are most easily acquired, the person is as efficient as possible, withstands the greatest physical and mental burdens, is most capable of mastering complex methods of intellectual activity. Developed the required special personal and functional qualities: organizational skills, initiative, resourcefulness, clarity and accuracy, speed of response, etc.
With a successful choice of life path already in the years of youth, a person attains in the profession a sufficiently high level of skill and his objective recognition. Together with skill, a sense of professional competence is acquired.
It is noticed that closer to the age of 30, the more romantic values of labor are replaced by more practical ones. The following are the main factors of motivation of work : internal - the pleasure from the very process of work and the significance of the result, external - wages, material encouragement, recognition in the work collective and in general in professional community. A person already realistically assesses their capabilities, adjusts life values and the level of claims.
Cognitive mental processes during this period develop unevenly. The intellectual development of a person who has attained early adulthood takes place in interaction with the formation or transformation of his personality. And although the development of psychophysical function at the turn of the 25 years ceases, intellectual development continues for many years.
An adult can independently control the progress of his intellectual development and achieve significant results related to work or creativity. Success
rights depend on the degree of his giftedness, level of education and the right kind of activity. This fact indicates that the development of the human cognitive sphere has an individually conditioned character.
On self-awareness, self-esteem, I-concept affects the self-determination of a person as a sexual partner, spouse, parent, professional and citizen.
In accordance with the awareness of their physical characteristics, awareness of the psychological age, vocational guidance and basic personal and social attitudes in the holistic "I-concept" include neoplasms that reflect the maturity of the personality.
In this period there is a regulatory crisis of 30-33 years. It is caused by a discrepancy between life plans and real capabilities of a person. At this age there is a revision of life values and insignificant values are eliminated.
The period of early adulthood is characterized by the development of professional activity, self-improvement, the creation of a family, the upbringing of children, the peculiarities of organizing free time (leisure), which allows the unrealized potential of the individual to be realized.Thus, each sphere of human activity is characterized by the specific nature of activity and communication: labor is socially useful activity, the family by concentration and diversity of interpersonal relations, leisure is the realization of personal potential.
The leading factor of development in this period is labor activity, and the main tasks of early adulthood are self-determination and the creation of a family.
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